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The Muroidea are a large superfamily of rodents, including mice, rats, voles, hamsters, gerbils, and many other relatives. They occupy a vast variety of habitats on every continent except Antarctica. Some authorities have placed all members of this group into a single family, Muridae, due to difficulties in determining how the subfamilies are related to one another. The following taxonomy is based on recent well-supported molecular phylogenies.[1]

Muroids
Temporal range: Middle Eocene – Recent
Feldmaus Microtus arvalis.jpg
Common vole (Microtus arvalis)
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Suborder: Myomorpha
Superfamily: Muroidea
Illiger, 1811
Families

Platacanthomyidae
Spalacidae
Calomyscidae
Nesomyidae
Cricetidae
Muridae

The muroids are classified in six families, 19 subfamilies, around 280 genera, and at least 1750 species.

TaxonomyEdit

PhylogenyEdit

5 main clades are recognized by Jansa & Weksler (2004).[2]

Together, Muroidea and its sister group Dipodoidea form the suborder Myomorpha.

The following phylogeny of more than 70 Muroidea genera, based on molecular phylogenetic analysis of the Interphotoreceptor Retinoid Binding Protein (IRBP) gene, is from Jansa & Weksler (2004: 264).[2] Although Platacanthomyidae was not analyzed by Jansa & Weksler (2004), a study by Fabre et al. 2012[3] suggests that it is the most basal lineage of Muroidea.

Muroidea 

Platacanthomyidae[3]

Spalacidae 
Spalacinae 

Spalax

Myospalacinae 

Myospalax

Rhizomyinae 

Tachyoryctes

Rhizomys

Eumuroida 
Calomyscidae 

Calomyscus

Nesomyidae 

Hypogeomys

Nesomys

Brachyuromys

Monticolomys

Macrotarsomys

Brachytarsomys

Gymnuromys

Voalavo

Eliurus

Petromyscinae 

Petromyscus

Mystromyinae 

Mystromys

Cricetomys

Beamys

Saccostomus

Steatomys

Dendromus

Muridae 
Lophiomyinae 

Lophiomys

Gerbillinae 

Tatera

Meriones

Acomyinae 

Lophuromys

Deomys

Acomys

Murinae 

Phloeomys

Micromys

Maxomys

Niviventer

Sundamys

Rattus

Rhynchomys

Otomys

Aethomys

Rhabdomys

Grammomys

Tokudaia

Mus

Mastomys

Praomys

Hylomyscus

Cricetidae 
Cricetinae 

Cricetulus

Phodopus

Mesocricetus

Tylomyinae 

Tylomys

Nyctomys

Neotominae 

Neotoma

Scotinomys

Peromyscus

Arvicolinae 

Microtus

Eothenomys

Clethrionomys

Sigmodontinae 

Sigmodon

Rheomys

Scapteromys

Akodon

Reithrodon

Thomasomys

Rhipidomys

Zygodontomys

Scolomys

Oryzomys

Oligoryzomys

Nectomys

Delomys

Phyllotis

Calomys

Juliomys

Irenomys

Wiedomys

Notiomys

Abrothrix

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Steppan, S.; Adkins, R.; Anderson, J. (2004). "Phylogeny and Divergence-Date Estimates of Rapid Radiations in Muroid Rodents Based on Multiple Nuclear Genes". Systematic Biology. 53 (4): 533–553. doi:10.1080/10635150490468701. PMID 15371245.
  2. ^ a b Jansa, S.A.; Weksler, M. (2004). "Phylogeny of muroid rodents: relationships within and among major lineages as determined by IRBP gene sequences". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 31 (1): 256–276. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2003.07.002. PMID 15019624.
  3. ^ a b Fabre; et al. (2012). "A glimpse on the pattern of rodent diversification: a phylogenetic approach". BMC Evolutionary Biology. 12: 88. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-12-88. PMC 3532383. PMID 22697210. Retrieved 30 December 2015.