Mytilus unguiculatus

Mytilus unguiculatus,[1] common name the Korean mussel[2][3] or the hard-shelled mussel,[4] is a species of mussel, a marine bivalve mollusc in the family Mytilidae.[1] This species is heavily exploited as a food item via mariculture in Korea[2] and in China.[4] It is also a typical macrofouling organism.

Mytilus unguiculatus
Naturalis Biodiversity Center - RMNH.MOL.317315 - Mytilus coruscus Gould, 1861 - Mytilidae - Mollusc shell.jpeg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Order: Mytilida
Family: Mytilidae
Genus: Mytilus
M. unguiculatus
Binomial name
Mytilus unguiculatus
  • Mytilus coruscus Gould, 1861
  • Mytilus crassitesta Lischke, 1868

Distribution and habitatEdit

This species occurs in the coasts of the subtropical western Pacific Ocean, inhabiting temperate areas along the coastal waters of China, Japan, Korea, and the Far East of Russia. It is found in the Yellow Sea and the Sea of Japan, as far north as the Peter the Great Gulf.[3] This mussel generally inhabits the upper part of the sublittoral zone.[3] M. unguiculatus has also been found on debris near Vancouver Island, suspected to be from the 2011 Tōhoku tsunami.[5]

A chromosome-level genome of the hard-shelled mussel has been sequenced, with 14 chromosomes making up a total genome length of 1.57 Gb.[6]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c Bieler R, Bouchet P, Gofas S, Marshall B, Rosenberg G, La Perna R, Neubauer TA, Sartori AF, Schneider S, Vos C, ter Poorten JJ, Taylor J, Dijkstra H, Finn J, Bank R, Neubert E, Moretzsohn F, Faber M, Houart R, Picton B, Garcia-Alvarez O, eds. (2022). "Mytilus unguiculatus Valenciennes, 1858". MolluscaBase. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  2. ^ a b FAO. "National Aquaculture Sector Overview. Republic of Korea. National Aquaculture Sector Overview Fact Sheets". FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department. Retrieved 2011-09-21.
  3. ^ a b c Kulikova, V. A.; Lyashenko, S. A.; Kolotukhina, N. K. (2011). "Seasonal and interannual dynamics of larval abundance of Mytilus coruscus Gould, 1861 (Bivalvia: Mytilidae) in Amursky Bay (Peter the Great Bay, Sea of Japan)". Russian Journal of Marine Biology. 37 (5): 342–347. doi:10.1134/S1063074011050087.
  4. ^ a b Xu, T.-J.; Sun, Y.-N.; Yuan, Y.-T.; Liao, Z.; Wang, R.-X. (2010). "Isolation and characterization of polymorphic microsatellite loci in the hard-shelled mussel, Mytilus coruscus (Mytilidae)". Genetics and Molecular Research. 9 (3): 1388–1391. doi:10.4238/vol9-3gmr856. PMID 20645262.
  5. ^ Burgman, Tamsyn (22 April 2014). "Canada wary of Asian mussel that surfed to B.C. on 2011 tsunami debris". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2014-04-22.
  6. ^ Yang, Jin-Long; Feng, Dan-Dan; Liu, Jie; Xu, Jia-Kang; Chen, Ke; Li, Yi-Feng; Zhu, You-Ting; Liang, Xiao; Lu, Ying (2021-04-01). "Chromosome-level genome assembly of the hard-shelled mussel Mytilus coruscus, a widely distributed species from the temperate areas of East Asia". GigaScience. 10: giab024. doi:10.1093/gigascience/giab024.