Richard Blackwell (August 29, 1922 – October 19, 2008) was an American fashion critic, journalist, television and radio personality, artist, former child actor and former fashion designer, sometimes known just as Mr. Blackwell. He was the creator of the "Ten Worst Dressed Women List", an annual awards presentation he unveiled in January of each year. He published the "Fabulous Fashion Independents" list and an annual Academy Awards fashion review, both of which receive somewhat less media attention. His longtime companion, former Beverly Hills hairdresser Robert L. Spencer, managed him. He wrote two books, Mr. Blackwell: 30 Years of Fashion Fiascos and an autobiography, From Rags to Bitches.
Richard Sylvan Selzer
August 29, 1922
|Died||October 19, 2008 (aged 86)|
|Occupation||Journalist, fashion critic, actor|
|Partner(s)||Robert L. Spencer|
Blackwell was born Richard Sylvan Selzer in the Bensonhurst section of Brooklyn to Henry Selzer, a working-class printer, and Eva Selzer, who were the American-born children of Jewish immigrants from the Russian Empire. He had one older brother. He claimed he was severely beaten by a stepfather, often sleeping in the alley beneath a fire escape with a broken bottle for protection rather than face further abuse. He told Howard Stern that as a 7-year-old boy, he had once had to beg for a quarter on the street so he could buy something to eat. His mother was frequently absent or drunk, and men would take him to a nearby alley and abuse him. He was scared, hungry, and did whatever he could to stay alive. He only went as far as the third grade in school.
Blackwell began acting in theaters in his teens, appearing in the original 1935 Broadway production of Sidney Kingsley's Dead End. Relocating to the West Coast (where he studied with Judy Garland and Mickey Rooney) he adopted the professional name "Dick Ellis" and played small parts in the movies. Between acting parts, he worked as a messenger at Warner Bros. Studio in Burbank, California. Howard Hughes then signed him to RKO and changed his name to Richard Blackwell. He returned to Broadway in 1944 for Catherine Was Great, which starred Mae West, but left acting to become a Hollywood agent. He discovered his talent for fashion design while making stage costumes for his clients.
The name "Mr. Blackwell" came in the late-1950s when he launched his clothing line. As with Valentino, Versace and later Richard Tyler, he and his line became synonymous. He was an important designer and during the 1960s he became the first in history to present his line on a television broadcast, and was the first to make his line available for plus-size women. His designer dresses sold for between $800 to $1,000 and were very successful. During the nearly two decade existence of the "House of Blackwell", he was designer to Yvonne DeCarlo, Jayne Mansfield, Dorothy Lamour, Jane Russell and California first lady Nancy Reagan. At the height of his prominence, he openly declared his disdain for Women's Wear Daily and its publisher, John Fairchild. During the 1980s, the emerging drift toward casual wear brought an end to The House of Blackwell.
In his beginning years as a designer he was asked to do a one-time article for American Weekly magazine of the "10 Best and Worst Dressed" people and developed the franchise from it. Although best known for his "Worst Dressed" list, he maintained a successful career as a fashion journalist. He was syndicated in The Globe tabloid and wrote features in newspapers and lifestyle magazines. His "Fabulous Fashion Independents" often featured celebrities whom in prior years have been listed in his Ten Worst-Dressed.
The first "Ten Worst-Dressed Women" list premiered in 1960, to moderate media success, but as the House of Blackwell became more successful, the list took off. By its third year every television and radio network and virtually all news services worldwide began to cover it. Forty-seven years after first release, Blackwell annually spent a week after its publication on telephone interviews to fashion magazines, radio programs and news networks. The list is a conglomeration of techniques from first letter alliteration: Martha Stewart – "dull, dowdy and devastatingly dreary" and consonant: "fabulous fashion independents", to free verse: Cher – "A million beads/And one overexposed derriere", and pun: Queen Elizabeth, "Was she the palace Christmas tree, or just a royal clown?" About Wynona Judd – "She looks like Hulk Hogan in sequins." Often, he simply quipped: Martha Stewart – "Dresses like the centerfold for Farmers' Almanac", and other times combines forms: Dixie Chicks – "They look like a trio of truck stop fashion tragedies/ trapped in a typhoon". The list's popularity has waned in some segments of contemporary culture, many feeling that it is mean-spirited. However, Blackwell has displayed personal missives from many celebrities including Dolly Parton, Mariah Carey and country singer Tanya Tucker expressing their thanks for being selected. Other former list alumni like "Hollywood Beat" editor, Marci Weiner – "Why does Marci Weiner always dress like she's auditioning for a Fellini movie?" – who was initially angered by her inclusion, now considers it an honor. Still, despite its decline in universal acceptance, it was nonetheless published each year.
The list spawned a parade of imitators from TMZ's In The Zone: Mr. Blackwell vs. TMZ to the UK's The Sun newspaper's Sun Women Online: Celebrity Style Watch Not all are lists, but virtually all include jibes and jabs similar to those that Blackwell first used to capture media attention in the early 1960s. Harry Shearer's Le Show radio program has featured "Blackwell on Blackwell". Roger Stone, himself known for his taste in fashion, has taken up Blackwell's tradition of best and worst dressed lists (albeit with a greater emphasis on the best dressed) since Blackwell's death.
Television and radioEdit
Mr. Blackwell was a pioneer in television fashion and had been a fixture in the medium throughout his career as a designer and critic. Most recently, he appeared as himself on an episode of the ABC daytime soap, Port Charles. He hosted a daily program on Los Angeles' talk radio powerhouse KABC from 1972–74, moving to KIEV 1975–1981.
In 1968 he starred in his own KCOP two-hour color television special, Mr. Blackwell Presents, with Anna Maria Alberghetti, Nick Adams and Rose Marie. It was the first telecast in history in which a designer presented his line on television. He continued to be recognized as preeminent during his years in the field.
He often participated in audience critique segments on daytime talk and variety shows. He appeared on The Mike Douglas Show on numerous occasions, and on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson, as a guest on the first broadcast after Carson moved the show from New York to Burbank. The May 2, 1972 edition also featured Rob Reiner, George Carlin and Johnny Mathis. He appeared on a total of four additional Tonight Shows between August 1970 and January 1973 and is included in the series Best Of The Tonight Show DVD sets.[episode needed] In 1992 he sued Carson for $11 million after the late night host joked that he had included Mother Teresa on one of his worst-dressed lists. The suit was quickly dismissed.
Blackwell lived in the Hancock Park enclave of Los Angeles with his partner of 60 years, Robert Spencer. In 1964, they rented their home to The Beatles for the English band's first visit to the city. It was leaked to the media, however; and the group made other arrangements. He was also an artist known for his avant-garde, and he published several editions of his work, including his "Mother America" series.
In 2001, Blackwell was diagnosed with Bell's palsy, which causes limited to severe paralysis of facial muscles and can affect eyesight as well. If treated in time, it is completely curable; however, if not treated it can have life lasting effects. Blackwell was unable to unveil the 2000 list at a live news conference for the first time in its 40-year history and remained out of the public eye for six months. He came back for the 2001 "Worst Dressed" and returned to a full, normal social life.
Blackwell died in Los Angeles on October 19, 2008, of complications from an intestinal infection.
In pop cultureEdit
In the Seinfeld television series episode (No. 87), "The Chaperone" originally aired on September 22, 1994, the Kramer character becomes a chaperone for a Miss Rhode Island contestant in a national beauty pageant. In an exchange with Kramer (played by Michael Richards), Seinfeld exclaims, "Well, if it isn't Mr. Blackwell," as Kramer slides into the room. Kramer responds, "Oh, come on! … You're pooh-poohing!" to which Seinfeld responds, "Yes, I pooh-pooh." He was played by Harry Shearer on the May 20, 1995 episode of SCTV's, The Show Formerly Known as The Martin Short Show. In 2006, CBS picked up an AP story about US figure skater Johnny Weir's costume at the Olympics in Turin under the Headline: "Figure Skating Gets Ugly: Mr. Blackwell, You're Wanted At The Olympics".
The Kiss concept album Music from "The Elder", includes a song about a villain named "Mr. Blackwell". The pre choruses include the refrain, "You're cold and mean, and in between / You're rotten to the core", which seems to describe various celebrities' opinions of the real Blackwell.
In Season 4, Episode 2 of Frasier during an exchange between Frasier Crane and Niles Crane, Niles makes a comment about his dwindling financial resources and, after gesturing to his belt, disparagingly whispers "Spanish leather" to evidence his claim. Frasier quickly retorts, "If Mr. Blackwell comes in, I'll create a diversion so you can make a run for it."
An episode of the animated television show The Simpsons featured a parody version of Mr. Blackwell named "Mr. Boswell." A sample quote from "A Streetcar Named Marge": "Memo to Goldie Hawn: Cheerleading tryouts were 30 years ago – let's grow up, shall we?" Bart Simpson, watching him on TV, chuckled and said, "He's such a bitch!"
In "Winky Dink Time", a fifth season episode of the sitcom Two and a Half Men, Charlie Harper exclaims to his nephew Jake, "Please, Mr. Blackwell, I want your opinion!"
In an episode of the television drama Studio 60 on the Sunset Strip, Matt Albie (Matthew Perry) expresses his dismay at his staff's appearance, remarking, "I'm not Blackwell or anything, but holy cow, what the hell are you guys wearing?"
