New Durham, New Hampshire

New Durham is a town in Strafford County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 2,693 at the 2020 census.[2] It is drained by the Merrymeeting, Cocheco and Ela rivers, and is known for Merrymeeting Lake. New Durham is home to the Powder Mill Fish Hatchery, located on Merrymeeting Road. Also located here is the Lions Club's Camp Pride, a camp for children and adults with special needs.

New Durham, New Hampshire
Town
Free Will Baptist Church
Official seal of New Durham, New Hampshire
Location in Strafford County, New Hampshire
Location in Strafford County, New Hampshire
Coordinates: 43°26′05″N 71°09′50″W / 43.43472°N 71.16389°W / 43.43472; -71.16389Coordinates: 43°26′05″N 71°09′50″W / 43.43472°N 71.16389°W / 43.43472; -71.16389
CountryUnited States
StateNew Hampshire
CountyStrafford
Incorporated1762
Villages
  • New Durham
  • New Durham Corner
Government
 • Board of Selectmen
  • Marc DeCoff, Chair
  • Rudy Rosiello
  • Dot Veisel
 • Town AdministratorNicole Zoltko
Area
 • Total43.8 sq mi (113.5 km2)
 • Land41.2 sq mi (106.7 km2)
 • Water2.6 sq mi (6.8 km2)  5.98%
Elevation
544 ft (166 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total2,693
 • Density65/sq mi (25.2/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
03855
Area code603
FIPS code33-51220
GNIS feature ID0873677
Websitewww.newdurhamnh.us

HistoryEdit

Granted by the Masonian Proprietors in 1749 as "Cochecho Township", New Durham was first settled by Europeans in 1750, almost entirely by colonists from Durham. It would be incorporated as "New Durham" on December 7, 1762. With a somewhat uneven and rocky surface, the town was better suited to grazing than cultivation. Lumber became the chief article of trade, and by 1859 New Durham had five sawmills and four shingle mills. It also had two gristmills, and a gunpowder factory called the Eureka Powder Works.[3] On September 19, 1849, the Cocheco Railroad opened through the town, connecting Dover with Alton Bay.[4]

An early town minister, Reverend Benjamin Randall, founded a new religious denomination in 1780 called the Free Will Baptists, later known as Free Baptists. The church has two buildings in the community, the older built in 1819 on New Durham Ridge.[3]

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 43.8 square miles (113.5 km2), of which 41.2 square miles (106.7 km2) are land and 2.6 square miles (6.8 km2) are water, comprising 5.98% of the town.[1] The southern part of the town is drained by the headwaters of the Cocheco River and its tributary, the Ela River, and is part of the Piscataqua River watershed, flowing to the Atlantic Ocean at Portsmouth. The northern part of town is home to Merrymeeting Lake and its outlet, the Merrymeeting River, which flows west to Lake Winnipesaukee and is part of the Merrimack River watershed. The highest point in town (and in Strafford County) is 1,700 feet (520 m) above sea level, on the western slope of Copple Crown Mountain, along the town's eastern border. The mountain's 1,868-foot (569 m) summit is in the neighboring town of Brookfield, in Carroll County.

New Durham is served by New Hampshire Route 11.

Adjacent municipalitiesEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790554
180074233.9%
181088819.7%
18201,16831.5%
18301,162−0.5%
18401,032−11.2%
18501,0491.6%
18601,17311.8%
1870973−17.1%
1880772−20.7%
1890579−25.0%
19006257.9%
1910523−16.3%
1920462−11.7%
1930448−3.0%
1940433−3.3%
19504636.9%
19604742.4%
197058323.0%
19801,183102.9%
19901,97466.9%
20002,22012.5%
20102,63818.8%
20202,6932.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 2,220 people, 819 households, and 630 families residing in the town. The population density was 53.2 people per square mile (20.6/km2). There were 1,309 housing units at an average density of 31.4 per square mile (12.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.15% White, 0.23% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.54% Asian, 0.27% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.41% of the population.

There were 819 households, out of which 36.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.2% were married couples living together, 4.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.0% were non-families. 17.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 27.3% under the age of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 32.8% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 107.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $52,270, and the median income for a family was $52,941. Males had a median income of $35,574 versus $28,092 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,139. About 3.7% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.9% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over.

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "2021 U.S. Gazetteer Files – New Hampshire". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2022.
  2. ^ "Census - Geography Profile: New Durham town, Strafford County, New Hampshire". Retrieved December 24, 2021.
  3. ^ a b Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts: A.J. Coolidge. pp. 596–597. coolidge mansfield history description new england 1859.
  4. ^ Report of the Directors of the Boston & Maine Railroad to the Stockholders, September 12, 1849
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  6. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. ^ 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1901,' Biographical Sketch of Alfred Miles Jones, pg. 739

External linksEdit