Northern pig-tailed macaque

The northern pig-tailed macaque (Macaca leonina) is a species of macaque in the family Cercopithecidae. It is found in Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam. Traditionally, M. leonina was considered a subspecies of the southern pig-tailed macaque (M. nemestrina), but is now classified as individual species.[3]

Northern pig-tailed macaque[1]
Macaca leonina mother with baby - Khao Yai.jpg
M. leonina female with baby in Khao Yai National Park, Thailand
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Cercopithecidae
Genus: Macaca
M. leonina
Binomial name
Macaca leonina
(Blyth, 1863)
Northern Pig-tailed Macaque area.png
Northern pig-tailed macaque range

In India, it is found in south of the Brahmaputra River, in the northeastern part of the country.[4] Its range in India extends from Assam and Meghalaya to eastern Aruanchal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram and Tripura.[5] A detailed report on the ecology and behaviour of northern pig-tailed macaque has been published in 2008.[6] Like its southern cousin it is used for harvesting coconuts in Thailand.



  1. ^ Groves, C. P. (2005). Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. OCLC 62265494.
  2. ^ Boonratana, R.; Das, J.; Yongcheng, L.; Htun, S. & Timmins, R. J. (2008). "Macaca leonina". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2008: e.T39792A10257933. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T39792A10257933.en.
  3. ^ "Taxonomy of Macaca leonina". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  4. ^ Choudhury, A.U. (1988) Priority ratings for conservation of Indian primates. Oryx 22: 89-94.
  5. ^ Choudhury, A. U. (2003) The pig-tailed macaque Macaca nemestrina in India - status and conservation. Primate Conservation 19: 91-94.
  6. ^ Choudhury, A. U. (2008) Ecology and behaviour of the pigtailed macaque Macaca nemestrina leonina in some forests of Assam in North-East India. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 105 (3): 279-91.

External linksEdit