Night Heat

Night Heat is a Canadian police crime drama series that aired on both CTV in Canada and CBS in the United States. Original episodes were broadcast from 1985 to 1989.[1] Night Heat was the first Canadian original drama series that was also aired on a United States television network during its original broadcast.[2] It was also the first original, first-run drama series to be aired during a late night time slot on a television network in the United States.[3]

Night Heat
Night Heat Title Screen.png
Night Heat title screen
GenrePolice procedural
Created by
Country of originCanada
No. of seasons4
No. of episodes96
Executive producers
Production locationsToronto, Ontario
Running time45 minutes approx.
Production companies
DistributorWorldvision Enterprises
Original network
  • CTV (Canada)
  • CBS (United States)
Original releaseJanuary 31, 1985 (1985-01-31) –
January 5, 1989 (1989-01-05)

During its original run it was the highest-rated Canadian-produced original series in Canada.[4] The show won the Gemini Award for Best Drama Series in both 1986 and 1987.[2][5]

The show stars Scott Hylands and Jeff Wincott as police detectives Kevin O'Brien and Frank Giambone who work the graveyard shift in an unnamed northeastern North American metropolis.[6][7][8] The series follows their nightly police beat as it is chronicled by journalist Tom Kirkwood (Allan Royal) in his newspaper column titled "Night Heat".[3][9][10]


Allan Royal plays Tom Kirkwood, a journalist who writes a newspaper column titled "Night Heat" where he chronicles the nightly police beat of detectives Kevin O'Brien, played by Scott Hylands, and Frank Giambrone, played by Jeff Wincott.[3][9] O'Brien is a tough, cynical, veteran police officer and Giambrone is his younger, hot-tempered partner.[3][9][11][12] Kirkwood also serves as the show's narrator; his voice-over commentary starts and ends each episode, recapping the lessons learned and acting as a sort of Greek chorus.[3][13][14][15]

The name of the city in which the show takes place is never mentioned.[6][7][8] Each episode represents a single night's shift and, as a result, crimes often remain unresolved by the end of the show.[3][10]




  • Wendy Crewson as Prosecutor Dorothy Fredricks (season 1)
  • Lynda Mason Green as Detective Fleece Toland (season 1)
  • Tony Rosato as Arthur "Whitey" Morelli
  • Clark Johnson as Detective David Jefferson
  • Deborah Grover as Prosecutor Elaine Jeffers
  • Laura McKinlay Robinson as Detective Christine Meadows
  • Robert Morelli as Joey Sanza


Concept and developmentEdit

Night Heat was conceived by Sonny Grosso, a former New York City Police Department detective.[3][10][16] Grosso served was the show's executive producer along with his partner, Larry Jacobson.[3][4]

Grosso had over 20 years experience in law enforcement, later working as a narcotics detective.[3][7][10][13] He and his former NYPD partner, Eddie Egan, were the detectives responsible for bringing an end to the infamous drug smuggling ring known as the French Connection.[10][16][17] Grosso served as technical adviser on the film based on the investigation.[3] He also worked as a consultant for the film The Godfather and as story editor for the TV series The Rockford Files, Kojak and Baretta.[3][18]

Grosso and Jacobson were originally approached by CBS to produce a docudrama series following actual police officers, but they considered the potential risk in filming people who had not yet been convicted of a crime and decided against it.[19] Grosso came up with the idea of creating a police series that would feature a realistic look at police work in a documentary style, similar to the 1950s/1960s police drama Naked City.[4][20] He wanted to depict the life of the everyday police officer, in contrast to the slicker, high-action, high-drama, yuppie-oriented police series of the time such as Miami Vice and Hill Street Blues.[3][13][14] The pilot episode was written by Don Flynn, a crime reporter with the New York Daily News.[7][21]


The cast of Night Heat. From left to right, Stephen Mendel, Sean McCann, Eugene A. Clark, Louise Vallance, Scott Hylands, Jeff Wincott, and Allan Royal.

