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Nicolás Gutiérrez

Lieutenant Colonel Nicolás Gutiérrez was twice acting governor of the northern (Alta) part of Las Californias in 1836, from January to May and July to November.[1]

Nicolás Gutiérrez
Mexico 20th Governor of Alta California (acting)
In office
January 1836 – April 1836
Preceded byJosé Castro
Succeeded byMariano Chico
Mexico 22nd Governor of Alta California (acting)
In office
July 1836 – November 1836
Preceded byMariano Chico
Succeeded byJuan Bautista Alvarado
Personal details

Gutiérrez served two short terms as acting governor of Alta California in 1836, during a very turbulent period in the history of Mexican California.[1] The Siete Leyes reforms to Mexico's government had combined Alta California and the Baja California peninsula into a single departamento under the older Spanish-era name of Las Californias. His term began on January 2, 1836, succeeding acting (ad interim) governor José Castro, and Gutiérrez served as governor ad interim until the arrival of official appointee Mariano Chico. Chico, however, was dismissed for abandoning his post, and Gutiérrez returned to the job in July.

Gutierrez himself was ousted in a coup led by Californios Juan Bautista Alvarado and José Castro, assisted by a group of foreigners led by Isaac Graham, on November 5, 1836. The battle was short and surrender was secured after the firing of just one artillery round at the governor's residence in Monterey. Gutierrez and his cadre of officers were detained at Cabo San Lucas on the English brig Clementine before returning to Mexico.[citation needed]


  1. ^ a b Killea, Lucy Lytle (October 1966). "The Political History of a Mexican Pueblo San Diego from 1825 to 1845—Part II". The Journal of San Diego History. 12 (4). Retrieved 2 December 2010.

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