National Medical Commission

National Medical Commission (NMC) is an Indian regulatory body of 33 members which regulates medical education and medical professionals. It replaced the Medical Council of India on 25 September 2020.[1][2] The Commission grants recognition of medical qualifications, gives accreditation to medical schools, grants registration to medical practitioners, and monitors medical practice and assesses the medical infrastructure in India.

National Medical Commission
Emblem of India.svg
AbbreviationNMC
PredecessorMedical Council of India
Formation25 September 2020
PurposeMedical Regulatory Agency
HeadquartersNew Delhi
Chairperson
Dr. Suresh Chandra Sharma
Main organ
Commission
AffiliationsMinistry of Health and Family Welfare
Websitehttps://www.nmc.org.in/

It was earlier established for 6 months by an ordinance in January 2019 and later became a permanent law passed by Parliament of India and later approved by President of India on 8 August 2019.[3]

HistoryEdit

The NITI Aayog had recommended the replacement of Medical Council of India (MCI) with National Medical Commission (NMC). The decision was approved by most states and after its approval by the Prime Minister and NMC bill was passed by parliament and approved by President on 8 August 2019.[4][5][6]

National Medical Commission ordinance was brought in to replace Medical Council of India in early 2019 through an ordinance issued in January, 2019 by the President of India.

The Supreme Court had allowed the Central Government to replace the medical council and with the help of five specialized doctors monitor the medical education system in India, from July 2017.[7]

The planning commission has recommended the replacement of Medical Council of India (MCI) with National Medical Commission (NMC). The decision has been approved by most states and after its approval by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi it was to be proposed as final bill in the parliamentary sessions by the Minister of health and family welfare Dr. Harsh Vardhan.[8] It was passed by both houses of Parliament in 2019.[9][10][11][12] President of India gives his nod to National Medical Commission Bill 2019 on 8 August 2019 and it became a law.[2][4]

Functions of NMCEdit

Main Functions of the NMC include:

  • Laying down policies for regulating medical institutions and medical professionals.
  • Assessing the requirements of human resources and infrastructure in healthcare and medicines.
  • Ensuring compliance by the State Medical Councils with the regulations made under the Bill.
  • Framing guidelines for determination of fee for up to 50% of the seats in the private medical institutions.
  • The NMC will make guidelines for a new cadre of non-MBBS mid-level health service providers such as nurse practitioners and pharmacists with limited rights to prescribe Medicines.
  • Appellate powers.
  • Common entrance examination.

[13]

BoardsEdit

The commission consists of four autonomous boards:[14]

  • Under-Graduate Medical Education Board (UGMEB),
  • Post-Graduate Medical Education Board (PGMEB),
  • Medical Assessment and Rating Board and
  • Ethics and Medical Registration Board

CompositionEdit

The NMC consists of 33 members,[15] including:

a) a Chairperson (medical professionals only)

b) 10 ex officio Members:

c) 22 Part-time Members:

  • Three Members appointed from amongst persons who have special knowledge and professional experience in such areas including management, law, medical ethics, health research, consumer or patient rights advocacy, science and technology and economics.
  • Ten members appointed on rotational basis from amongst the nominees of the states/union territories in the Medical Advisory Council.
  • Nine members appointed from amongst the nominees of the States and Union territories in the Medical Advisory Council.[16]

Of these at least 60% of the members must be medical practitioners.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "NMC comes into force from today, repeals Indian Medical Council Act". ANI News.
  2. ^ a b "President gives assent to National Medical Commission Bill; panel to replace MCI will be formed within six months". Firstpost.
  3. ^ Feb 4, Sushmi Dey | TNN |; 2020; Ist, 21:35. "National Medical Commission in advanced stage of formation, assures health minister | India News – Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 February 2020.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  4. ^ a b http://www.newsonair.com/Main-News-Details.aspx?id=369825
  5. ^ "President gives assent to National Medical Commission Bill; panel to replace MCI will be formed within six months-India News , Firstpost". Firstpost. 8 August 2019.
  6. ^ "Medical Council of India is soon to be National Medical Commission". teluguglobal.in. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  7. ^ "SC allows Centre to replace Medical Council of India oversight committee". The Economic Times. 18 July 2017. Retrieved 15 January 2021.
  8. ^ "Medical Council of India is soon to be National Medical Commission". teluguglobal.in. Archived from the original on 1 October 2016. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  9. ^ DelhiJuly 29, Press Trust of India New; July 29, 2019UPDATED; Ist, 2019 21:12. "Lok Sabha passes National Medical Commission Bill". India Today.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  10. ^ "Rajya Sabha Passes National Medical Commission Bill, 2019". Jagranjosh.com. 2 August 2019.
  11. ^ "National Medical Commission bill passes Rajya Sabha test; healthcare on verge of landmark changes". 8 August 2019 – via The Economic Times.
  12. ^ "National Medical Commission Bill passed by Lok Sabha". 29 July 2019 – via The Economic Times.
  13. ^ "Understanding the National Medical Commission Bill, 2019". PRSIndia. 29 July 2019.
  14. ^ "THE NATIONAL MEDICAL COMMISSION BILL, 2019" (PDF). 29 July 2019. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  15. ^ "National Medical Commission, India's regulator of medical education, comes into existence replacing MCI". Retrieved 7 May 2021.
  16. ^ http://egazette.nic.in/WriteReadData/2019/210357.pdf

External linksEdit