Nammo, short for Nordic Ammunition Company, is a Norwegian/Finnish aerospace and defence group specialized in production of ammunition, rocket engines and space applications. The company has subsidiaries in Finland, Germany, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, Spain, Australia, the United Kingdom, the United States, and Canada. The company is owned 50/50 by the Norwegian Government (represented by the Norwegian Ministry of Trade, Industry and Fisheries) and the Finnish defence company Patria. The company has its headquarters in Raufoss, Norway.
|Morten Brandtzæg (CEO),|
|Products||Ammunition, missiles, explosives, rocket engines, and propulsion systems|
|NOK 1061 million (2016)|
Number of employees
|Parent||Norwegian Ministry of Trade and Industry (50%)|
Patria 50% (50.1% owned by Government of Finland and 49.9% by Kongsberg Gruppen)
The company has five business units: Small Caliber Division, Medium & Large Caliber Division, Missile Products Division, Demil Division and Nammo Talley.
Nammo was founded in 1998 by Raufoss (Norway), Patria (Finland) and Celsius (Sweden). The Lapua cartridge factory in Finland is also part of the Nammo group as Nammo Lapua Oy. In 2005, the present joint ownership between Patria and the Norwegian Government was established.
In 2007, Nammo acquired the US munitions company Talley, Inc. after purchasing 100% of its shares. In 2009, it was revealed the Israeli Defense Forces purchased 28,000 M72 LAWs from Nammo Talley, along with weapons parts and training missiles valued at NOK 600 million. These munitions would later be used in Operation Cast Lead. According Nammo Raufoss Administrative Director Lars Harald Lied, the company also produces 12.7mm "multi-purpose" ammunition that is used by both American and Norwegian soldiers in the War in Afghanistan, often in contravention of international law.
In addition to alleged international law violations, the company has also caused controversy in Norway, whose laws prohibit Norwegian companies from selling munitions for conflict purposes. Nammo Information Director Sissel Solum alleges that Nammo bears no responsibility for the use of their munitions after purchase, although some claim (including the Norwegian Church Aid and PRIO) that this is a breach of the intended spirit of national export regulations. The company has also been able to circumvent Norwegian laws and avoid prosecution by outsourcing manufacturing to plants in the US, Finland, and Sweden.
Nammo produces the following missiles and missile propulsion systems:
- AIM-120 AMRAAM
- RIM-162 ESSM
- IRIS-T (under license)
- AIM-9 Sidewinder
- Naval Strike Missile (the rocket booster)
- Ariane 5 (separation and acceleration boosters)
- IDAS (Interactive Defence & Attack for Submarines)
Orbital launch vehicleEdit
In January 2013, Nammo and the Andøya Rocket Range spaceport announced that they would be "developing an orbital Nanosatellite launch vehicle (NLV) rocket system called North Star that will use a standardized hybrid motor, clustered in different numbers and arrangements, to build two types of sounding rockets and an orbital launcher" that would be able to deliver a 10 kg (22 lb) nanosat into polar orbit.
Small caliber ammunitionEdit
- 5.56×45mm NATO
- 6.5×47mm Lapua
- 7.62×51mm NATO and .308 Winchester
- 7.62×63mm (.30-06 Springfield)
- .338 Lapua Magnum (8.6×70mm)
- 9×19mm Parabellum
Medium and large caliber ammunitionEdit
As of 2018, Nammo produces the following non-exhaustive list of medium and large caliber ammunition:
- 12.7×99mm (.50 BMG)
- 12.7×99 mm Raufoss Mk 211 Multipurpose
- 30 mm Swimmer(APFSDS-T MK 258 Mod 1)
- 57 mm L/70 3P
- M72 LAW
- 120 mm Tank Ammunition
- Propellant Charges for Artillery and Mortars
- Artillery Shell Bodies
- Hand grenades
- "History of Lapua". Nammo Lapua. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
- Leer-Salvesen, Tarjei; Thorleifsson, Renie; Martiniussen, Erik (10 February 2009). "Norge tjener på våpensalg til Israel" [Norway Profits from Weapon Sales to Israel] (in Norwegian). NRK. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
- "Israel - M72A7 Light Anti-Armor Weapons (LAAWs)" (PDF) (Press release). DSCA. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
- Vingelsgård, Lars (10 February 2010). "«Deler kroppen i to»" ["Splits the Body in Two"] (in Norwegian). Under Dusken. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
- Johnsen, Nilas (7 October 2008). "Dreper fra 1380 meter" [Kills from 1380 meters] (in Norwegian). VG. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
- Løkeland-Stai, Espen (26 November 2015). "Fra Nammo til Israel" [From Nammo to Israel] (in Norwegian). Dagsavisen. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
- Missile Products (PDF). Nammo AS.
- Lindsey, Clark (2013-01-28). "North Star rocket family with hybrid propulsion". NewSpace Watch. Retrieved 2013-01-28.
- Nammo Ammunition Handbook (PDF) (5 ed.). Nammo AS. 2018.
- Nammo Bloodhound hybrid rocket motor, first test firing, 9 December 2014.