The Musée des Beaux-Arts de Strasbourg (Museum of Fine Arts of Strasbourg) is the old masters paintings collection of the city of Strasbourg, located in the Alsace region of France. The museum is housed in the first and second floors of the baroque Palais Rohan since 1898. The museum displays works by non-Upper Rhenish artists from between the 14th century and 1871 and by Upper Rhenish artist from between 1681 and 1871. The museum owned 1,934 works as of 31 December 2015, this number has substantially increased since (see below). The old masters from the upper-Rhenish area until 1681 are exhibited in the neighboring Musée de l’Œuvre Notre-Dame.
|Coordinates||48°34′52″N 7°45′08″E / 48.581111°N 7.752222°E|
|Type||Fine arts museum|
|Collection size||paintings, sculptures|
The first municipal art collection of the city of Strasbourg was the result of the French Revolution, and was a consequence of the expropriation of churches and cloisters. Through the years, the collection, which was founded in 1801, grew by private donations, as well as government loans from the inventory of the Louvre. On August 24, 1870, the museum, which was housed in the Aubette on Place Kléber, was set on fire by Prussian artillery fire and completely destroyed. After the end of the Franco-Prussian War, it was resolved to re-establish the museum, and the imperial art historian Wilhelm von Bode was commissioned with the task in 1889. In 1890, the museum was launched and was re-stocked since that time by acquisitions and gifts. In 1931 under the leadership of Hans Haug (1890–1965), the collection of medieval art and upper-Rhenish painting (Konrad Witz, Hans Baldung, Sebastian Stoskopff) was transferred to the newly founded Musée de l’Œuvre Notre-Dame. The collection of modern art went to the Musée d’Art Moderne et Contemporain de Strasbourg (Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art of Strasbourg). Haug's superior during the German occupation from 1940 to 1944 was Kurt Martin.
On August 13, 1947, fire destroyed part of the re-established collection, including works by Francesco Guardi, Thomas de Keyser, Antonio del Pollaiuolo and Lucas Cranach the Elder. However, with the money from the insurance, it was possible to acquire other artistically valuable paintings. Apart from regular purchases on the art market, the collection of the museum is also regularly being expanded by substantial donations, notably in 1987 and 1994 by collectors Othon Kaufman and François Schlageter (Italian paintings), in 2004 by collectors Roger and Elisabeth Eisenbeth (Dutch paintings,) in 2009 by the collector Ann L. Oppenheimer (Italian, Flemish and Dutch paintings), and in 2019 by the collectors Jeannine Poitrey and Marie-Claire Ballabio (mostly Italian and Dutch paintings).
In 2005 the museum reached a settlement with the heirs of Bernhard Altmann over a Canaletto that had been looted by the Nazis from its Jewish owner.
Painters exhibited (selected)Edit
- Giotto di Bondone
- Sano di Pietro
- Sandro Botticelli
- Cima da Conegliano
- Carlo Crivelli
- Filippino Lippi
- Piero di Cosimo
- Cima da Conegliano
- Giambattista Tiepolo
- Salvator Rosa
- Alessandro Magnasco
- Giuseppe Maria Crespi
Flemish and DutchEdit
- Simon Marmion
- Hans Memling
- Lucas van Leyden
- Gerard David
- Maarten van Heemskerck
- Peter Paul Rubens
- Jacob Jordaens
- Salomon van Ruysdael
- Pieter de Hooch
- Anthony van Dyck
- Willem Kalf
- Pieter Claesz
- Christiaen van Couwenbergh
- Cornelis Engelsz
- Le musée des Beaux-Arts de Strasbourg - Cinq siècles de peinture, Éditions des Musées de Strasbourg, May 2006, ISBN 2-901833-78-0 in French
- Peintures flamandes et hollandaises du Musée des Beaux-Arts de Strasbourg, Éditions des Musées de Strasbourg, February 2009, ISBN 978-2-35125-030-3
- Les Peintures italiennes du Musée des Beaux-Arts, xvie, xviie et xviiie siècles, Éditions Le Seuil, 1996, ISBN 978-2-901833-30-7
- Les Primitifs italiens du Musée des Beaux-Arts de Strasbourg, Éditions Le Seuil, 1993, ISBN 978-2-901833-14-7
- ^ 1871 is the year of the annexation of Alsace-Lorraine to the German Empire
- ^ "Bilan des régions (hors musées nationaux)" (PDF). .culture.gouv.fr. French Ministry of Culture. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 September 2019. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- ^ Andrea Christine Bambi: Rezension von Tessa Friederike Rosebrock, Kurt Martin und das Musée des Beaux-Arts de Strasbourg. In: sehepunkte 12, 2012, Nr. 6 [15 June 2012]
- ^ Rosebrock, Tessa Friederike; Hergott, Fabrice; Lang, Paul (2019-12-12). Kurt Martin et le musée des Beaux-Arts de Strasbourg (in French). Éditions de la Maison des sciences de l’homme. ISBN 978-2-7351-2688-0.
- ^ "Flemish and Dutch paintings at the Musée des Beaux-Arts in Strasbourg", The Art Tribune, 20 April 2009
- ^ "Agrandissement du Musée des Beaux-Arts de Strasbourg" Archived 2012-11-09 at the Wayback Machine La Tribune de l'Art, 21 February 2007 (in French)
- ^ "Plusieurs tableaux légués au Musée des Beaux-Arts de Strasbourg" Archived 2012-11-09 at the Wayback Machine, La Tribune de l'Art, 15 April 2009 (in French)
- ^ "Une donation exceptionnelle : tableaux, dessins et gravures (XVIe-XIXesiècles), collection Poitrey-Ballabio" (PDF). strasbourg.eu. pp. 815–877. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
- ^ "Nazi loot claims: a French museum is trying to raise money to buy a Canaletto for the second time". The Art Newspaper. 3 June 2004. Archived from the original on November 3, 2022. Retrieved 2022-11-03.
- ^ "Strasbourg settles with Bernhard Altmann heirs over Nazi-looted Canaletto". www.lootedart.com. 10 October 2005. Retrieved 2022-11-03.