North Beach, San Francisco
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North Beach is a neighborhood in the northeast of San Francisco adjacent to Chinatown, the Financial District, and Russian Hill. The neighborhood is San Francisco's "Little Italy" and has historically been home to a large Italian American population, largely from Northern Italy. It still has many Italian restaurants, though many other ethnic groups currently live in the neighborhood. It was also the historic center of the beatnik subculture and has become one of San Francisco's main nightlife districts as well as a residential neighborhood populated by a mix of young urban professionals, families, and Chinese immigrants.
|City and county||San Francisco|
|• Supervisor||Aaron Peskin|
|• Assemblymember||David Chiu (D)|
|• State Senator||Scott Wiener (D)|
|• U. S. Rep.||Nancy Pelosi (D)|
|• Total||0.492 sq mi (1.27 km2)|
|Elevation||16 ft (5 m)|
|• Density||38,000/sq mi (15,000/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-8 (Pacific)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-7 (PDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1659245|
North Beach is bounded by the former Barbary Coast, now Jackson Square, the Financial District south of Broadway, Chinatown to the southwest of Columbus below Green Street, Russian Hill to the west, Telegraph Hill to the east and Fisherman's Wharf at Bay Street to the north.
The somewhat compact layout of the neighborhood consists of apartments, duplexes, and Victorian homes dating from the 1920s, when residents rebuilt the neighborhood from its complete destruction after the earthquake and fire of 1906.
Originally, the city's northeast shoreline extended only to what is today Taylor and Francisco streets. The area largely known today as North Beach was an actual beach, filled in with land fill around the late 19th century. Warehouses, fishing wharves, and docks were then built on the newly formed shoreline. Due to the proximity of the docks, the southern half of the neighborhood south of Broadway was home of the infamous Barbary Coast.
Following its reconstruction after the 1906 earthquake, a large number of Italian immigrants created the Italian character of the neighborhood that still exists. Prominent Italian Americans that came from the neighborhood include baseball legend Joe DiMaggio who grew up in the neighborhood and briefly returned to live there with his wife Marilyn Monroe during the 1950s, as well as former San Francisco mayor and politician Joseph Alioto plus others from the prominent Alioto family.
North Beach was home to the first lesbian bar in San Francisco, Mona's 440 Club. Mona Sargeant and her husband Jimmie opened Mona's in 1936 in a North Beach basement as a small underground bar celebrating the end of Prohibition. Once Mona's gained enough popularity between the gay community and tourists, the club moved to a much larger location at 440 Broadway Street. The club remained Mona's 440 until the mid 1950s.
During the 1950s, many of the neighborhood's cafes and bars became the home and epicenter of the Beat Generation and gave rise to the San Francisco Renaissance. The term "beatnik" originated from the scene here and was coined in a derogatory fashion by famed San Francisco Chronicle columnist Herb Caen. Many of that generation's most famous writers and personalities such as Jack Kerouac, Allen Ginsberg, Gregory Corso, Neal Cassady lived in the neighborhood. Another poet from this generation, Lawrence Ferlinghetti, founded the City Lights Bookstore that still exists today on the corner of Broadway and Columbus as an official historic landmark and serves as one of the main focal points of this generation.
During the 1960s a notable night spot was The Committee, an improvisational theatre group founded by alumni of The Second City in Chicago. The Committee opened April 10, 1963 at 622 Broadway in a 300-seat cabaret theater.
The Broadway area also created innovations for the strip club industry. The Condor Club, on the corner of Columbus and Broadway, was opened in 1964 as America's first topless bar, which it is again today. The Lusty Lady was the first striptease club to be structured as a worker cooperative, which meant that it was managed by the dancers who worked at that peep-show establishment. Broadway strip clubs owe their legacy to the Barbary Coast, which was located just one block south on Pacific Street during the late 19th-century.
After World War II, and accelerated during the Korean War, the Italian American population has been moving out of the Little Italy sections of North Beach, Telegraph Hill, and Fisherman's Wharf due to suburbanization. Since the 1980s, and much like Manhattan's Little Italy, due to a decrease in emigration from Italy and gentrification, the neighborhood has seen its native Italian American population rapidly shrink. The neighborhood has since seen neighboring Chinatown expanding north into the neighborhood south of Broadway and along Stockton Street, causing a major demographic shift to a mix of mostly Chinese and young professional population, with few Italian Americans remaining.
Paul Kantner was living in North Beach in an apartment unit above Al's Attire at the corner of Grant Avenue and Vallejo Street at the time of his death and was often a patron of nearby Caffe Trieste.
Attractions and characteristicsEdit
- The North Beach Festival street fair on Grant Avenue and Columbus Avenue usually held on Father's Day weekend in June is one of the city's largest. It is also considered one of the nation's oldest street fairs.
