Phyllotis is a genus of rodent in the family Cricetidae.[1] These mice are commonly confused with Auliscomys, Graomys and Loxodontomys. [2]. In order to tell these genera apart, one must look at the tail. Species in the genus Phyllotis have a penicillate tip on their tail which is not present in the other two genera. Tails in the genus Phyllotis are also less than the length of its head and body combined whereas in Graomys, tails are longer than the head and body combined .[2] Phyllotis xanthopygus was found at the summit of Volcán Llullaillaco (6739 m), which is the highest altitude a mammal has yet been found in nature.[3][4]

Temporal range: Pleistocene - Recent
Phyllotis darwini.jpg
Darwin's leaf-eared mouse (Phyllotis darwini)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Cricetidae
Subfamily: Sigmodontinae
Tribe: Phyllotini
Genus: Phyllotis
Waterhouse, 1837
Type species
Mus darwini

Phyllotis alisosiensis
Phyllotis amicus
Phyllotis andium
Phyllotis anitae
Phyllotis bonariensis
Phyllotis caprinus
Phyllotis darwini
Phyllotis definitus
Phyllotis gerbillus
Phyllotis haggardi
Phyllotis limatus
Phyllotis magister
Phyllotis osgoodi
Phyllotis osilae
Phyllotis pearsoni
Phyllotis pehuenche
Phyllotis wolffsohni
Phyllotis xanthopygus

It contains the following species:


  1. ^ Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M., eds. (2005). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  2. ^ a b Kramer, Kristin M.; Monjeau, J. Adrian; Birney, Elmer C.; Sikes, Robert S. (1999). "Phyllotis xanthopygus" (PDF). Mammalian Species (617): 1–7. doi:10.2307/3504375. JSTOR 3504375.
  3. ^ Storz, J.F., Quiroga-Carmona, M., Opazo, J.C., Bowen, T., Farson, M., Steppan, S.J., and D’Elía, G. (2020). Discovery of the world’s highest-dwelling mammal. BioRxiv 2020.03.13.989822.
  4. ^ Barras, Colin (19 March 2020). "World's highest mammal discovered at the top of a Mars-like volcano". New Scientist. Retrieved 22 March 2020.