The Idaho Panhandle—locally known as North Idaho—is a region in the U.S. state of Idaho encompassing the state's 10 northernmost counties: Benewah, Bonner, Boundary, Clearwater, Idaho, Kootenai, Latah, Lewis, Nez Perce, and Shoshone (though the southern part of the region is sometimes referred to as North Central Idaho). The Panhandle is bordered by the state of Washington to the west, Montana to the east, and the Canadian province of British Columbia to the north. The Idaho panhandle, along with Eastern Washington, comprises the region known as the Inland Northwest. Coeur d'Alene is the largest city within the Idaho Panhandle. Spokane, Washington is around 30 miles (48 km) west of Coeur d'Alene, and is also the location of the regional airport, Spokane International Airport. Other important cities in the region include Lewiston, Moscow, Post Falls, Hayden, Sandpoint, and the smaller towns of St. Maries and Bonners Ferry. East of Coeur d'Alene is the Silver Valley, which follows Interstate 90 to the Montana border at Lookout Pass.
The region has a land area of 21,012.64 square miles (54,422.5 km2), around 25.4% of the state's total land area; there is also 323.95 square miles (839.0 km2) of water area. As of the 2010 Census, the population of the Idaho Panhandle was 317,751, around 20.3% of the state's total population of 1,567,582.
The Idaho Panhandle observes Pacific Time north of the western-flowing Salmon River in the southern part of Idaho County. The rest of the state to the south observes Mountain Time, which begins at Riggins. Though the Idaho Panhandle is at the same longitude as southern Idaho, the reasons for the different time zones are: (1) because Spokane is the commercial and transportation center for the region, and (2) there are many cross-border towns and cities that are connected, led by Spokane with Coeur d'Alene and Post Falls, followed by Pullman (home of Washington State University) with Moscow (home of the University of Idaho), and Clarkston with Lewiston.
The Panhandle is isolated from southern Idaho due to distance and the east-west mountain ranges that naturally separate the state. The passage by vehicle was arduous until significant highway improvements were made on U.S. Route 95 in North Central Idaho, specifically at Lapwai Canyon (1960), White Bird Hill (1975), the Lewiston grade (1977), and Lawyer's Canyon (1991).
No resident of North Idaho has been elected governor of the state since the re-election of Cecil Andrus (D) in 1974. Andrus, an Oregon native raised in Eugene, was a resident of Orofino when first elected in 1970. (Boise was his residence during his later campaigns of 1986 and 1990). The most recent member of the U.S. Congress from the Panhandle is Compton I. White Jr. (D), last elected in 1964.
Northern Idaho leans Republican, as does the state as a whole. Latah County, home of the university in Moscow, is the only one of the Panhandle's ten counties that does not. It has voted moderately for the Democratic candidate in the last three presidential elections; in 2000 and 2004 every county voted Republican.
|2016||64.0% 96,440||26.7% 40,261||9.3% 14,018|
|2012||61.6% 86,372||34.2% 47,910||4.2% 5,871|
|2008||59.0% 86,309||37.8% 55,301||3.2% 4,621|
|2004||63.3% 85,537||34.9% 47,132||1.8% 2,461|
|2000||64.1% 74,113||30.1% 34,777||5.9% 6,783|
|1996||43.7% 49,515||38.9% 43,976||17.4% 19,721|
|1992||33.2% 36,383||36.9% 40,478||29.9% 32,861|
|1988||50.9% 45,778||47.4% 42,573||1.7% 1,516|
The Panhandle has traditionally been one of the strongest areas for Democrats in statewide elections; in the 1990 gubernatorial election, all counties were won by the Democratic nominee. The Democratic nominee for Governor outperformed their statewide result in Northern Idaho in all elections from 1982 until 2006; in 2010 Democrat Keith G. Allred received 30.9% in Northern Idaho vs. 32.9% statewide, and in 2014 Democrat A.J. Balukoff received 36.5% in Northern Idaho vs. 38.6% statewide.
|2018||63.6% 82,474||34.6% 44,914||1.8% 2,272|
|2014||54.1% 49,700||36.5% 33,517||9.4% 8,589|
|2010||62.1% 63,563||30.9% 31,600||7.0% 7,127|
|2006||50.1% 48,204||46.8% 45,065||3.1% 2,945|
|2002||53.8% 47,722||44.1% 39,120||2.2% 1,909|
|1998||64.0% 54,829||32.7% 28,064||3.3% 2,830|
|1994||48.0% 43,397||46.6% 42,189||5.4% 4,872|
|1990||29.7% 20,616||70.3% 48,880||0.0% 0|
|1986||36.1% 29,365||62.4% 50,764||1.6% 1,287|
|1982||42.4% 30,423||57.6% 41,412||0.0% 0|
The North Idaho region is most noted for silvaculture, the growing of trees and the production of lumber through the regions 12 lumber mills. The production of grass seeds and hops for beer production are also significant. Nine microbreweries have operations in the area, making North Idaho highly characteristic of the Pacific Northwest. There are also many cattle ranches.
- census.gov Idaho population by county, 1900-90 - accessed 2011-12-07
- "Census 2010: Idaho - The Spokesman-Review". Data.spokesman.com. Archived from the original on February 10, 2013. Retrieved May 25, 2013.
- Rees, John E. (1918). Idaho Chronology, Nomenclature, Bibliography. W.B. Conkey Company. p. 100.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-06-16.
- Our Campaigns
- "Inland Forest Management, Consulting Foresters". Inlandforest.com. Archived from the original on June 19, 2013. Retrieved May 25, 2013.
- "Idaho Hop Commission". Idahohops.org. Archived from the original on October 2, 2013. Retrieved May 25, 2013.
- Visit Idaho.org - official state site - North Idaho
- U.S. Forest Service - official site - Panhandle National Forests
- History of the Columbia Region Territories- Washington State Historical Society