Northern Kalapuya language

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Northern Kalapuyan is an extinct Kalapuyan language indigenous to northwestern Oregon in the United States. It was spoken by Kalapuya groups in the northern Willamette Valley southwest of present-day Portland.

Northern Kalapuya
Native toUnited States
RegionNorthwest Oregon
Extinct1937, with the death of Louis Kenoyer
  • Tualatin-Yamhill
  • Tualatin
  • Yamhill
Language codes
ISO 639-3nrt

Three distinct dialects of the language have been identified. The Tualatin dialect (Tfalati, Atfalati) was spoken along the Tualatin River. The Yamhill (Yamhala) dialect was spoken along the Yamhill River. The language is closely related to Central Kalapuya, spoken by related groups in the central and southern Willamette Valley.

The terminal speaker of Northern Kalapuya was Louis Kenoyer who died in 1937.[1]


  1. ^ Jacobs, Melville (1945). Kalapuya Texts. University of Washington Publications in Anthropology. Vol. 11. Seattle: University of Washington.