Grosso and Jacobson decided to produce their show in Toronto, Canada, as otherwise the production costs would have been too expensive for CBS's late-night budget.[7] At the time one could film in Toronto for less than half the cost of a major American city—Canadian union scale was lower and the American-to-Canadian dollar exchange rate was also favorable.[4][7][9] The show featured an all-Canadian cast and crew and was partially funded by the Government of Canada.[6][16][17] For Hylands, a 21-year veteran actor, frequently seen playing villains in U.S. TV shows during the 1970s and early 1980s, this was the first time he had been given a leading role, or the role of a "good guy." [12]

The series was shot entirely at night between the hours of 6pm and 4am, which also made it easier to film since there was less traffic and it was easier to close down streets.[4][22] The lower budget also meant that the show did not contain high speed car chases or shootouts with heavy calibre weapons.[2][4][13] As a result, the show was more reliant on story and dialogue to capture audiences.[2][4]

Night Heat was filmed on 16mm film using hand-held cameras, instead of the Hollywood-standard 35mm film, giving the series a grainy, documentary-style look.[10][17][23] Much of the show was shot at the site of the former Lakeshore Psychiatric Hospital, which served as the series' police station;[3][16] described as a "grim and forbidding setting," the hospital fit in with the gritty look that the show's producer, Robert Lantos wanted.[3][24]

Filming a police drama aimed at both Canadian and American audiences in an unidentified city presented a unique set of challenges: The crew had to avoid capturing shots of landmarks and other objects that would give away that it was not an American city, such as Toronto Police cars, Esso stations and the CN Tower.[6][18] While much of the show's dialogue included American law-enforcement terminology (for example: they referred to police "precincts" instead of "divisions", and characters had ranks such as officers, detectives and lieutenants instead of constables, sergeants and inspectors), they avoided terms from the American criminal justice system such as "grand jury" or "district attorney".[2][6] In addition, the officers were never seen reading Miranda rights to suspects since there is no Miranda law in Canada.[18] The writers also made a concerted effort to avoid using words that Canadians have a distinctive way of pronouncing, such as the words "out" and "about".[6] Given Toronto's relative cleanliness when compared to larger American cities, the film crew would sometimes throw additional garbage onto the set during street scenes. Grosso, Hylands and Jacobson have all said in separate interviews that there was a time when the garbage that they had strewn about for a Night Heat shoot had been cleaned-up by city sanitation crews while the film crew was on break.[18][25][26]


Series overviewEdit

SeasonEpisodesOriginally aired
First airedLast aired
124January 31, 1985 (1985-01-31)January 9, 1986 (1986-01-09)
224January 30, 1986 (1986-01-30)January 15, 1987 (1987-01-15)
324February 5, 1987 (1987-02-05)January 7, 1988 (1988-01-07)
424January 14, 1988 (1988-01-14)January 5, 1989 (1989-01-05)

Season 1 (1985–86)Edit

No. in
TitleDirected byWritten byOriginal air date
11"Crossfire"Gerald MayerEdward AdlerJanuary 31, 1985 (1985-01-31)
22"Necessary Force"Mario AzzopardiWilliam LevinsonFebruary 7, 1985 (1985-02-07)
33"Deadline"George KaczenderR.B. CarneyFebruary 14, 1985 (1985-02-14)
44"The Stranger"René BonnièreIan SutherlandFebruary 21, 1985 (1985-02-21)
55"Obie's Law"George McCowanDon Flynn & Sonny Grosso (story), Philip Rosenberg (teleplay)February 28, 1985 (1985-02-28)
66"The Witness"Mario AzzopardiPhilip RosenbergMarch 7, 1985 (1985-03-07)
77"Deadlock"Mario AzzopardiPhilip RosenbergMay 2, 1985 (1985-05-02)
88"Ancient Madness"Al WaxmanStuart RosenbergMay 9, 1985 (1985-05-09)
99"Velvet"René BonnièreR.B. CarneyMay 16, 1985 (1985-05-16)
1010"The Fifth Man"Mario AzzopardiIan SutherlandMay 23, 1985 (1985-05-23)
1111"Jane the Ripper"Mario AzzopardiTim Dunphy & Peter MohanSeptember 26, 1985 (1985-09-26)
1212"Dead to Rights"Mario AzzopardiStuart RosenbergOctober 3, 1985 (1985-10-03)
1313"The Quest"George KaczenderPeter PalliserOctober 10, 1985 (1985-10-10)
1414"Power Play"George KaczenderStuart RosenbergOctober 17, 1985 (1985-10-17)
1515"The Game"George KaczenderTim Dunphy & Peter MohanOctober 24, 1985 (1985-10-24)
1616"Mother's Day"Mario AzzopardiIan SutherlandOctober 31, 1985 (1985-10-31)
1717"Poison"Mario AzzopardiR.B. CarneyNovember 7, 1985 (1985-11-07)
1818"Snow White"Mario AzzopardiEdward AdlerNovember 14, 1985 (1985-11-14)
1919"Secrets"René BonnièreRon BaseNovember 21, 1985 (1985-11-21)
2020"Songbird"René BonnièreR.B. CarneyNovember 28, 1985 (1985-11-28)
2121"The Source"George KaczenderDon FlynnDecember 2, 1985 (1985-12-02)
2222"Innocents"Allan EastmanBruce MartinDecember 26, 1985 (1985-12-26)
2323"Fire and Ice"Mario AzzopardiStuart RosenbergJanuary 2, 1986 (1986-01-02)
2424"Brotherhood"Mario AzzopardiIan SutherlandJanuary 9, 1986 (1986-01-09)

