Nawab Muzaffar Khan

Nawab Muzaffar Khan Sadozai (Pashto, Urdu: مظفر خان سدوزئی) was an afghan governor of Multan. He was son of Shuja Khan, and grand son of Nawab Zahid Khan, the rulers of Multan and they were appointed as governor by Ahmad Shah Abdali or Durrani.[2] He is known to have founded the city of Muzaffargarh in 1794.

Muzaffar Khan Sadozai
Governor of Multan
Born1757
Died2 June 1818[1]
Multan Fort
Names
Nawab Muzaffar Khan
FatherShuja Khan

Early lifeEdit

Nawab Muzaffar Khan was born in 1757 in Multan.[3] He was the eldest son of his father. They were four brothers and one sister. He was well educated in religion, civil administration and warfare. He took part in the affairs of the state in very early age. He was only 18 years old when his father instructed him to lead a mission to Kabul in January 1775. His mission failed but he got the attention of the Afghan King who fixed 5000 rupees as his stipend. He commanded with bravery the Afghan contingent during the siege of Multan in February 1775. When Ganda Singh invaded Shujabad, he defended city with great valour. He ultimately realised the greedy nature of the Sikhs and gave them some money. He succeeded his father at the age of 18 in Shujabad on October 18, 1775. Nawab Muzaffar Khan could not get Multan till 1780, when he was reinstated by Taimur Shah, King of Kabul, who expelled the Sikhs and appointed Muzaffar Khan as the Governor (Subedar) of Multan. Taimur Shah also gave him the title of Nawab, at the age of 23.[4]

Military careerEdit

In 1817, Maharaja Ranjit Singh sent his army to Multan. The commander of army was Diwan Bhiwani Das. Main purpose of this evasion was to ask Nawab Muzaffar Khan to accept the rule of Sikh Darbar. In 1818, Kharak Singh and Hindu Commander Misr Diwan Chand arms troops lay around Multan without making much initial headway. Maharaja Ranjit Singh sent a large cannon named Zamzama . Though in name, Armies was commanded by Prince Kharak Singh however it was the military genius of Diwan Misr Chand which captured Multan Fort.

Muzaffar urged the majority of the Muslim population of the city of Multan to fight a war against the Sikhs and Hindus. However, the tactics of Nawab Muzaffar Khan failed as the Sikh armies were able to suppress the revolt of the Multan population. In the battle, Misr Diwan Chand led the Sikh armies to victory over Nawab Muzaffar Khan. Muzzafar Khan and seven of his sons were killed before the Multan fort finally fell on June 2, 1818.[5]

By name of Nawab Muzaffar KhanEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "ملتان کا عظیم مسلمان حاکم نواب مظفر خاں شہید". Nawaiwaqt (in Urdu). 2020-06-02. Retrieved 2022-05-01.
  2. ^ Newspaper, From the (2010-08-31). "What about historical sites of Muzaffargarh". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2022-04-28.
  3. ^ "Government Of the Punjab - District Gazetteer - Muzaffargarh District 2019" (PDF). gazetteers.punjab.gov.pk.
  4. ^ "Page 1 - Muzaffargarh eGazetteer". gazetteers.punjab.gov.pk. Retrieved 2022-04-28.
  5. ^ Tony Jaques (2007). Dictionary of Battles and Sieges: F-O. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 696. ISBN 978-0-313-33538-9. Retrieved 2012-08-11.