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North Beach is a neighborhood in the northeast of San Francisco adjacent to Chinatown, the Financial District, and Russian Hill. The neighborhood is San Francisco's "Little Italy" and has historically been home to a large Italian American population. It still has many Italian restaurants, though many other ethnic groups currently live in the neighborhood. It was also the historic center of the beatnik subculture and has become one of San Francisco's main nightlife districts as well as a residential neighborhood populated by a mix of young urban professionals, families, and Chinese immigrants.

North Beach
Saints Peter and Paul Church in North Beach.
Saints Peter and Paul Church in North Beach.
North Beach is located in San Francisco
North Beach
North Beach
Location within Central San Francisco
Coordinates: 37°48′1.04″N 122°24′36.66″W / 37.8002889°N 122.4101833°W / 37.8002889; -122.4101833Coordinates: 37°48′1.04″N 122°24′36.66″W / 37.8002889°N 122.4101833°W / 37.8002889; -122.4101833
Country United States
State California
City and countySan Francisco
 • SupervisorAaron Peskin
 • AssemblymemberDavid Chiu (D)[1]
 • State SenatorScott Wiener (D)[1]
 • U. S. Rep.Nancy Pelosi (D)[2]
 • Total0.492 sq mi (1.27 km2)
Elevation16 ft (5 m)
 • Total18,915
 • Density38,000/sq mi (15,000/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP codes
94111, 94133
Area codes415/628
GNIS feature ID1659245

The American Planning Association (APA) has named North Beach as one of ten "Great Neighborhoods in America".[5]


North Beach is bounded by the former Barbary Coast, now Jackson Square, the Financial District south of Broadway, Chinatown to the southwest of Columbus below Green Street, Russian Hill to the west, Telegraph Hill to the east and Fisherman's Wharf at Bay Street to the north.

Main intersections are Union and Columbus, the southwest corner of Washington Square, Grant Avenue and Vallejo Street.

The somewhat compact layout of the neighborhood consists of apartments, duplexes, and Victorian homes dating from the 1920s, when residents rebuilt the neighborhood from its complete destruction after the earthquake and fire of 1906.


View of North Beach from Telegraph Hill, 1856

Originally, the city's northeast shoreline extended only to what is today Taylor and Francisco streets. The area largely known today as North Beach was an actual beach, filled in with land fill around the late 19th century. Warehouses, fishing wharves, and docks were then built on the newly formed shoreline. Due to the proximity of the docks, the southern half of the neighborhood south of Broadway was home of the infamous Barbary Coast.[6]

Following its reconstruction after the 1906 earthquake, a large number of Italian immigrants created the Italian character of the neighborhood that still exists. Prominent Italian Americans that came from the neighborhood include baseball legend Joe DiMaggio who grew up in the neighborhood and briefly returned to live there with his wife Marilyn Monroe during the 1950s, as well as former San Francisco mayor and politician Joseph Alioto plus others from the prominent Alioto family.

During the 1950s, many of the neighborhood's cafes and bars became the home and epicenter of the Beat Generation and gave rise to the San Francisco Renaissance. The term "beatnik" originated from the scene here and was coined in a derogatory fashion by famed San Francisco Chronicle columnist Herb Caen. Many of that generation's most famous writers and personalities such as Jack Kerouac, Allen Ginsberg, Gregory Corso, Neal Cassady lived in the neighborhood. Another poet from this generation, Lawrence Ferlinghetti, founded the City Lights Bookstore that still exists today on the corner of Broadway and Columbus as an official historic landmark and serves as one of the main focal points of this generation.

During the 1960s a notable night spot was The Committee, an improvisational theatre group founded by alumni of The Second City in Chicago. The Committee opened April 10, 1963 at 622 Broadway in a 300-seat cabaret theater.