Season 2 (1986–87)Edit

No. in
TitleDirected byWritten byOriginal air date
251"The Hero"René BonnièreR.B. CarneyJanuary 30, 1986 (1986-01-30)
262"Dead Ringer"Mario AzzopardiTim Dunphy & Peter MohanFebruary 6, 1986 (1986-02-06)
273"Neighbors"René BonnièreIan SutherlandFebruary 13, 1986 (1986-02-13)
284"Payday"TBATBAFebruary 20, 1986 (1986-02-20)
295"The Legendary Eddie Shore"TBATBAApril 17, 1986 (1986-04-17)
306"The Passenger"TBATBAApril 24, 1986 (1986-04-24)
317"Moonlight"TBATBAMay 1, 1986 (1986-05-01)
328"The Fighter"Joseph L. ScanlanR.B. CarneyMay 15, 1986 (1986-05-15)
339"Showdown"Mario AzzopardiTim Dunphy & Peter MohanMay 22, 1986 (1986-05-22)
3410"Friends"TBATBAJuly 30, 1986 (1986-07-30)
3511"Wages of Sin"TBATBASeptember 25, 1986 (1986-09-25)
3612"The Hit"Mario AzzopardiR.B. CarneyOctober 2, 1986 (1986-10-02)
3713"Trapped"René BonnièreGabrielle St. GeorgeOctober 9, 1986 (1986-10-09)
3814"Children of the Night"Jorge MontesiPeter Lauterman & Angelo SteaOctober 16, 1986 (1986-10-16)
3915"Pride and Prejudice"TBATBAOctober 23, 1986 (1986-10-23)
4016"Another Country"TBATBAOctober 30, 1986 (1986-10-30)
4117"Every Picture Tells a Story"TBATBANovember 6, 1986 (1986-11-06)
4218"Fighting Back"TBAWilliam DavidsonNovember 13, 1986 (1986-11-13)
4319"Bad Timing"TBATBANovember 20, 1986 (1986-11-20)
4420"The Movement"George MendelukPeter MohanNovember 27, 1986 (1986-11-27)
4521"Body Conscious"Allan EastmanGabrielle St. GeorgeDecember 4, 1986 (1986-12-04)
4622"The Switch"Jorge MontesiLaurel L. Russwurm & Donald AyresJanuary 1, 1987 (1987-01-01)
4723"Masquerade"TBATBAJanuary 8, 1987 (1987-01-08)
4824"The Beaumont Line"René BonnièreTBAJanuary 15, 1987 (1987-01-15)

