Myalgia (also called muscle pain and muscle ache in layman's terms) is the medical term for muscle pain. Myalgia is a symptom of many diseases. The most common cause of acute myalgia is the overuse of a muscle or group of muscles; another likely cause is viral infection, especially when there has been no trauma.
|Other names||Muscle pain, muscle ache|
|One of the myalgic simptoms|
The most common causes of myalgia are overuse, injury, and strain. Myalgia might also be caused by allergies, diseases, medications, or as a response to a vaccination. Dehydration at times results in muscle pain as well, especially for people involved in extensive physical activities such as workout.
Muscle pain is also a common symptom in a variety of diseases, including infectious diseases, such as influenza, muscle abscesses, Lyme disease, malaria, trichinosis or poliomyelitis; autoimmune diseases, such as celiac disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjögren's syndrome or polymyositis; gastrointestinal diseases, such as non-celiac gluten sensitivity (which can also occur without digestive symptoms) and inflammatory bowel disease (including Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis).
The most common causes are:
- Injury or trauma, including sprains, hematoma
- Overuse: using a muscle too much, too often, including protecting a separate injury
- Chronic tension
Muscle pain occurs with:
- Rhabdomyolysis, associated with:
- Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
- Auto-immune disorders, including:
- Infections, including:
- Multiple sclerosis (neurologic pain interpreted as muscular)
- Mixed connective tissue disease
- Lupus erythematosus
- Fibromyalgia syndrome
- Familial Mediterranean fever
- Polyarteritis nodosa
- Devic's disease
- Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II deficiency
- Conn's syndrome
- Adrenal insufficiency
- Postorgasmic illness syndrome
- Chronic fatigue syndrome (aka myalgic encephalomyelitis)
- Ehlers Danlos Syndrome
- Stickler Syndrome
- Exercise intolerance
- Peripheral neuropathy
- Eosinophilia myalgia syndrome
- Barcoo Fever
- Delayed onset muscle soreness
- Generalized anxiety disorder
- Tumor-induced osteomalacia
- Hypovitaminosis D
Withdrawal syndrome from certain drugsEdit
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