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A nāḥiyah (Arabic: نَاحَيِة [ˈnaːħijah], plural nawāḥī نَوَاحِي [naˈwaːħiː]), also nahiya or nahia, is a regional or local type of administrative division that usually consists of a number of villages or sometimes smaller towns. In Tajikistan, it is a second-level division while in Syria, Iraq, Lebanon, Jordan, Xinjiang, and the former Ottoman Empire, where it was also called a bucak, it is a third-level or lower division. It can constitute a division of a qadaa, mintaqah or other such district-type division and is sometimes translated as "subdistrict".
The kaza was a subdivision of a sanjak and corresponded roughly to a city with its surrounding villages. Kazas, in turn, were divided into nahiyes (each governed by a müdür) and villages (karye, each governed by a muhtar). Revisions of 1871 to the administrative law established the nahiye (still governed a müdür) as an intermediate level between the kaza and the village.
|Country||Level above (Arabic)||Level above (English)||Main article|
|Syria||mintaqah (formerly qadaa)||district|
|Palestine||Liwa'||governorates||Districts of Palestine|
|Iraq||Qadaa||district||Subdistricts of Iraq|
|Jordan||Liwa'||governorate||Nahias of Jordan|
- Xinjiang, China: a subdivision of a prefectural.
- Ottoman Empire: subdistrict, commune, parish; a subdivision of a kaza (قضاء).