Rookie of the Year (award)
A Rookie of the Year award is given by a number of sports leagues to the top-performing athlete in his or her first season within the league. Athletes competing for the first time in any given league are also known as "rookies".
The honor is awarded annually to the top rookie performers in:
Award outside North AmericaEdit
Some rookie of the year awards exist outside North America, one example being the Elitserien Rookie of the Year in Swedish ice hockey.
The North American sports development system delays athletes' entry into the top level of professional sports until the best of them are ready to make a major impact in their first season. The typical development path varies by sport:
- American football – Essentially all future professionals spend anywhere from three to five years in college programs, playing for a maximum of four years, before becoming eligible for professional play.
- Canadian football – Similar to American football, with players drawn from both Canadian university programs and U.S. college football.
- Basketball – Almost all American players now spend at least one year in college basketball because of recent changes in NBA rules. Although the NBA has its own minor league, virtually all players in that league come from the college ranks as well.
- Baseball – While college baseball plays a role in player development, it is significantly less than that of the extensive, and fully professional (bordering on semi-professional at the lowest level), minor league baseball system. Almost all players, whether or not they play college baseball, will spend several years in the minors before making a major-league team.
- Hockey – In Canada, a large majority of future NHL players develop as juniors in the professional Canadian Hockey League. While some American players opt for the CHL (which has some American teams), most choose college hockey. In either case, only the very top prospects will graduate immediately from the CHL or NCAA to the NHL; most will spend some time in an NHL team's minor-league system.
However, in other parts of the world, it is usual for clubs to train their own players and introduce them into the first team gradually. Occasionally, young players who show extraordinary talent are introduced to the first team during their teens, with notable examples being Wayne Rooney in association football and Ricky Rubio in basketball.
To reflect this difference Young player of the year awards with an upper age limit usually somewhere in the early 20s, are more common elsewhere, e.g. soccer's FIFPro World Young Player of the Year.
Sports Rookie of the Year awardsEdit
- Major League Baseball (in each league)
- Esurance MLB Awards Best Rookie (in MLB)
- Players Choice Awards Outstanding Rookie (in each league)
- Baseball America
- Baseball Prospectus Internet Baseball Awards
- Sporting News (from 1963 through 2003, there were two categories: Rookie Pitcher of the Year and Rookie Player of the Year)
- Baseball America All-Rookie Team
- Topps All-Star Rookie Team
- MLB Rookie of the Month Award
- Chinese Professional Baseball League (Chinese Taipei: Republic of China)
- Japan Professional Baseball
- Korea Baseball Organization
- National Basketball Association
- NBA Development League Rookie of the Year Award
- WNBA Rookie of the Year Award
- NBL (Australia) Rookie of the Year
- Philippine Basketball Association Rookie of the Year award
- Canadian Hockey League
- Central Hockey League
- International Hockey League
- National Hockey League
- Quebec Major Junior Hockey League