Myos Hormos (Greek: Μυός Όρμος) was a Red Sea port constructed by the Ptolemies around the 3rd century BC. Following excavations carried out recently by David Peacock and Lucy Blue of the University of Southampton, it is thought to have been located on the present-day site of Quseir al-Quadim (old Quseir), eight kilometres north of the modern town of Al-Qusayr in Egypt.
|Location||Al-Qusayr, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt|
|Founded||3rd century BC|
|Abandoned||After the 4th century AD|
|Periods||Ptolemaic Kingdom to Roman Empire|
Some of its main destinations were the Indus delta, Muziris and the Kathiawar peninsula in India. The coastal trade from Myos Hormos and Berenice along the coast of the Indian Ocean is described in the anonymous 1st century AD handbook Periplus of the Erythraean Sea.
At any rate, when Gallus was prefect of Egypt, I accompanied him and ascended the Nile as far as Syene and the frontiers of Ethiopia, and I learned that as many as one hundred and twenty vessels were sailing from Myos Hormos to India, whereas formerly, under the Ptolemies, only a very few ventured to undertake the voyage and to carry on traffic in Indian merchandise.— Strabo II.5.12. 
The port of Myos Hormos was connected to the Nile valley and Memphis by a Roman road, built in the 1st century.
- "Cane (Qana')". Maritime Incense Route. Retrieved 7 Dec 2008.
- http://nabataea.net/isearoute.html Roman sea routes in the Indian Ocean
- Lionel Casson, Ramsay MacMullen, The Periplus Maris Erythraei: Text with Introduction, Translation, and Commentary (Princeton University Press, 1989)p51.
- Dario Nappo, 'On the location of Leuke Kome' Journal of Roman Archaeology vol 23 2010 , pp. 335-348.
- Articles and photos of Myos Hormos and actual Old Qusair (in Italian)
- G.W.B. Huntingford. The Ethnology and History of the Area Covered by the Periplus in Huntingford ed., "Periplus of the Erythraean Sea" (London, 1980).