Open main menu

Nebra (official name: Nebra (Unstrut)) is a town in the district of Burgenlandkreis of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. It is situated on the river Unstrut. Nebra has become nationally and internationally known as the site where the Nebra sky disc, a notable Bronze Age artifact, was discovered. The town has a population of around 3,300.

Nebra
Coat of arms of Nebra
Coat of arms
Location of Nebra (Unstrut) within Burgenlandkreis district
SaxonyThuringiaSaxony-AnhaltSaalekreisAn der PoststraßeMeinewehBad BibraBalgstädtBurgwerbenDehlitzDeubenDroyßigEckartsbergaElsteraueFinneFinnelandFreyburgGleinaGoseckGröbenGröbitzGroßkorbethaGutenbornHohenmölsenKaiserpfalzKaiserpfalzKarsdorfKrauschwitzKretzschauLanitz-Hassel-TalLaucha an der UnstrutLeißlingLützenMertendorfMolauer LandNaumburgNebraNessaOsterfeldPrittitzReichardtswerbenReinsdorfSchkortlebenSchnaudertalSchönburgSössenStorkau, WeißenfelsStößenTagewerbenTeuchernTrebnitzWeißenfelsWengelsdorfWethauWetterzeubeZeitzZorbauNebra in BLK.svg
About this image
Nebra is located in Germany
Nebra
Nebra
Nebra is located in Saxony-Anhalt
Nebra
Nebra
Coordinates: 51°17′N 11°34′E / 51.283°N 11.567°E / 51.283; 11.567Coordinates: 51°17′N 11°34′E / 51.283°N 11.567°E / 51.283; 11.567
CountryGermany
StateSaxony-Anhalt
DistrictBurgenlandkreis
Municipal assoc.Unstruttal
Government
 • MayorAntje Scheschinski (Ind.)
Area
 • Total25.42 km2 (9.81 sq mi)
Elevation
50 m (160 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total3,127
 • Density120/km2 (320/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
06642
Dialling codes034461
Vehicle registrationBLK
Websitewww.stadt-nebra.de

GeographyEdit

LocationEdit

Nebra lies between Querfurt and Naumburg on the Unstrut river in the west of Burgenlandkreis district.

SubdivisionsEdit

Locality Population
Nebra 2467
Reinsdorf 551
Wangen 551

Neighboring communitiesEdit

Neighboring towns are Querfurt, Barnstädt and Steigra (all three in Saalekreis) to the north, Karsdorf to the east, Bad Bibra to the south and Kaiserpfalz to the west.

HistoryEdit

 
Nebra Sky Disk, a famous artifact of the Bronze Age
 
New Castle of Nebra

In 1962, four Magdalenian figurines were found near Nebra from the late Upper Paleolithic, which belong to the oldest known artwork in Saxony-Anhalt. The figures are 12,000 to 14,000 years old.

The town is perhaps most famous due to the Nebra sky disk, which was found in Wangen near Nebra in 1999. It only became public in 2002 when the finders tried to sell it and were eventually arrested following a sting operation in Basel, Switzerland. The sky disc is thought to have been created between 2100 and 1700 BCE and to have been buried in approximately 1600 BCE.

The oldest historical documents mentioning Nebra date back to 876. Town privileges were acquired in the 12th century.

Nebra Castle was built in 1540 by the von Nißmitz brothers.

For many centuries, red sandstone was mined in the region which was used for castles and farmhouses.

Between 1952 and 1994, Nebra was the seat of the Nebra municipality in Halle district.

The name of the town was changed on 1 January 1998, from Nebra to Nebra (Unstrut).

On 1 July 2009 the previously separate village of Wangen was merged with Nebra,[2] and on 1 September 2010 the village Reinsdorf was annexed.[3]

Nebra today features the Courths-Mahler archives and Arche Nebra, a museum on the history of the Nebra sky disk. The sky disc itself is exhibited at the Halle State Museum of Prehistory.

Notable peopleEdit

 
Hedwig Courths-Mahler around 1900

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden – Stand: 31. Dezember 2018" (PDF). Statistisches Landesamt Sachsen-Anhalt (in German).
  2. ^ StBA: Änderungen bei den Gemeinden Deutschlands, siehe 2009, 2. Liste
  3. ^ StBA: Änderungen bei den Gemeinden Deutschlands, siehe 2010

External linksEdit

  Media related to Nebra (Unstrut) at Wikimedia Commons