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Augustus Addison Gould

Augustus Addison Gould (April 23, 1805, New Ipswich, New Hampshire – September 15, 1866, Boston)[1][2] was an American conchologist and malacologist.

Augustus Addison Gould
Augustus Addison Gould
Augustus Addison Gould
Born(1805-04-23)April 23, 1805
DiedSeptember 15, 1866(1866-09-15) (aged 61)
Alma materHarvard College
Scientific career
Fieldsmalacology, conchology
InfluencedWilliam Healey Dall
Augustus Addison Gould


Born in New Ipswich, New Hampshire, he was the son of music teacher Nathaniel Duren Gould (1781–1864) who was also noted for his penmanship.


He graduated from Harvard College in 1825, and took his degree of doctor of medicine in 1830. "Establishing himself in Boston, he devoted himself to the practice of medicine, and finally rose to high professional rank and social position. He became president of the Massachusetts Medical Society, and was employed in editing the vital statistics of the state."[1] In 1855 he delivered the annual address at the Massachusetts Medical Society, entitled “Search Out the Secrets of Nature.” He was its president from 1864 until his death. In 1856, he was appointed visiting physician to the Massachusetts General Hospital.


"As a conchologist his reputation was worldwide, and he was one of the pioneers of the science in America. His writings fill many pages of the publications of the Boston Society of Natural History (see vol. xi. p. 197 for a list) and other periodicals. He published with Louis Agassiz the Principles of Zoology (2nd ed. 1851)."[1] He taught botany and zoology at Harvard for two years. When Charles Lyell visited the United States in order to pursue his geological investigations, he immediately sought the aid of Gould as a co-worker.

"Gould edited The terrestrial air-breathing mollusks of the United States, and the adjacent territories of North America – Volume 1 (1851–1855) of Amos Binney (1803–1847). He translated Lamarck's Genera of Shells (1833)."[1]

"The two most important monuments to his scientific work, however, are Mollusca and Shells (vol. xii, 1852) of the United States Exploring Expedition, 1838-1842 under Lieutenant Charles Wilkes, published by the government, and the Report on the Invertebrata published by order of the legislature of Massachusetts in 1841. A second edition of the latter work was authorized in 1865, and published in 1870 after the author's death. In 1860, Gould also reported on shells collected by the North Pacific Exploring and Surveying Expedition."[1]

"Gould was a corresponding member of all the prominent American scientific societies, and of many of those of Europe, including the London Royal Society."[1]

His resting place is Mount Auburn Cemetery.[2]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Chisholm 1911
  2. ^ a b Wyman J. (1903). Biographical memoir of Augustus Addison Gould 1805–1866. 91–113. Read before The National Academy of Sciences, April 22, 1903.


  •   Wilson, J. G.; Fiske, J., eds. (1900). "Gould, Nathaniel Duren" . Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton.

Further readingEdit

  • Sterling, Keir B., ed. (1997). "Gould, Augustus Addison". Biographical Dictionary of American and Canadian Naturalists and Environmentalists. Greenwood Press.
  • Wyman, Jeffries. (1905). Biographical memoir of Augustus Addison Gould, 1805-1866. Washington: National Academy of Sciences.

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