- Not to be confused with: Town of Mount Charleston, Nevada.
Mount Charleston, including Charleston Peak at 11,916 feet (3,632 m), is the highest mountain in both the Spring Mountains and Clark County, in Nevada, United States. It is the eighth-highest mountain in the state. Well separated from higher peaks by large, low basins, Charleston Peak is the most topographically prominent peak in Nevada, and the eighth-most-prominent peak in the contiguous United States. It is one of eight ultra-prominent peaks in Nevada. It is located about 35 miles (56 km) northwest of Las Vegas within the Mount Charleston Wilderness, which is within the Spring Mountains National Recreation Area of the Humboldt–Toiyabe National Forest.
Mount Charleston, with Trout Canyon in the foreground, Charleston peak at left rear
|Elevation||11,916 ft (3,632 m) |
|Prominence||8,241 feet (2,512 m)|
|Parent peak||Mount Jefferson|
|Location||Clark County, Nevada, U.S.|
|Parent range||Spring Mountains|
|Topo map||USGS Charleston Peak|
|Easiest route||Trail hike, class 1|
Mount Charleston is a year-round getaway for Las Vegas's residents and visitors, with a number of hiking trails and a modest ski area. The mountain, which is snow-capped more than half the year, can be seen from parts of the Las Vegas Strip when looking toward the west. Mount Charleston has nearly 200 camp sites and over 150 picnic areas, some of which are RV-accessible.
The village of Mount Charleston, Nevada, lies at its base to the east.
The state of Nevada issues license plates with the caption "Mt. Charleston" and an image of the peak in the background. Sales of the plate supports the natural environment of the Mount Charleston area through grants administered by the Nevada Division of State Lands.
Near its summit are the remnants of a 1955 plane crash. A CIA C-54 Military Air Transport Service plane crashed near the peak on November 17, 1955 during a blizzard. The plane was on route from Groom Lake (or Watertown Strip) to nearby Area 51 to work on a secret U-2 plane development. Fourteen men (a mix of military staffers and civilian subcontractors, engineers, and technicians) were on board when it crashed, all of whom perished. There are still remains from the plane that can be hiked to just off the main southern loop trail to the peak.
A memorial featuring the propeller from the downed aircraft (which was recovered decades after the crash from the crash site) was installed at the Spring Mountains Visitor Gateway in 2015. It was Nevada's first national memorial and the first on U.S. Forest Service land.
Charleston Peak is a popular destination for hikers. The summit offers panoramic views from the Sierra Nevada, Death Valley, and Las Vegas. There are two well-marked and well-maintened trails to the summit: South Loop Trail and North Loop/Trail Canyon. The trails can be done on their own as an out-and-back hike, or combined as a loop. Both approaches involve a strenuous 16-mile+ round trip with over 4000 feet of climbing. The hike often takes all day. The hike is most accessible in the snow-free months of summer and fall.
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- "Charleston". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved 2008-04-02.
- "Charleston Peak". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2011-05-18.
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- "Nevada Charitable and Collegiate License Plates". Nevada Department of Motor Vehicles. Retrieved 2008-11-08.
- Federal Writers' Project (1941). Origin of Place Names: Nevada (PDF). W.P.A. p. 14.
- "Spring Mountains Visitor Gateway". Go Mt. Charleston. Retrieved 2018-12-28.
- "Charleston Peak : Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering : SummitPost". www.summitpost.org. Retrieved 2018-12-28.