Season 3 (1987–88)Edit

No. in
TitleDirected byWritten byOriginal air date
491"Love You to Death"George MendelukGabrielle St. GeorgeFebruary 5, 1987 (1987-02-05)
502"Vantage Point"Don ShebibPeter MohanFebruary 12, 1987 (1987-02-12)
513"Play the Game"TBATBAFebruary 19, 1987 (1987-02-19)
524"Punk"René BonnièreIan SutherlandFebruary 19, 1987 (1987-02-19)
535"Beauty is as Beauty Does"Mario AzzopardiStuart RosenbergApril 30, 1987 (1987-04-30)
546"You're on the Air"TBATBAMay 7, 1987 (1987-05-07)
557"And Baby Makes Grief"TBATBAMay 21, 1987 (1987-05-21)
568"All the King's Horses"TBATBAAugust 4, 1987 (1987-08-04)
579"Grace"TBATBAAugust 11, 1987 (1987-08-11)
5810"The Kid"TBATBAAugust 18, 1987 (1987-08-18)
5911"Flashback"TBATBAAugust 25, 1987 (1987-08-25)
6012"Tell Me a Story"TBATBASeptember 1, 1987 (1987-09-01)
6113"Comeback"TBATBASeptember 8, 1987 (1987-09-08)
6214"The Pimp"TBATBASeptember 24, 1987 (1987-09-24)
6315"Limo"TBATBAOctober 1, 1987 (1987-10-01)
6416"Mean Business"TBATBAOctober 8, 1987 (1987-10-08)
6517"Tonight's News"TBATBAOctober 15, 1987 (1987-10-15)
6618"Simon Says"TBATBAOctober 22, 1987 (1987-10-22)
6719"The Victim"TBATBAOctober 29, 1987 (1987-10-29)
6820"The Cost of Doing Business"TBATBANovember 5, 1987 (1987-11-05)
6921"These Happy Golden Years"TBATBANovember 12, 1987 (1987-11-12)
7022"The Wiseguy"TBATBANovember 19, 1987 (1987-11-19)
7123"Freedom Dead"TBATBANovember 26, 1987 (1987-11-26)
7224"Vengeance"TBATBAJanuary 7, 1988 (1988-01-07)

Season 4 (1988–89)Edit

No. in
TitleDirected byWritten byOriginal air date
731"Silk"TBATBAJanuary 14, 1988 (1988-01-14)
742"Chinatown"TBATBAJanuary 21, 1988 (1988-01-21)
753"Ain't No Cure for Love"TBATBAFebruary 4, 1988 (1988-02-04)
764"Woof"TBATBAFebruary 11, 1988 (1988-02-11)
775"Whitey's Run"TBATBAFebruary 18, 1988 (1988-02-18)
786"Blowing Bubbles"TBATBAFebruary 25, 1988 (1988-02-25)
797"None Shall Sleep"TBATBAApril 21, 1988 (1988-04-21)
808"Forgive Me Father"George KaczenderGabrielle St. GeorgeApril 28, 1988 (1988-04-28)
819"Better Part of Valor"TBATBAMay 5, 1988 (1988-05-05)
8210"The Privilege of Freedom"TBATBAMay 12, 1988 (1988-05-12)
8311"Set for Life"TBATBAMay 19, 1988 (1988-05-19)
8412"Bogota Blues"TBATBASeptember 22, 1988 (1988-09-22)
8513"Bless Me Father"TBATBASeptember 29, 1988 (1988-09-29)
8614"The Mercenary"TBATBAOctober 6, 1988 (1988-10-06)
8715"False Witness"TBATBAOctober 13, 1988 (1988-10-13)
8816"Archie's Riff"TBATBAOctober 20, 1988 (1988-10-20)
8917"Goodbodies"TBATBAOctober 27, 1988 (1988-10-27)
9018"Ice"TBATBANovember 3, 1988 (1988-11-03)
9119"Jumper"TBATBANovember 10, 1988 (1988-11-10)
9220"The Professional"TBATBANovember 17, 1988 (1988-11-17)
9321"The Wrong Woman"TBATBANovember 24, 1988 (1988-11-24)
9422"No Regrets"TBATBADecember 1, 1988 (1988-12-01)
9523"Elaine"TBATBADecember 29, 1988 (1988-12-29)
9624"Blues in a Bottle"TBATBAJanuary 5, 1989 (1989-01-05)


CBS aired Night Heat as part of CBS Late Night, a late-night block of drama programming.[3][6] It marked the first time in 20 years that CBS had slotted a first-run series against The Tonight Show.[21] For six weeks in the summer of 1987 CBS moved the show to a 9pm slot, making it the first time that a Canadian drama series was shown on a major US network in prime time since Encounter, a short-lived ABC anthology series broadcast live out of the CBC's Toronto studios in the fall of 1958.[2][16][27][28]

In late 1988, CBS announced it had officially canceled Night Heat.[29] In spite of the show's popularity, CBS decided that it could get even better ratings in the late-night timeslot with The Pat Sajak Show, a talk show fronted by Wheel of Fortune host Pat Sajak.[2] Over a fourth of CBS's affiliates expressed more interest in running the Sajak program than continuing to run Night Heat and the last episode aired on CBS in January 1989 even though CTV still had a full season on film that had yet to be aired.[29][30]

