The New Brunswick Hawks were a professional ice hockey team based in Moncton, New Brunswick. Home games were played at the Moncton Coliseum. They were a member of the American Hockey League (AHL) between 1978 and 1982. The Hawks operated as a minor league affiliate of the Chicago Black Hawks and the Toronto Maple Leafs, with a winning record each of four seasons.

New Brunswick Hawks
CityMoncton, New Brunswick
LeagueAmerican Hockey League
Home arenaMoncton Coliseum
Owner(s)Maple Leaf Gardens Limited &
Chicago Black Hawks
AffiliatesChicago Black Hawks &
Toronto Maple Leafs
Franchise history
1978–1982New Brunswick Hawks
1982–1986St. Catharines Saints
1986–1991Newmarket Saints
1991–2005St. John's Maple Leafs
2005–presentToronto Marlies
Regular season titles1 (1981–82)
Division titles2 (1979–80, 1981–82)
Calder Cups1 (1981–82)

The Hawks won the F. G. "Teddy" Oke Trophy twice for regular season division championships in 1979–80, and 1981–82. New Brunswick finished first overall in 1981–82, and won the Calder Cup by defeating the Binghamton Whalers four games to one in the finals. In the summer of 1982, the Black Hawks pulled out of the team and the Maple Leafs moved the franchise to St. Catharines, Ontario to establish the St. Catharines Saints as their farm team. However, the same off-season the Edmonton Oilers purchased an AHL franchise and formed the Moncton Alpines to replace the departed team.

History edit

A New Brunswick Hawks jersey on display

The Moncton-based New Brunswick Hawks were established in 1978 as members of the American Hockey League (AHL),[1] and were jointly operated by the Chicago Black Hawks and the Toronto Maple Leafs as their farm team.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7] Maple Leaf Gardens Limited (MLGL) and the Black Hawks each owned half of the franchise.[8][9][10][11]

By 1980, Harold Ballard, owner of the Leafs, had decided that they needed a developmental team of their own,[9] with a spokesperson citing the limited number of roster spots as the rationale for the move.[2][3] MLGL launched the Cincinnati Tigers in the old Central Hockey League in 1981 to serve as their own affiliate, while retaining their share of the New Brunswick Hawks.[2][3][8][12][13][14] However, after the Tigers averaged only 1,500 fans and lost $750,000 in their first season, the Leafs folded the Tigers in the spring of 1982.[4][12][13][15][16] That same summer, with Chicago having already pulled out of New Brunswick in favour of affiliating with the Springfield Indians on their own,[4][13][16][17] the Maple Leafs announced that they would not operate the team in Moncton the following year after they couldn't come to terms with the city on a new arena lease,[4][13][17] even though the team had the fifth highest attendance in the league.[18]

The Maple Leafs wanted to relocate the team closer to Toronto, with both St. Catharines and Niagara Falls in Ontario potential destinations for the franchise.[12][15][19] When MLGL applied to the AHL to relocate the New Brunswick Hawks to St. Catharines, the nearby Buffalo Sabres initially blocked the move due to objections to a team moving into their territory without prior discussions with them.[13][20][21][22][23][24] However, following protests by fans in St. Catharines[25] and threats by Ballard to suspend the Moncton franchise to prevent another AHL team from playing in the city[13] and to sue the Sabres and NHL for $20 million,[22][23] the relocation was approved unanimously and the franchise became the St. Catharines Saints, serving as the Maple Leafs' primary affiliate.[12][20][23][26][27] At the same AHL Board of Governors meeting, the Edmonton Oilers received approval to purchase a new AHL franchise to replace the departed Hawks in Moncton,[20][23][26][27] leading to establishment of the Moncton Alpines as their affiliate that fall.[27][28]

Coaches edit

Players edit

Rocky Saganiuk won the Les Cunningham Award in 1978–79 as the league's Most Valuable Player, in its inaugural season. The following season in 1979–80, Darryl Sutter won the Dudley "Red" Garrett Memorial Award as Rookie of the Year. Sutter went on to have a career in the NHL, with the Chicago Blackhawks. He later became head coach of the Los Angeles Kings. Four different players were honoured in 1981–82 with league awards. Mike Kaszycki won three awards, the Les Cunningham Award as most valuable player, the John B. Sollenberger Trophy as top scorer, and the Fred T. Hunt Memorial Award for sportsmanship and perseverance. Dave Farrish was voted top defenceman winning the Eddie Shore Award, and goaltenders Bob Janecyk & Warren Skorodenski won the Harry "Hap" Holmes Memorial Award for the league's lowest goals against average. Jack O'Callahan, who was a member of the 1980 Winter Olympics United States "Miracle on Ice" national team, played two seasons for the New Brunswick Hawks before playing for the Chicago Blackhawks in the NHL.

