Nicholas Lechmere, 1st Baron Lechmere

Nicholas Lechmere, 1st Baron Lechmere PC (5 August 1675 – 18 June 1727) was an English lawyer and Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1708 until 1721 when he was raised to the peerage as Baron Lechmere. He served as Attorney-General and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster.

LifeEdit

Lechmere was the second son of Edmund Lechmere of Hanley Castle, Worcestershire, and the younger brother of Anthony Lechmere, MP. He was admitted at Middle Temple in 1693 and called to the bar on 25 October 1698. In 1708, he became King's counsel.[1] He made a profitable career as a lawyer, where he followed the profession of his grandfather Sir Nicholas Lechmere.

Lechmere was elected in a contest as Member of Parliament for Appleby at the 1708 general election. He transferred to Cockermouth at the 1710 general election and was returned MP in contests then and in 1713. He was one of the authors who drafted legislation concerning Scotland in January 1710. He opposed the Tory ministry's peace policy after 1710 and supported Dissenters’ rights. During Queen Anne's reign he was known as a spokesman of the Whigs.[2] In 1714 Lechmere was appointed Solicitor-General and made a Reader of his Inn. In 1715 he became Treasurer of the Inn.[1]

Lechmere was returned unopposed as MP for Cockermouth at the 1715 general election. He replaced his brother as MP for Tewkesbury at a by-election on 12 June 1717. In 1718, he was appointed Attorney-General and also became a Privy Counsellor and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster.[3] On 4 September 1721, having ceased to be attorney-general, he was raised to the peerage as Baron Lechmere of Evesham in the County of Worcester and vacated his seat in the House of Commons.[4]

Lechmere was also a collaborator with Richard Steele on his pamphlet The Crisis.[5]

Lechmere died from a sudden attack of apoplexy, while seated at table, at Campden House, Kensington, on 18 June 1727, and was buried at Hanley Castle, where there is a tablet inscribed to his memory. [5]

FamilyEdit

 
Elizabeth Howard (1701-1739) (George Knapton, circa 1830)

Lechmere married Lady Elizabeth Howard, daughter of Charles Howard, 3rd Earl of Carlisle in 1719, but they had no children and his title became extinct on his death in 1727.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Hutchinson, John (2003). A Catalogue of Notable Middle Templars: With Brief Biographical Notices. The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd, Clark, New Jersey. p. 143. ISBN 1-58477-323-5.
  2. ^ a b "LECHMERE, Nicholas (1675-1727), of the Middle Temple". History of Parliament Online (1690-1715). Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  3. ^ "LECHMERE, Nicholas (1675-1727), of the Middle Temple, London". History of Parliament Online (1715-1754). Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  4. ^ "No. 5984". The London Gazette. 22 August 1721. p. 1.
  5. ^ a b Walford 1892.

External linksEdit

  • Burke's Extinct Peerage (London: Henry Colburn & Richard Bentley, 1831)
  • D. Hayton, E. Cruickshanks, S. Handley, eds. The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1690-1715 LECHMERE, Nicholas (1675-1727), of the Middle Temple 2002 Boydell and Brewer
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
James Grahme
William Harvey
Member of Parliament for Appleby
1708–1710
With: Edward Duncombe
Succeeded by
Edward Duncombe
Thomas Lutwyche
Preceded by
James Stanhope
Albemarle Bertie
Member of Parliament for Cockermouth
1710–1717
With: James Stanhope 1710–1713
Joseph Musgrave 1713–1715
James Stanhope 1715–1717
Sir Thomas Pengelly 1717
Succeeded by
Sir Thomas Pengelly
Lord Percy Seymour
Preceded by
William Dowdeswell
Anthony Lechmere
Member of Parliament for Tewkesbury
1717–1721
With: William Dowdeswell
Succeeded by
William Dowdeswell
The Viscount Gage
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Baron Lechmere
1721–1727
Extinct
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Robert Raymond
Solicitor-General
1714–1715
Succeeded by
John Fortescue Aland
Preceded by
Sir Edward Northey
Attorney-General
1718–1720
Succeeded by
Sir Robert Raymond
Preceded by
The Earl of Scarbrough
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
1718–1727
Succeeded by
The Duke of Rutland

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainWalford, Edward (1892). "Lechmere, Nicholas (1675-1727)". In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 32. London: Smith, Elder & Co.