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King Muhammad Fareed Didi (Dhivehi: އަލްއަމީރު މުޙަންމަދު ފަރީދު ދީދީ, Al'amīru Muḥanmadu Farīdu Dīdī) KCMG, (January 11, 1901 – May 27, 1969), the son of the Sultan Prince Abdul Majeed Didi (Al Munthakhab Liarshi Dhaulathil Mahaldheebiyya), was the last Sultan of Maldives and the first Maldivian Monarch to assume the title of "King" with the style of "Your Majesty". He was the Sultan of Maldives from March 7, 1954 until November 11, 1968. He was deposed in 1968 from the throne when Maldives became a republic, and died the following year.[1]

Muhammad Fareed
ފަރީދު ދީދީ
King of the Maldives
King Fareed.jpg
ReignMarch 7, 1954 – November 11, 1968
PredecessorPresident of the Maldives
(Mohamed Amin Didi)
SuccessorPresident of the Maldives
(Ibrahim Nasir)
BornJanuary 11, 1901
Malé, Maldives
DiedMay 27, 1969 (aged 68)
Malé, Maldives
Galolhu Cemetery
SpouseMugurigey Waheeda
IssueFive children (all died)
Full name
Muhammad Fareed Didi
DynastyHouse of Huraa
FatherSultan Abdul Majeed Didi
MotherPrincess Veyogey Dhon Goma


Early yearsEdit

He studied at Royal College Colombo[2] in Ceylon. After spending 7 years in Ceylon (Sri Lanka), he came back and became the prime minister of Sultan Hassan Nooraddine II on December 16, 1932. He served as the speaker of People's Majlis from 1933 to 1942.[3]


After the fall of President Mohamed Amin Didi, a referendum was held and 98% of the people voted in favour of the restoration of the monarchy,[citation needed] so the country was again declared a Sultanate. A new peoples majilis was elected, as the former "People's Majilis" was dissolved after the end of the revolution. The members of the special majilis decided to take a secret vote to elect a sultan, and Prince Mohammed Fareed Didi was elected as the 84th Sultan in 1954. His first Prime minister was Ehgamugey Ibraahim Ali Didi (later Ibraahim Faamuladheyri Kilegefaan). On December 11, 1957, the prime minister was forced to resign and Velaanagey Ibrahim Nasir was elected as the new prime minister the following day.

On November 15, 1967, a vote was taken in parliament to decide whether the Maldives should continue as a constitutional monarchy or become a republic. Of the 44 parliamentarians, forty voted in favour of a republic. On March 15, 1968, a national referendum was held, in which 81.23% of the votes cast favoured establishing a republic.[4] The republic was declared on November 11, 1968, thus ending the 853-year-old monarchy.

Post-deposition and deathEdit

After his deposition from the throne, the King left the royal palace and retired to his own residence (Maabagychaage, now the parliament house) in Henveru ward. He died on May 27, 1969, in Malé. He was given a state funeral and was buried in the Galolhu Cemetery.

Muhammad Fareed Didi
Born: May 27 1901 Died: May 27 1969
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Abdul Majeed Didi
Sultan of Maldives
March 7, 1954 – November 11, 1968
Monarchy abolished
Political offices
Preceded by
Mohamed Amin Didi
as President of the Maldives
Head of State of the Maldives
as Sultan
Succeeded by
Ibrahim Nasir
as President of the Maldives
Titles in pretence
New creation
Monarchy abolished
Sultan of Maldives
November 11, 1968 – May 27, 1969
Reason for succession failure:
Monarchy abolished in 1968
Succeeded by
Prince Ibrahim Fareed


  1. ^ Royal Ark
  2. ^ Maldive students at Royal College Colombo 1920s
  3. ^ "Kuryge raeesun" (in Divehi). Majlis. January 6, 2019.
  4. ^ Malediven, 15. März 1968 : Staatsform Direct Democracy