Nez Perce County, Idaho

Nez Perce County (pron. Nezz Purse) is a county located in the U.S. state of Idaho. As of the 2020 census, the population was 42,090.[1] The county seat is Lewiston.[2] The county is named after the Native American Nez Percé tribe. Nez Perce County is part of the Lewiston, IdahoWA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Nez Perce County
St. Stanislaus Catholic Church in Lewiston.
Official seal of Nez Perce County
Map of Idaho highlighting Nez Perce County
Location within the U.S. state of Idaho
Map of the United States highlighting Idaho
Idaho's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 46°20′N 116°45′W / 46.33°N 116.75°W / 46.33; -116.75
Country United States
State Idaho
FoundedFebruary 4, 1864
Named forNez Percé tribe
SeatLewiston
Largest cityLewiston
Area
 • Total856 sq mi (2,220 km2)
 • Land848 sq mi (2,200 km2)
 • Water8.2 sq mi (21 km2)  0.85%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total42,090
 • Density49/sq mi (19/km2)
Time zoneUTC−8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
Congressional district1st
Websitewww.co.nezperce.id.us

HistoryEdit

Nez Perce County was originally organized in 1861, when the area was part of Washington Territory.[3] It was reorganized in 1864 by the Idaho Territorial Legislature and was later subdivided into new counties. Rapid migration to the Palouse in the 1880s led to the formation of Latah County in 1888. Isolated from its county seat of Wallace in the Silver Valley, the southern portion of Shoshone County was annexed by Nez Perce County in 1904, then became Clearwater County in 1911.[4] Lewis County was also formed from Nez Perce County in 1911.

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 856 square miles (2,220 km2), of which 848 square miles (2,200 km2) is land and 8.2 square miles (21 km2) (1.0%) is water.[5]

Nez Perce County has two rivers, the Clearwater and the Snake, which meet in Lewiston and then flow west. The Clearwater flows from the east and the Snake from the south, creating the state border with Washington (and further upstream, Oregon). The lowest point in the state of Idaho is located on the Snake River in Lewiston in Nez Perce County, where it flows out of Idaho and into Washington.

The northern portion of the county is part of the Palouse, a wide and rolling agricultural region of the middle Columbia basin.

Adjacent countiesEdit

 
Nez Perce County map

Major highwaysEdit

National protected areasEdit

Government and politicsEdit

Nez Perce County is currently strongly Republican, though less so than southern Idaho: it is one of only nine counties (out of forty-four) in Idaho that has failed to vote Republican in every presidential election since 1968,[6] and indeed supported Dukakis and Bill Clinton (by plurality) three times in succession from 1988 to 1996.

In 2004 Republican George W. Bush defeated Democrat John Kerry 62% to 36%. In 2008 Republican John McCain defeated Democrat Barack Obama by a slightly smaller margin of 58.11 percent to 39.97 percent,[7] a result almost exactly replicated by Mitt Romney in 2012. In 2016 Donald Trump increased the Republican majority to 62.2 percent as against Hillary Clinton's 28.1 percent.[8]