- The Italian Heritage Parade, formerly known as the Columbus Day Parade, is the United States' longest continuously run Italian heritage celebration. The route goes from Fisherman's Wharf, San Francisco, along Columbus Avenue, to Washington Square, in front of Saints Peter and Paul Church, San Francisco. The event celebrated its 150th anniversary in 2018.
Religious institutions and sitesEdit
- The National Shrine of Saint Francis of Assisi, the city's namesake, is located on Vallejo Street.
- Known as "The Italian Cathedral of the West", Saints Peter and Paul Church is located on the north side of Filbert Street in front of Washington Square. Joe DiMaggio married his first wife there, and came for photos after his marriage to Marilyn Monroe. Saints Peter and Paul is considered a San Francisco landmark and an emblematic tie to the neighborhood's Italian American past.
Secular institutions and sitesEdit
- An alleyway between Columbus and Grant Avenues is named for Beat Generation writer Jack Kerouac, who once lived there and frequented the famous City Lights Bookstore on the corner of Columbus and Broadway as well as the numerous nearby bars and coffee shops.
- Broadway east of Columbus Avenue still serves as one of the city's main nightclub districts and offers restaurants, blues clubs, strip clubs, nightclubs, and jazz clubs.
- "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
- "California's 12th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
- "North Beach (NoBe) neighborhood in San Francisco, California (CA), 94111, 94133 detailed profile". City-data.com. Retrieved March 27, 2015.
- "North Beach". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
- Gloria, Maria (June 25, 2014). "Discovering the Italian Roots in Northern California". Archived from the original on September 6, 2018.
- "North Beach: Authentic Character Is Intact 150 Years Later". American Planning Association. 2007-10-02. Retrieved 2007-10-16.
- Estavan, Lawrence (1 January 1991). The Italian Theatre in San Francisco. Wildside Press LLC. ISBN 9780893704643. Retrieved 20 November 2016 – via Google Books.
- Donati, Silvia (September 28, 2018). "Where to Find Italy in America: San Francisco's North Beach". ITALY Magazine. Retrieved 2020-10-06.
- Sharon M. Hannon, Punks: A Guide to an American Subculture (Santa Barbara CA: ABC-CLIO, 2010), 31. ISBN 0313364567
- "Italian Americans in California: Introduction". bancroft.berkeley.edu. Retrieved 2020-10-06.
- Richard S. Grayson and Fearghal McGarry, Remembering 1916 (Cambridge UP, 2016), 150. ISBN 1107145902
- "RIP: Paul Kantner, Jefferson Airplane Co-Founder & North Beach Regular | Hoodline". hoodline.com. Retrieved 2016-02-15.
- "History – The San Francisco Italian Heritage Parade". sfitalianheritage.org. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
- Graham, Jefferson (October 5, 2018). "Celebrate 150 years of North Beach in San Francisco". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
- "Parade – The San Francisco Italian Heritage Parade". sfitalianheritage.org. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
- "National Shrine of Saint Francis of Assisi | Home". www.shrinesf.org. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
- F, Valerie (2015-02-24). "Ss. Peter and Paul Church "The Italian Cathedral of the West" – San Francisco, CA". Retrieved 2019-02-25.
- "The Arts Adventurer | Jack Kerouac in San Francisco | City Lights Bookstore and The Beats". artsology.com. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
- "The Best Streets for Bar Hopping in San Francisco". San Francisco Travel. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
- "Final Recommendations for Elementary Attendance Areas Prepared for September 28, 2010 Board Meeting." San Francisco Unified School District. Retrieved on April 18, 2018.
- "John Yehall Chin Elementary School." San Francisco Unified School District. Retrieved on April 18, 2018.
- "Academy of Art University Campus Map" (PDF). academyart.edu. Academy of Art University. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
- link, Get; Facebook; Twitter; Pinterest; Email; Apps, Other. "San Francisco North Beach". Retrieved 2019-02-25.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for San Francisco/Chinatown-North Beach.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to North Beach.|
- North Beach Yahoo Maps
- North Beach Neighbors a San Francisco Neighborhood Organization
- Surrounded by Sound: Aurally Exploring the Barbary Coast at en fuego magazine
- Historic North Beach and Telegraph Hill photographs by photographer JB Monaco
- Dave Archer (2002). "Janis Joplin". DaveArcher.com. Archived from the original on 20 June 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2013. (Painter Dave Archer recalls working at the Fox and Hound (later called Coffee and Confusion) in North Beach, in various capacities, and of his memories of Hoyt Axton and Janis Joplin, who got their starts in San Francisco at that club.)
- Dave Archer (2002). "The Fox And The Hound And The Coffee And Confusion". DaveArcher.com. Archived from the original on 22 September 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2013. (Painter Dave Archer recalls living and working in North Beach, San Francisco, and the characters he met there (some famous, many up-and-coming and later famous).)