After the series was canceled, reruns continued to air on CBS for another two years, and on Canadian television well into the early 2000s.[31]



Night Heat received good ratings for CBS; the show drew an average of 20% of TV viewers in its timeslot[2] and at times the show even outperformed NBC's The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson in such markets as New York, Boston, Philadelphia and Chicago.[7][9][32]

In Canada Night Heat attracted a million viewers a week.[2] Critics in Canada were generally enthusiastic about Night Heat and were proud of the fact that it was being shown on American television.[33] Critics such as Rick Salutin of The Globe and Mail expressed disappointment that the show hid or downplayed the fact that it was Canadian in order to appeal to US audiences: "they never say it's Toronto. It's just the city."[34]


Night Heat won the award for Best Drama Series at the 1986 Gemini Awards.[35][36] At the 1987 Gemini Awards the series again won the award for Best Drama Series, actor Eugene Clark won the award for Best Performance by a Supporting Actor and writer Bob Carney won the award for Best Writing in a Dramatic Series for the episode titled "The Hit".[5][37] Night Heat also won the 1987 Gemini award in the category of TV Guide's Most Popular Program, an award based on ballots submitted by the magazine's readers in Canada.[5]

At the 1988 Gemini Awards writers Tim Dunphy and Peter Mohan won the award for Best Writing in a Dramatic Series and Night Heat again won TV Guide's Most Popular Program award.[38][39] In 1989 the series writer Chris Haddock won the Gemini Award for Best Writing in a Dramatic Series for the episode titled "False Witness".[40]