The Broadway area also created innovations for the strip club industry. The Condor Club, on the corner of Columbus and Broadway, was opened in 1964 as America's first topless bar, which it is again today. The Lusty Lady was the first striptease club to be structured as a worker cooperative, which meant that it was managed by the dancers who worked at that peep-show establishment. Broadway strip clubs owe their legacy to the Barbary Coast, which was located just one block south on Pacific Street during the late 19th-century.[citation needed]

In the 1970s and 1980s Broadway was the location of many live music clubs, like the Stone, and a punk rock club called the Mabuhay Gardens.[citation needed]

Since the 1980s, and much like Manhattan's Little Italy, due to a decrease in emigration from Italy and gentrification, the neighborhood has seen its native Italian American population rapidly shrink, while neighboring Chinatown has been rapidly expanding north into the neighborhood south of Broadway and along Stockton Street causing a major demographic shift to a mix of mostly Chinese and young professional population, although some, albeit very few, Italian Americans remain.[citation needed]

Paul Kantner was living in North Beach in an apartment unit above Al's Attire at the corner of Grant Avenue and Vallejo Street at the time of his death, and was often a patron of nearby Caffe Trieste.[7]

North Beach was home to the first lesbian bar in San Francisco, Mona's 440 Club. Mona Sargeant and her husband Jimmie opened Mona's in 1936 in a North Beach basement as a small underground bar celebrating the end of Prohibition. Once Mona's gained enough popularity between the gay community and tourists, the club moved to a much larger location at 440 Broadway Street. The club remained Mona's 440 until the mid 1950s.[citation needed]

Attractions and characteristicsEdit

Looking southeast from Columbus Avenue (on the left) and Stockton (on the right). The Transamerica Pyramid is visible in the background on Columbus Avenue. The array of overhead wires supply power for the electric trolley buses such as the one seen on Stockton Street.
View of Green Street looking west towards Columbus Avenue.



The neighborhood still retains an Italian character with many Italian restaurants, cafes, and bakeries that line Columbus Avenue and Washington Square.[citation needed]

Religious institutions and sitesEdit

  • The National Shrine of Saint Francis of Assisi, the city's namesake, is located on Vallejo Street.[10]
  • Known as "The Italian Cathedral of the West", Saints Peter and Paul Church is located on the north side of Filbert Street in front of Washington Square. Joe DiMaggio married his first wife there, and came for photos after his marriage to Marilyn Monroe. Saints Peter and Paul is considered a San Francisco landmark and an emblematic tie to the neighborhood's Italian American past.[11]

Secular institutions and sitesEdit


It is in the San Francisco Unified School District (SFUSD) and is within the John Yehall Chin Elementary School (余河小學) attendance area.[16] Chin has a Cantonese language program.[17]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
  2. ^ "California's 12th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
  3. ^ a b "North Beach (NoBe) neighborhood in San Francisco, California (CA), 94111, 94133 detailed profile". Retrieved March 27, 2015.
  4. ^ "North Beach". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
  5. ^ "North Beach: Authentic Character Is Intact 150 Years Later". American Planning Association. 2007-10-02. Retrieved 2007-10-16.
  6. ^ Estavan, Lawrence (1 January 1991). "The Italian Theatre in San Francisco". Wildside Press LLC. Retrieved 20 November 2016 – via Google Books.
  7. ^ "RIP: Paul Kantner, Jefferson Airplane Co-Founder & North Beach Regular | Hoodline". Retrieved 2016-02-15.
  8. ^ "520 Chestnut Unit 402". 520 Chestnut Unit 402. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
  9. ^ "520 Chestnut Unit 402". 520 Chestnut Unit 402. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
  10. ^ "National Shrine of Saint Francis of Assisi | Home". Retrieved 2019-02-25.
  11. ^ F, Valerie (2015-02-24). "Ss. Peter and Paul Church "The Italian Cathedral of the West" – San Francisco, CA". Retrieved 2019-02-25.
  12. ^ "The Arts Adventurer | Jack Kerouac in San Francisco | City Lights Bookstore and The Beats". Retrieved 2019-02-25.
  13. ^ "The Best Streets for Bar Hopping in San Francisco". San Francisco Travel. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
  14. ^ "Academy of Art University Campus Map" (PDF). Academy of Art University. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
  15. ^ link, Get; Facebook; Twitter; Pinterest; Email; Apps, Other. "San Francisco North Beach". Retrieved 2019-02-25.
  16. ^ "Final Recommendations for Elementary Attendance Areas Prepared for September 28, 2010 Board Meeting." San Francisco Unified School District. Retrieved on April 18, 2018.
  17. ^ "John Yehall Chin Elementary School." San Francisco Unified School District. Retrieved on April 18, 2018.

External linksEdit