New Space (Uruguay)

New Space (Spanish: Nuevo Espacio) is a moderate social democratic party in Uruguay.

New Space
Nuevo Espacio
LeaderRafael Michelini
FounderRafael Michelini
Founded6 August 1994; 27 years ago (1994-08-06)
HeadquartersEduardo Acevedo 1615 Montevideo, Uruguay
IdeologySocial democracy
Third Way
Political positionCentre[1] to centre-left[2][3]
National affiliationFrente Amplio
International affiliationSocialist International


The party was founded in 1994 by Senator Rafael Michelini. It was born as a split of the centrist Party for the Government of the People (Partido por el Gobierno del Pueblo, PGB), whose leader was the former Vice-President Hugo Batalla, when the party decided to join the traditional liberal Colorado Party for the 1994 Uruguayan general election. "New Space" had originally been the name of an electoral alliance formed after the more centrist elements of the Broad Front had left the centre-left alliance, which they deemed too strongly dominated by the Marxist elements, in 1989 and included notably the PGB and the Christian Democratic Party (PDCU).[4][5]

While the PDCU returned to the Broad Front in 1994,[4] the New Space party ran separately, as the fourth force behind the two traditional ruling parties and the Broad Front. It obtained five seats in the Chamber of Deputies and one Senator. In 1999, the party was returned four deputies and its Senator. Michelini who ran as the party's presidential candidate won 4.4% of the vote.[6] The party positioned itself in the political center and won most of its supporters among the lower-middle and lower classes.[1]

In 2001, the New Space decided to re-join the Broad Front for the 2004 campaign. As a result, there was a new crack in the party's board. The Independent Party emerged, led by Deputy Pablo Mieres. The New Space has supported the governments of Presidents Tabaré Vázquez (2005–2010, 2015–2020) and José Mujica (2010–2015). In 2009, the New Space, alongside Uruguay Assembly and Progressive Alliance, founded the Liber Seregni Front as a moderate social democratic sub-group within the Broad Front.

The New Space party has been a member of the Socialist International since shortly after its foundation.

Electoral historyEdit

Presidential electionsEdit

Due to its membership in the Broad Front, the party has endorsed the candidates of other parties on several occasions. Presidential elections in Uruguay are held using a two-round system, the results of which are displayed below.

Election Party candidate Running mate Votes % Votes % Result
First Round Second Round
1994 Rafael Michelini Héctor Pérez Pereira 104,773 5.2% Lost  N
1999 Pablo Mieres 97,943 4.4% Lost  N
2004 Tabaré Vázquez Rodolfo Nin Novoa 1,124,761 51.7% Elected  Y
2009 José Mujica Danilo Astori 1,105,262 47.96% 1,197,638 54.63% Elected  Y
2014 Tabaré Vázquez Raúl Sendic 1,134,187 47.81% 1,226,105 53.48% Elected  Y
2019 Daniel Martínez Graciela Villar 949,376 40.49% 1,152,271 49.21% Lost  N

External linksEdit


  1. ^ a b Casas-Zamora, Kevin (2005), Paying for Democracy: Political Finance and State Funding for Parties, ECPR Press, p. 94
  2. ^ Mainwaring, Scott; Scully, Timothy R. (1995), "Party Systems in Latin America", Building Democratic Institutions, Stanford University Press, p. 30
  3. ^ Mainwaring, Scott; Scully, Timothy R. (2003), "The Diversity of Christian Democracy in latin America", Christian Democracy in Latin America: Electoral Competition and Regime Conflicts, Stanford University Press, p. 49
  4. ^ a b Casas-Zamora, Kevin (2005), Paying for Democracy: Political Finance and State Funding for Parties, ECPR Press, p. 89
  5. ^ Renkin, Aidan (1998), "Why Are There No Local Politics in Uruguay", Urban Elections in Democratic Latin America, Scholarly Resources, p. 242
  6. ^ Calvert, Peter (2004), A Political and Economic Dictionary of Latin America, Europa Publications, p. 295