  1. ^ "Jump Street Fans Should Book a Night for Richard Grieco". Vancouver Sun. Vancouver, Canada. September 1, 1989. p. TV3.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Atherton, Tony (December 4, 2002). "Heat: An original cross-border hit". Ottawa Citizen. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. p. E5. Retrieved October 20, 2018 – via
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Brown, Barry (August 1, 1987). "Tidy Toronto Yields Gritty 'Night Heat'". Chicago Tribune. Chicago, Illinois. Retrieved October 20, 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Baker, Kathryn (August 4, 1987). "'Night Heat' gets prime-time shot". Eau Claire Leader Telegram. Eau Claire, Wisconsin. Associated Press. p. 7B. Retrieved October 20, 2018 – via
  5. ^ a b c Boone, Mike (December 10, 1987). "Night Heat picked best on TV and winner with viewers, too". The Montreal Gazette. Montreal, Quebec, Canada. p. D1. Retrieved October 20, 2018 – via
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Eaton, Anne (August 15, 1987). "Cana-drama has come of age". The Winnipeg Free Press. Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. p. 108. Retrieved October 20, 2018 – via
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Holsopple, Barbara (July 5, 1985). "'Night Heat' warms CBS late-night ratings". The Pittsburgh Press. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. p. C8. Retrieved October 20, 2018 – via
  8. ^ a b Hayden, Bill (October 10, 1985). "Series is the hit that no one knows". Press and Sun-Bulletin. Binghamton, New York. Gannett News Service. p. 2D. Retrieved October 20, 2018 – via
  9. ^ a b c d e O'Connor, John J. (June 12, 1986). "'Night Heat,' police show from Canada on CBS". New York Times. New York, New York. p. Page C21. Retrieved October 20, 2018.
  10. ^ a b c d e f "Canadian Connection". The Winnipeg Free Press - TV Scene (insert). Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. The Canadian Press. September 29, 1984. p. 4. Retrieved October 20, 2018 – via
  11. ^ Hughes, Mike (August 4, 1987). "Prime-time 'Night Heat' episodes retain late-night flavor". Courier-Post. Camden, New Jersey. Gannett News Service. p. 6D. Retrieved October 20, 2018 – via
  12. ^ a b Gault, Carol (April 19, 1986). "Night Heat Gives Hylands the Right Slot". The Globe & Mail. Toronto, Ontario, Canada. p. 7.
  13. ^ a b c d Quigley, Michael (April 19, 1986). "Night Heat a hit on both sides of border". The Montreal Gazette TV Times (insert). Montreal, Quebec, Canada. p. 8. Retrieved October 20, 2018 – via
  14. ^ a b Rothenberg, Fred (January 31, 1985). "Producer of CBS' 'Night Heat' draws from real-life experience". Southern Illinoisan. Carbondale, Illinois. Associated Press. p. 17. Retrieved October 20, 2018 – via
  15. ^ "Canadian Connection". The Winnipeg Free Press - TV Scene (insert). Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. September 29, 1984. p. 5. Retrieved October 20, 2018 – via
  16. ^ a b c d e Boone, Mike (May 23, 1987). "Night Heat cruises on to American prime-time TV". The Montreal Gazette. Montreal, Quebec, Canada. p. H1. Retrieved October 20, 2018 – via
  17. ^ a b c Brown, Barry (August 1, 1987). "Tidy Toronto Yields Gritty 'Night Heat'". Chicago Tribune. Chicago, Illinois. Retrieved October 20, 2018.
  18. ^ a b c d LaPointe, Kirk (December 5, 1985). "Toronto hit cop show disguises nationality". Medicine Hat News. Medicine Hat, Alberta, Canada. The Canadian Press. p. B9. Retrieved October 20, 2018 – via
  19. ^ Dawidziak, Mark (June 30, 1985). "'Night Heat' Keeps its Head Above Water in Late-night Lineup". Orlando Sentinel. Orlando, Florida. Knight-Ridder. Retrieved October 20, 2018.
  20. ^ Prentice, Bill (January 26, 1985). "Night Heat a Landmark Production". The Globe & Mail. Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
  21. ^ a b Gardella, Kay (January 31, 1985). "CBS tries to put heat on 'Tonight'". Daily News. New York, New York. p. 91. Retrieved October 20, 2018 – via
  22. ^ Elie, Paul (July 31, 1987). "'Adderly,' 'Night Heat' make move to primetime". Huntingdon Daily News. Huntingdon, Pennsylvania. p. 16. Retrieved October 20, 2018 – via
  23. ^ Atherton, Tony (December 4, 2002). "The Canadian connection". Ottawa Citizen. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. p. E1. Retrieved October 20, 2018 – via
  24. ^ Smith, Diane (March 29, 1986). "Great Scott". Toronto Star. Toronto, Ontario, Canada. p. S4.
  25. ^ Goudas, John N. (June 1, 1985). "Ex-Cop Enjoys Success as Producer". The Town Talk. Alexandria, Louisiana. p. 44. Retrieved October 20, 2018 – via
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  27. ^ "Canadian Plays For American Network". The Ottawa Journal. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. The Canadian Press. September 20, 1958. p. 41. Retrieved October 20, 2018 – via
  28. ^ "U.S. Critics Expect TV Plays Of CBC To Click". Ottawa Citizen. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. The Canadian Press. October 7, 1958. p. 15. Retrieved October 20, 2018 – via
  29. ^ a b "CBS Gambles on Talk Show with Wheel of Fortune Host". The Montreal Gazette. Montreal, Quebec, Canada. December 30, 1988. p. C7. Retrieved October 20, 2018 – via
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  31. ^ Knutzen, Eirik (April 20, 2002). "TV Talkback". Toronto Star. Toronto, Ontario, Canada. p. S8.
  32. ^ Bawden, Jim (June 16, 1986). "Canadian-made TV Has a Big Booster at CBS". Toronto Star. Toronto, Ontario, Canada. p. D1.
  33. ^ Bawden, Jim (March 24, 1985). "Night Heat". Toronto Star. Toronto, Ontario, Canada. p. G1.
  34. ^ Salutin, Rick (November 21, 1987). "Hollywood North Could be Anytown U.S.A.". The Globe and Mail. Toronto, Ontario, Canada. p. 11.
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  37. ^ "The Gemini winners". The Ottawa Citizen. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. The Canadian Press. December 9, 1987. p. F14. Retrieved October 20, 2018 – via
  38. ^ "The Winners". Nanaimo Daily News. Nanaimo, British Columbia, Canada. The Canadian Press. December 2, 1988. p. 19. Retrieved October 20, 2018 – via
  39. ^ Anderson, Bill (December 1, 1988). "Sequel Sweeps Awards". Winnipeg Free Press. Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. The Canadian Press. p. 52. Retrieved October 20, 2018 – via
  40. ^ "Gemini Award Winners". Winnipeg Free Press. Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. The Canadian Press. December 5, 1989. p. 37. Retrieved October 20, 2018 – via

External linksEdit