Season-by-season results edit

Regular season edit

Season Games Won Lost Tied Points Goals
1978–79 80 41 29 10 92 315 288 2nd, North
1979–80 79 44 27 8 96 325 271 1st, North
1980–81 80 37 33 10 84 317 298 2nd, North
1981–82 80 48 21 11 107 338 227 1st, North

Playoffs edit

Season 1st round 2nd round Finals
1978–79 L, 2-3, Nova Scotia
1979–80 W, 4-1, Adirondack W, 4-2, Maine L, 2-4, Hershey
1980–81 W, 4-2, Nova Scotia L, 3-4, Maine
1981–82 W, 3-2, Adirondack W, 4-1, Nova Scotia W, 4-1, Binghamton

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b "Sports roundup". The Globe and Mail. June 24, 1978.
  2. ^ a b c "Leafs get new farm club in Central Hockey League". The Globe and Mail. June 24, 1981.
  3. ^ a b c Campbell, Neil (June 17, 1981). "Cincinnati may get Leaf farm team". The Globe and Mail.
  4. ^ a b c d "Leaf team to leave Moncton". Toronto Star. June 2, 1982.
  5. ^ Houston, William (February 9, 1982). "Hockey notebook Dull Sabres have pundits speculating". The Globe and Mail.
  6. ^ "Sports roundup". The Globe and Mail. July 8, 1978.
  7. ^ "Leafs, Hawks to Moncton". Toronto Star. June 20, 1978.
  8. ^ a b Houston, William (March 31, 1982). "'Everything has price,' Ballard says; it's $50 million for Leafs. Gardens". The Globe and Mail.
  9. ^ a b "Ballard wants Leafs to have own farm club". The Globe and Mail. March 21, 1980.
  10. ^ "Across Canada: No liquor licence for Leafs-Hawks farm club". The Globe and Mail. November 9, 1978.
  11. ^ "AHL Hawks get Tessier". The Globe and Mail. August 22, 1981.
  12. ^ a b c d "Leafs place AHL team in St. Kitts". The Globe and Mail. June 22, 1982.
  13. ^ a b c d e f Campbell, Neil (July 6, 1982). "AHL rejects shift of Leaf farm club". The Globe and Mail.
  14. ^ "Saints set for debut in Garden City Arena". The Globe and Mail. October 9, 1982.
  15. ^ a b Campbell, Neil (June 11, 1982). "Salming wins Conacher award Niagara may get Leaf farm team". The Globe and Mail.
  16. ^ a b Campbell, Neil (May 28, 1982). "It's musical chairs on ice as CHL franchises switch". The Globe and Mail.
  17. ^ a b "Leafs to move AHL franchise". The Globe and Mail. June 2, 1982.
  18. ^ Campbell, Neil (June 3, 1982). "Fans fail to save Hawks". The Globe and Mail.
  19. ^ Houston, William (June 8, 1982). "Ballard stymies Canadian division". The Globe and Mail.
  20. ^ a b c "AHL adds three teams in expansion". The Globe and Mail. July 24, 1982.
  21. ^ "Sports lines". Pittsburgh Press. July 23, 1982.
  22. ^ a b "Sabres settle dispute with Leafs". Montreal Gazette. July 23, 1982.
  23. ^ a b c d Kane, Mike (July 24, 1982). "Red Wings return to North as AHL swells to 13 teams". Schenectady Gazette.
  24. ^ "Sabres won't oppose move". Observer–Reporter. Associated Press. July 23, 1982.
  25. ^ Herod, Doug (August 17, 2013). "We really cared about Saints — or so we thought". St. Catharines Standard. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved January 26, 2014.
  26. ^ a b McMillan, Tom (July 24, 1982). "Sports briefing". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.
  27. ^ a b c Leger, Normand (July 26, 1982). "Oilers a Moncton - Les details connus cette semaine". L'Évangéline.
  28. ^ ""Les Alpines": club ferme des Oilers". L'Évangéline. August 3, 1982.