Niccola Clarelli Parracciani

Niccola Clarelli Parracciani (12 April 1799 – 7 July 1872) was a Catholic Cardinal and was Arch-Priest of St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican.


Niccola Clarelli Parracciani
Archpriest of Saint Peter's Basilica
Niccola Clarelli Paracciani (detail).jpg
The cardinal pictured circa 1860.
ChurchRoman Catholic Church
Appointed8 October 1870
Term ended7 July 1872
PredecessorMario Mattei
SuccessorEdoardo Borromeo
Other posts
Orders
Ordination1 June 1822
Consecration11 February 1844
by Pope Gregory XVI
Created cardinal22 January 1844
by Pope Gregory XVI
RankCardinal-Priest (1844–67)
Cardinal-Bishop (1867–72)
Personal details
Birth nameNiccola Clarelli Parracciani
Born12 April 1799
Rieti, Papal States
Died7 July 1872(1872-07-07) (aged 73)
Vico Equense, Kingdom of Italy
ParentsGiuseppe Clarelli
Teresa Parracciani
Previous post
Alma materPontifical Academy of Ecclesiastical Nobles

He was also Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Prefect of the Congregation for Bishops and Secretary of the Roman Curia.

Personal lifeEdit

Clarelli was born on 12 April 1799 in Rieti. He was educated at the Archgymnasium of Rome where he received a doctorate in utroque iuris, both civil and canon law on 8 July 1822.

While completing his education, was ordained as a Priest on 1 June 1822 at age 23. He then attended the Pontifical Academy of Ecclesiastical Nobles to study diplomacy. He spent time as the Privy chamberlain to Pope Pius VII in 1819.[1]

Ordination as Bishop and CardinalEdit

Clarelli was ordained as a Bishop in January 1844, was elevated to Cardinal and was appointed Cardinal-Priest of San Pietro in Vincoli.

In February 1844 he was appointed Bishop of Montefiascone and was consecrated at the patriarchal Vatican Basilica by Pope Gregory XVI. He resigned from this position in 1854.[2]

Vatican serviceEdit

In 1860, Clarelli was appointed Secretary of the Congregation for the Erection of Churches and Consistorial Provisions, the equivalent of the modern role of Prefect of the Congregation for Bishops.

In 1863, he was appointed Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals and Secretary of the Roman Curia. He was appointed Cardinal-Bishop of Frascati in 1867 and in 1870 was appointed Arch-Priest of St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican. Clarelli participated in the Papal Conclave of 1846 which elected Pope Pius IX and the First Vatican Council in 1869 and 1870.

Death and burialEdit

Clarelli died on 7 July 1872 at Vico Equense and was temporarily buried there.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Fabio Maria Asquini
Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals
1863–1864
Succeeded by
Domenico Carafa di Traetto
Preceded by
Antonio Maria Cagiano de Azevedo
Cardinal-Bishop of Frascati
1867–1872
Succeeded by
Filippo Maria Guidi
Preceded by
Mario Mattei
Arch-Priest of St. Peter's Basilica
1870–1872
Succeeded by
Edoardo Borromeo