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New Valley Governorate or El Wadi El Gedid Governorate (Egyptian Arabic: محافظة الوادي الجديد[moˈħɑfzet elˈwæːdi lɡɪˈdiːd], Muḥāfẓet El Wādī El Ǧedīd) is one of the governorates of Egypt. It is in the southwestern part of the country, in Egypt's Western Desert (part of the Sahara Desert), between the Nile, northern Sudan, and southeastern Libya.

New Valley Governorate
Flag of New Valley Governorate
Flag
Official logo of New Valley Governorate
New Valley Governorate on the map of Egypt
New Valley Governorate on the map of Egypt
Coordinates: 24°32′44″N 27°10′24″E / 24.54556°N 27.17333°E / 24.54556; 27.17333Coordinates: 24°32′44″N 27°10′24″E / 24.54556°N 27.17333°E / 24.54556; 27.17333
Country Egypt
SeatKharga (capital)
Government
 • GovernorMohammed Salman Mousa Al-Zamlout[2]
Area
 • Total376,505 km2 (145,369 sq mi)
Population
 (January 2018)
 • Total245,000[1]
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
HDI (2017)0.701[3]
high
Websitehttp://www.newvalley.gov.eg/
Kharga Oasis, with the Temple of Hibis; the Western Desert cliffs at the back

Consisting of roughly a third of Egypt's area, this spacious governorate is the country's largest and one of the biggest subnational divisions on the African continent, as well as the world. At 440,098 square kilometers in area, New Valley Governorate is just slightly larger than the country of Iraq. The capital is at the Kharga Oasis.

Contents

Municipal divisionsEdit

The governorate is divided into municipal divisions with a total estimated population as of July 2017 of 242,300. In the case of New Valley governorate, there is one kism with urban and rural parts, and four marakiz.[4][5]

Municipal Divisions
Anglicized name Native name Arabic transliteration Population
(July 2017 Est.)
Type
Kharga قسم الواحات الخارجة Al-Wāḥāt al-Khārijah 90,650 Kism (urban and rural parts)
Balat مركز بلاط Balāṭ 12,268 Markaz
Dakhla مركز شرطة الداخلة Shurṭah al-Dākhlah 89,868 Markaz
Farafra مركز شرطة الفرافرة Shurṭah al-Farāfirah 35,899 Markaz
Baris مركز شرطة باريس Shurṭah Bārīs 13,615 Markaz

In an effort to decentralize the administration of Kharga, it was divided into four sections effective 19 June, 2018.[6]

PopulationEdit

According to population estimates, in 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate lived in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 48.0%. Out of an estimated 225,416 people residing in the governorate, 117,180 people lived in rural areas and only 108,236 lived in urban areas.[7][8]

According to population estimates, in 2018 the population was 245,000, with an urbanization rate of 46.7%.[9]

Cities, towns, oasesEdit

New Valley has a number of cities, towns and oases. As of 2018, Kharga Oasis, and Dakhla Oasis were the two places in New Valley with a population of over 15,000. Farafra Oasis and Baris Oasis are also in New Valley.[10]

Cities and towns with over 15,000 inhabitants
Anglicized name Native name Arabic transliteration Nov. 1996 Census Nov. 2006 Census Population
(July 2017 Est.)
Kharga Oasis الخارجة Al-Khārijah 49,446 60,584 72,558
Dakhla الداخلة Mūṭ (Ad-Dākhlah) 16,252 20,439 23,415

Industrial zonesEdit

According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:[11]

  • Al Kharga
  • Heavy industrial zone - El Dakhla
  • Heavy industrial zone - Wadi Waer West
 
Wadi Sura Swimmers

HistoryEdit

2011 Egyptian revolution

Violent clashes were reported in the New Valley Governorate on February 8–9, 2011 as part of the 2011 Egyptian revolution. Protesters set fire to police stations and the National Democratic Party building. Multiple deaths were reported in addition to hundreds of injuries amid claims that the police opened fire on protesters in Kharga Oasis with live ammunition.[12][13]

IndustryEdit

  • Manufacturing of palm dates
  • Tourism and safaris
  • Agricultural activities (around oases)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population Estimates By Governorate ( Urban /Rural ) 1/1/2018". www.capmas.gov.eg. Archived from the original on 2018-11-02. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  2. ^ "رسمياً.. المحافظون الجدد ونوابهم يؤدون اليمين الدستورية أمام الرئيس". Almasry Alyoum (in Arabic). 30 August 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-08-31. Retrieved 2018-08-31.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. ^ "New Valley Governorate Subdivisions". CityPopulation.de. Archived from the original on 2018-11-24. Retrieved 2018-11-23.
  5. ^ "Markazes of Egypt". statoids.com. Gwillim Law. Archived from the original on 2017-10-19. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  6. ^ "Divide the city of Kharja into 4 districts and appoint its chiefs". El Watane News (in Arabic). 19 June 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-11-25. Retrieved 2018-11-24.
  7. ^ "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-10-19. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  8. ^ "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-10-19. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
  9. ^ "Egypt in Figures 2018". Archived from the original on 2018-11-02.
  10. ^ "Cities". CityPopulation.de. Archived from the original on 2018-10-05. Retrieved 2018-11-24.
  11. ^ "Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Archived from the original on 2018-11-23. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-23. Retrieved 2011-02-09.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ Fahim, Kareem. "Protesters in Egypt Regain Initiative as Workers Strike." The New York Times. 2/9/2011. Accessed 2/9/2011. https://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/10/world/middleeast/10egypt.html?_r=1&hp Archived 2018-06-12 at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit