Mount Longmen (Shanxi)

Lóngmén Shān, Mount Longmen or Longmen Mountain is a mountain in Shanxi province, China. In March–April 2010, the Wangjialing coal mine flood occurred here.

Lóngmén Shān
Chinese: 龙门山
Chinese: 龍門山
pinyin: Lóngmén Shān
The mountain is in Shanxi's southwest, on the border to Shaanxi.
The mountain is in Shanxi's southwest, on the border to Shaanxi.

Lóngmén Shān (red) in the PRC (white), near the border between the provinces of Shanxi (east) and Shaanxi (west).
Highest point
Elevation1,087 m (3,566 ft)[1]
Coordinates35°42′15″N 110°38′55″E / 35.70417°N 110.64861°E / 35.70417; 110.64861Coordinates: 35°42′15″N 110°38′55″E / 35.70417°N 110.64861°E / 35.70417; 110.64861
English translationdragon gate mountain
Language of nameChinese
PronunciationMandarin: [lʊŋ˧˥mən˧˥ʂ̺an˥]
LocationShanxi, China


Lóngmén Shān is where the Yellow River abruptly leaves the vast, rugged expanse of the Loess Plateau that spreads out in the mountain's north and west to enter a plain which connects both to the nearby Linfen Basin in the east and to the Guanzhong Plain further southwest. The mountain is thus a part of the Loess Plateau's southern edge. At the same time, it forms the south-western extreme point of the Lüliang Mountains, a range that runs parallel to the river as it flows south.

The spot at Lóngmén Shān's southwestern tip where the Yellow River breaks through is called Yǔménkǒu (traditional Chinese: 禹門口; simplified Chinese: 禹门口; pinyin: Yǔménkǒu, “Yu's doorway, or gate”). Here, three bridges span the Yellow River. As there are no other nearby bridges either upstream or downstream, this is the only dry connection from Xiangning County and Hejin (in Shanxi province) across the river to Hancheng (in Shaanxi province), hence the name Xiang-Han Yellow River Bridge(s) (Chinese: 乡韩黄河大桥; pinyin: Xiāng-Hán Huáng Hé Dàqiáo).

From Yǔménkǒu, Lóngmén Shān stretches in a straight northeasterly direction and then slightly bends eastward toward its opposite end, where a ravine (Chinese: 青石; pinyin: Qīngshí Yù) breaks through to the plain, separating Lóngmén Shān from the rest of the Lüliang Mountains.


Administratively, the main part of Lóngmén Shān is in the county-level city of Hejin in the prefecture-level city of Yuncheng; only the mountain's northeastern end reaches into Xiangning County in the prefecture-level city of Linfen. All these are in the province of Shanxi, but the similarly named province of Shaanxi is just across the Yellow River that forms the boundary between these two provinces until much further upstream and downstream.


  1. ^ 科图 (KeMap.Net): 河津市地图Archived 2010-06-12 at the Wayback Machine