National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (Undergraduate)
The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (Undergraduate) (or NEET (UG)), formerly the All India Pre-Medical Test (AIPMT), is an all India pre-medical entrance test for students who wish to pursue undergraduate medical (MBBS), dental (BDS) and equivalent AYUSH (BAMS, BUMS, BHMS, etc.) courses in government and private institutions in India and also, for those intending to pursue primary medical qualification abroad.
|Type||Pen and paper based|
|Developer / administrator||Central Board of Secondary Education (2013–2018)|
National Testing Agency (From 2019)
|Knowledge / skills tested||Biology, Chemistry and Physics|
|Purpose||Admission to undergraduate Medical courses in government and private colleges. Qualification mandatory for pursuing the same abroad.|
|Year started||2013(except 2014 & 2015) Formerly AIPMT|
|Score / grade range||-180 to +720|
|Offered||Once a year|
|Countries / regions||India|
|As per 2020 information bulletin|
The exam is conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA), which provides the results to the Directorate General of Health Services under Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and State Counselling Authorities for seat allocation.
NEET-UG replaced the All India Pre Medical Test (AIPMT) and many other pre-medical exams conducted by states and various medical colleges. However, due to lawsuits being filed against the exam, it couldn’t be held in 2014 and 2015.
NEET-UG is a single entrance test for admissions to more than 66,000 MBBS and BDS seats across India. In 2018,
After the enactment of NMC Act 2019 in September 2019, NEET-UG became common all India entrance test for admissions to medical colleges in India including the All India Institutes of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) and Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER) which until then conducted separate entrances.
NEET was initially proposed to take place from 2012 onwards. However, for several reasons, the CBSE and Medical Council of India deferred NEET by a year. The test was announced by the Government of India and was held for the first time on 5 May 2013 across India for students seeking admission for both undergraduate and postgraduate medicine. On 18 July 2013, SC gave the decision in favour of 115 petitions and cancelled the NEET exam and announced that the MCI could not interfere with the admission process done by colleges.
Following the announcement from the Medical Council of India that it would introduce the NEET-UG exam in 2012, several states including Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Gujarat, West Bengal and Tamil Nadu strongly opposed the change, stating that there was a huge variation in the syllabus proposed by the MCI and their state syllabi. Even though NEET 2016 is conducted in English and Hindi, it was announced that students can write exams in Tamil, Telugu, Marathi, Bengali, Assamese and Gujarati languages from 2017 onwards. Kannada and Odia languages are added to the list so that students can write the exams in nine Indian languages and English. The Supreme Court of India quashed the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) for admissions into all medical and dental colleges on 18 July 2013. The apex court ruled that the Medical Council of India cannot conduct a unified examination.
The Central Board of Secondary Education announces the results and the All India Merit List for NEET-UG. The merit list and the wait-list are prepared as per the directives of the Supreme Court of India, DGHS, MCI and DCI. The results for 2013 were announced on 5 June.
NEET was declared illegal and unconstitutional by the Supreme Court of India in 2013. However, it was restored on 11 April 2016, after a five-judge Constitution bench recalled the earlier verdict and allowed the Central Government and the Medical Council of India (MCI) to implement the common entrance test until the court decides afresh on its validity.
Phase One Test
The All India Pre Medical Test, also known as AIPMT, held on 1 May 2016, was considered as the first phase of the NEET. Students who registered for Phase One were given a chance to appear for the next phase of NEET held on 24 July 2016, but with a condition that candidates have to give up their NEET Phase 1 score. The above dates are as per the order of the Supreme Court.
Exam pattern and structure
There are a total of 180 questions asked in the exam, 45 questions each from Physics and Chemistry, 90 questions from Biology. Each correct response fetches 4 marks and each incorrect response gets -1 negative marking. The exam duration is 3 hours (180mins). The exam is of 720 marks (maximum marks).
NEET-UG syllabus consists of the core concepts of Physics, Chemistry and Biology taught in classes 11 and 12 as prescribed by the NCERT.
The National Testing Agency (NTA) has been made the nodal agency for conduct of all India competitive exams and conducts NEET-UG from 2019. The Central Board of Secondary Education conducted NEET between 2013 and 2018 before the setting of NTA.
Number of applicants by year
|Year||Date||No. of candidates
|No. of candidates
|No of candidates
|2015||Exam not held(AIPMT held instead)|
|Category||Minimum Qualifying Percentile|
|As of 2019|
|Unreserved (UR)||50th Percentile|
|Unreserved PH (UR-PH)||45th Percentile|
|Scheduled Caste (SC)||40th Percentile|
|Scheduled Tribe (ST)||40th Percentile|
|Other Backward Classes (OBC)||40th Percentile|
As per the orders of Honourable Supreme Court, there will be a single medical entrance exam all over India for admission into medical and dental colleges. The colleges will not be able to conduct their own medical entrance exam and thus all will accept students based on NEET Score. All India Pre Medical Test (AIPMT), is now known as NEET. After the declaration of the results, an All India Rank (AIR) is allotted to each candidate and a merit list is released. The Medical Council of India conducts counselling (allotment of seats according to merit and candidate choice) for 15% state seats, central institutes and deemed universities. The counselling for remaining 85% state quota seats and private colleges is done by the medical boards of respective states. States prepare their separate merit list on basis of NEET-UG results. The total number of seats offered under NEET are 66,000 which is distributed accordingly.
|Colleges||No. of seats offered|
|All private colleges||25,840|
|All government colleges||27,590|
|NEET Counselling seats||3,521|
|NEET Basis seats||35,461|
- Capitation fee
- Compulsory Rotatory Residential Internship
- Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates
- JEE – Main
- Junior Science Talent Search Examination
- Medical Council of India
- Medical Council of India Screening Test
- Suicide of S. Anitha
- The National Council for Human Resource in Health in India
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