- Juvenile Court (film) (1938) as "Ears" (Dick Selzer)
- Little Tough Guy (film) (1938) as "Bud" (un-credited)
- Promises! Promises (film) (1963) as Jayne Mansfield's wardrobe designer
- The Mike Douglas Show (1967) – Guest appearance
- Mr. Blackwell Presents (1968) TV special (Host, designer and producer)
- The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson (1970–1973) – Five guest appearances
- The Virginia Graham Show (1971) – Guest appearance
- The Mike Douglas Show (1972) – Guest appearance
- The Mike Douglas Show (1975) – Guest appearance
- The Brady Brides (TV series) (1981) "A Pretty Boy Is Like A Melody" (as himself)
- Matt Houston (TV series) (1982) "Deadly Fashion" as "Valentine St. Clair"
- Matlock (1990, two-part episode) as the Art dealer
- Civil Wars (1992) "The Triumph of DeVille" as himself
- Blossom (TV series) (1991) "Blossom: A Rockumentary" as himself
- Hollywood Women (miniseries) (1994) as himself (interviewee) in Segment 4 ("Fear and Violence")
- Howard Stern (TV series) (1995, two episodes) as himself
- Port Charles (soap opera) (1997, 1999) as himself (13 episodes)
- Intimate Portrait of Marilyn Monroe (Lifetime TV documentary) (1998) as himself (interviewee)
- Elvis Is Alive! I Swear I Saw Him Eating Ding Dongs Outside the Piggly Wiggly's (film) (1998) as himself
- Dead End (1935) – billed as Richard Seltzer
- Catherine Was Great (1944) – billed as Dick Ellis
- Blackwell (1991)
- Blackwell (1995)
- From Rags to Bitches: An Autobiography; Stoddart
- "Mr. Blackwell's Best and Worst". legacy.com.
- US Census 1930, Brooklyn, Kings Co., New York, enumeration district 24-1648, supervisor's district 32, sheet 12 A
- "Transcript of the interview with famed fashion designer Mr. Blackwell". Peteranthonyholder.com. 1995-06-03. Retrieved 2015-03-29.
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- Peter Anthony Holder Interview
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- Angelina Jolie was on "Worst" in 2000 and on the "Independents in 2006
- "Meet the Judges". The Golden Needle Awards.
- From Rags to Bitches: An Autobiography
- "McSweeney's Internet Tendency: Mr. Blackwell, a Literary Analysis". McSweeney's Internet Tendency. Archived from the original on 2009-12-25.
- Mr. Blackwell: 30 Years of Fashion Fiascos; Pharos, 1991
- Weiner, Marci (January 18, 2007). "HOLLYWOOD BEAT: God Grew Tired of Us - But not Mr. Blackwell". MovieWeb. Archived from the original on 2009-04-18.
- "Horrors! Look who Blackwell noticed - USATODAY.com". Usatoday.com. Retrieved 2015-03-29.
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- "Fashion Police". Archived from the original on 2012-05-28.
- "Roger Stone: The Stone Zone". Stonezone.com. Retrieved 2015-03-29.
- "Actors, Directors, Writers & Crew - TV.com". tv.com. CBS Interactive.
- "~Los Angeles Radio People, Where Are They Now, B". laradio.com. Retrieved 2015-03-29.
- Marie 2003, p. 264.
- Pittsburgh Press Staff 1968, p. 82.
- Colorado State University Historic Costume & Textile Museum
- "Guests". The Mike Douglas Show. Archived from the original on 2008-11-21.
- http://newyork.craigslist.org/mnh/emd/307272477.html. Retrieved April 16, 2007. Missing or empty
- "Carson Was Just Kidding, L.A. Judge Tells Blackwell". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 2017-07-16.
- "Palm Springs Walk of Stars by date dedicated" (PDF). Palmspringswalkofstars.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-13. Retrieved 2015-03-29.
- Adams, Guy (21 October 2008). "Richard Blackwell and the great crimes of fashion". The Independent. London. Retrieved 2008-10-22.
- "From Rags to Bitches: An Autobiography: Mr. Blackwell, Vernon Patterson: 9781881649571: Amazon.com: Books". amazon.com. pp. 223–225.
- ArtzDirect/ebay.com Blackwell avant-garde series serigraphs and posters "Mother America" Captured April 12, 2007.
- "USATODAY.com - Mr. Blackwell dresses down Bell's Palsy". Usatoday.com. Retrieved 2015-03-29.
- Richard Blackwell, Of Mr. Blackwell's Worst Dressed List, Dies At 86
- "Seinfeld Scripts - The Chaperone". SeinfeldScripts. Retrieved 2015-03-29.
- "SCTV Guide - After SCTV - Martin Short Shows". sctvguide.ca.
- "Figure Skating Gets Ugly". Cbsnews.com. 21 February 2006. Retrieved 2015-03-29.
- "A Streetcar Named Marge". simpsons-scripts.wikidot.com. 8 January 2008. Retrieved 2016-03-15.
- "Shallow Hal Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Jack Black and Gwyneth Paltrow movie". Script-o-rama.com. Retrieved 2015-03-29.
- "Studio 60 on the Sunset Strip (TV Series): The Cold Open (2006)". IMDb.com. Retrieved 2016-03-15.
- Marie, Rose (2003). Hold the Roses. Lexington, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky. p. 264. ISBN 978-0813122649.
- Pittsburgh Press Staff (December 1, 1968). "1968 Blackwell Host At House First Feather Pat's Pointers J Knit Stripes Fashionable". Pittsburgh Press. Pittsburgh: E. W. Scripps Company (then), Block Communications (now). p. 82. Retrieved September 24, 2016. (subscription required)