Neulingen

Neulingen is a municipality in the Enz district in Baden-Württemberg in Germany. It was created on 1 January 1974 from the three independent villages of Bauschlott, Göbrichen, and Nußbaum. It is located on Bertha Benz Memorial Route.

Neulingen
Göbrichen
Göbrichen
Coat of arms of Neulingen
Coat of arms
Location of Neulingen within Enzkreis district
Neulingen im Enzkreis.png
Neulingen is located in Germany
Neulingen
Neulingen
Neulingen is located in Baden-Württemberg
Neulingen
Neulingen
Coordinates: 48°58′6″N 8°43′29″E / 48.96833°N 8.72472°E / 48.96833; 8.72472Coordinates: 48°58′6″N 8°43′29″E / 48.96833°N 8.72472°E / 48.96833; 8.72472
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionKarlsruhe
DistrictEnzkreis
Area
 • Total23.20 km2 (8.96 sq mi)
Elevation
325 m (1,066 ft)
Population
 (2019-12-31)[1]
 • Total6,673
 • Density290/km2 (740/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
75245
Dialling codes07237
Vehicle registrationPF (Enzkreis)
Websitewww.neulingen.de

HistoryEdit

Bauschlott and Göbrichen were long-time possessions of the Margraviate and later Grand Duchy of Baden, but Nussbaum belonged to first Herrenalb Abbey and then the Kingdom of Württemberg until being ceded to Baden by treaty on 17 October 1806. Upon annexation, Nussbaum joined the other two towns in the district of Stein. The three were reassigned on 25 May 1821 to the district of Pforzheim, which became Landkreis Pforzheim [de] on 25 June 1939. On 1 January 1973, as part of the 1973 Baden-Württemberg district reform [de], the Enz district was created and Bauschlott, Nussbaum, and Göbrichen were assigned to it. The next year, the three towns merged to form the municipality of Neulingen. The latter town changed its name to Neulingen, after a nearby village named neither Nidlingen or Neidlingen that had ceased to exist in the 14th century.[2]

GeographyEdit

The municipality (Gemeinde) of Neulingen covers 23.19 square kilometers (8.95 sq mi) of the Enz district of Baden-Württemberg, a state of the Federal Republic of Germany. It is located entirely within the Kraichgau, specifically on the Bauschlotter Plateau [de], and so its geography is made up by the region's characteristic loess-coated, forested and karstified hills of muschelkalk. Elevation above sea level within the municipal area varies from a low of 232 meters (761 ft) Normalnull (NN) to a high of 365 meters (1,198 ft) NN.[2]

Nature reservesEdit

The Bauschlotter Schlosspark, Neulingen sinkholes [de], and Bauschlotter Au [de] Federally-protected nature reserves are located within Neulingen's municipal area.[2]

Coat of armsEdit

Neulingen's municipal coat of arms displays a field of red crossed by a diagonal gold bar, a reference to the House of Zähringen, who ruled the Margraviate and later Grand Duchy of Baden, though the tincture is inverted. The items on this pattern are references to the three towns that merged to form Neulingen. The two black diamonds inside the bar are from Nußbaum, while the golden 'G' above it and the sester below it are from Göbrichen and Bauschlott respectively. The municipal coat of arms was approved by the Enz district office on 15 June 1984.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2019". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). September 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d "Neulingen". LEO-BW (in German). Baden-Württemberg. Retrieved 23 June 2020.

External linksEdit