Mount Gamkonora

Mount Gamkonora is a stratovolcano on Halmahera island, Indonesia. With an elevation of 1,560 metres (5,118 ft), it is the highest peak on the island. It has produced an elongated series of craters along the north–south rift.

Mount Gamkonora
Gamkonora.jpg
Mount Gamkonora in 1984
Highest point
Elevation1,560 m (5,120 ft)[1][2]
Prominence1,560 m (5,120 ft)[1][3]
ListingUltra
Ribu
Coordinates1°22′42″N 127°32′03″E / 1.37833°N 127.53417°E / 1.37833; 127.53417Coordinates: 1°22′42″N 127°32′03″E / 1.37833°N 127.53417°E / 1.37833; 127.53417[1][2]
Geography
Mount Gamkonora is located in Indonesia
Mount Gamkonora
Mount Gamkonora
Halmahera, Indonesia
Geology
Mountain typeStratovolcano
Last eruptionJuly 2007[2]

Mount Gamkonora is an active volcano that produced 13 eruptions with indices from 1 to 5 on the Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI).[4][5] The largest eruption occurred on 20 May 1673 (VEI-5) and was accompanied by a tsunami which inundated the nearby villages.[4] Between 1564 and 1989 the volcano erupted twelve times.[5]

The volcano erupted again on 10 July 2007, with over 8,000 people reported to have fled their homes in the vicinity.[6]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Mountains of the Indonesian Archipelago". peaklist.org. Retrieved 2012-01-22.
  2. ^ a b c "Gamkonora". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2020-09-17.
  3. ^ "Gamkonora, Indonesia". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2012-01-22.
  4. ^ a b "Gamkonora, Eruptive History". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 27 August 2021.
  5. ^ a b McClelland, Lindsay, ed. (1989). Global Volcanism 1975-1985. Prentice Hall. p. 231. ISBN 0-13-357203-X.
  6. ^ "Thousands flee Indonesia volcano". BBC News. 10 July 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-10.