United States presidential election results for Nez Perce County, Idaho[9]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 13,738 65.47% 6,686 31.86% 561 2.67%
2016 10,699 62.20% 4,828 28.07% 1,674 9.73%
2012 9,967 58.65% 6,451 37.96% 575 3.38%
2008 10,357 58.11% 7,123 39.97% 343 1.92%
2004 11,009 62.20% 6,476 36.59% 215 1.21%
2000 10,577 66.02% 4,995 31.18% 449 2.80%
1996 6,675 39.98% 7,491 44.87% 2,530 15.15%
1992 5,431 32.00% 7,069 41.65% 4,474 26.36%
1988 7,027 46.78% 7,754 51.62% 239 1.59%
1984 8,153 56.89% 5,981 41.74% 196 1.37%
1980 7,495 47.61% 6,565 41.70% 1,684 10.70%
1976 6,151 48.22% 6,324 49.58% 280 2.20%
1972 6,232 52.19% 5,081 42.55% 628 5.26%
1968 5,019 39.90% 6,502 51.69% 1,058 8.41%
1964 3,912 29.73% 9,245 70.27% 0 0.00%
1960 5,203 39.58% 7,944 60.42% 0 0.00%
1956 5,635 46.64% 6,448 53.36% 0 0.00%
1952 5,659 50.39% 5,552 49.43% 20 0.18%
1948 3,168 33.98% 5,747 61.65% 407 4.37%
1944 3,159 36.52% 5,453 63.05% 37 0.43%
1940 3,409 36.22% 5,963 63.35% 41 0.44%
1936 1,988 24.90% 5,705 71.45% 292 3.66%
1932 2,211 29.83% 5,077 68.50% 124 1.67%
1928 4,054 61.02% 2,535 38.15% 55 0.83%
1924 2,250 42.42% 1,212 22.85% 1,842 34.73%
1920 2,761 64.05% 1,548 35.91% 2 0.05%
1916 1,753 37.00% 2,675 56.46% 310 6.54%
1912 1,011 24.27% 1,619 38.86% 1,536 36.87%
1908 3,871 51.53% 2,843 37.85% 798 10.62%
1904 3,956 62.99% 1,696 27.01% 628 10.00%
1900 2,184 50.18% 2,168 49.82% 0 0.00%


DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
18701,607
18803,965146.7%
18902,847−28.2%
190013,748382.9%
191024,86080.8%
192015,253−38.6%
193017,59115.3%
194018,8737.3%
195022,56819.6%
196027,06619.9%
197030,27611.9%
198033,2209.7%
199033,7541.6%
200037,41010.8%
201039,2655.0%
202042,0907.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2020[14] 2020[1]

2000 censusEdit

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 37,410 people, 15,286 households, and 10,149 families living in the county. The population density was 44 people per square mile (17/km2). There were 16,203 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 91.58% White, 0.28% Black or African American, 5.31% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.50% from other races, and 1.60% from two or more races. 1.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.1% were of German, 11.3% English, 11.0% American, 8.9% Irish and 5.6% Norwegian ancestry.

There were 15,286 households, out of which 29.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.80% were married couples living together, 9.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.60% were non-families. 26.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.80% under the age of 18, 10.00% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 16.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,282, and the median income for a family was $44,212. Males had a median income of $34,688 versus $23,014 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,544. About 8.60% of families and 12.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.40% of those under age 18 and 6.70% of those age 65 or over.

2010 censusEdit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 39,265 people, 16,241 households, and 10,331 families living in the county.[16] The population density was 46.3 inhabitants per square mile (17.9/km2). There were 17,438 housing units at an average density of 20.6 per square mile (8.0/km2).[17] The racial makeup of the county was 90.1% white, 5.6% American Indian, 0.7% Asian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.7% from other races, and 2.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.8% of the population.[16] In terms of ancestry, 30.6% were German, 14.5% were Irish, 13.5% were English, and 7.7% were American.[18]

Of the 16,241 households, 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.4% were non-families, and 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 40.8 years.[16]

The median income for a household in the county was $44,395 and the median income for a family was $55,180. Males had a median income of $42,451 versus $31,920 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,899. About 8.5% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.2% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over.[19]

CommunitiesEdit

CitiesEdit

Census-designated placeEdit

Unincorporated communitiesEdit

See alsoEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ a b "2020 Census Data". data.census.gov.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "County was mighty big baby at its birth 100 years ago". Lewiston Morning Tribune. (Idaho). November 30, 1961. p. 14.
  4. ^ clearwatercounty.org - about us - history - accessed December 9, 2011
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ Sullivan, Robert David; ‘How the Red and Blue Map Evolved Over the Past Century’; America Magazine in The National Catholic Review; June 29, 2016
  7. ^ US Election Atlas.org
  8. ^ 2016 Presidential General Election Data Graphs – Idaho by County
  9. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2014.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 1, 2014.
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2014.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2014.
  14. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 17, 2011. Retrieved July 1, 2014.
  15. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  16. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 9, 2016.
  17. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 9, 2016.
  18. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 9, 2016.
  19. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 9, 2016.

Further readingEdit

Coordinates: 46°20′N 116°45′W / 46.33°N 116.75°W / 46.33; -116.75