Mount Aspiring National Park

Mount Aspiring National Park is in the Southern Alps of the South Island of New Zealand, north of Fiordland National Park, situated in Otago and Westland regions. The park forms part of the Te Wahipounamu World Heritage Site.

Mount Aspiring National Park
West Matukituki Valley and the Matukituki River seen from Cascade Saddle
Map showing the location of Mount Aspiring National Park
Map showing the location of Mount Aspiring National Park
Map of New Zealand
Nearest cityWānaka
Coordinates44°23′S 168°44′E / 44.383°S 168.733°E / -44.383; 168.733
Area3,562 km2 (1,375 sq mi)
Established1964
Governing bodyDepartment of Conservation
Official nameTe Wāhipounamu – South West New Zealand
TypeNatural
Criteriavii, viii, ix, x
Designated1990 (14th session)
Reference no.551
RegionOceania

History

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Expansion

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Landsborough Station addition

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In April 2005 the Nature Heritage Fund purchased private land in the Landsborough River valley as an addition to the park.[1]

Milford Sound tunnel proposal

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In 2006, the Milford Dart Company asked the Department of Conservation to amend the Mt Aspiring National Park Management Plan to allow an additional road within the park for a bus tunnel, the so-called Milford Tunnel, from the Routeburn Road to the Hollyford Valley to take tourists to Milford Sound.[2] The tunnel would have established a connection via Glenorchy and would have significantly reduced the current return travel time from Queenstown to Milford Sound of 9 hours.[3]

In December 2007, the New Zealand Conservation Authority declined to adopt the amendment to the Management Plan. The Conservation Authority considered the proposed road would not add to the use and enjoyment of Mount Aspiring National Park and that the adverse effects of construction and use of the road in the National Park would outweigh any benefits.[4]

The proposal gained approval in principle by the Department of Conservation in 2011, but was rejected by the Minister of Conservation, Nick Smith, in July 2013. Smith stated that "the proposal was beyond what was appropriate for a World Heritage Area." The managing director of the company behind the proposal stated that he was "disappointed of course. National trying to out-green the greens. Going skiing."[3]

Recent history

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Mining proposal

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In 2009 the National-led government of New Zealand indicated that Mount Aspiring National Park may be opened up to mining. Around 20% of the total area of the park, mainly in the western portions around the Red Hill Range, and the north eastern parts, could be removed from the park and mined.[5][6] Prospectors here are particularly interested in carbonatite deposits including rare earth elements and tungsten. The Green Party warned that the park is one of New Zealand's main tourism drawcards, and that mining here could do significant damage to the country's image.[7]

Geography

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Established in 1964 as New Zealand's tenth national park, Mount Aspiring National Park covers 3,562 square kilometres (1,375 sq mi) at the southern end of the Southern Alps, directly to the west of Lake Wānaka, and is popular for tramping, walking and mountaineering. Mount Aspiring / Tititea, elevation 3,033 metres (9,951 ft) above sea level, gives the park its name.[8] Other prominent peaks within the park include Mount Pollux, elevation 2,542 metres (8,340 ft), and Mount Brewster, elevation 2,519 metres (8,264 ft).

The Haast Pass, one of the three principal road routes over the Southern Alps, crosses the north-eastern corner of the park.

Glaciers

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Mount Aspiring is still home to over 100 glaciers, that contributed to the formation of the valleys in the national park.[9] U-shaped valleys with steep sides can be found throughout Mount Aspiring National Park, which was formed through glaciation in the region 16,000 –18,000 years ago during the Ōtira Ice Age.

Conservation and human interaction

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Visitor centre

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Mt Aspiring Visitor Centre (July 2021)

The Mount Aspiring National Park visitor centre is located in Wānaka on the Corner of Ardmore St and Ballentyne Rd.[10]

Activities

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Popular tramping and hiking tracks in the park include:

See also

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References

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  1. ^ Honourable Chris Carter, Landsborough Station purchased for national park Archived 27 November 2005 at the Wayback Machine, Media Release, New Zealand Government, 22 April 2005
  2. ^ "Amendment to park plan proposed for Milford Dart" (Press release). New Zealand Conservation Authority. 8 March 2006. Retrieved 4 March 2010.
  3. ^ a b Fox, Michael (17 July 2013). "Government rejects Milford Tunnel". The Press. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  4. ^ "Roading Amendment to National Park Management Plan is declined" (Press release). Kerry Marshall, Chair, NZ Conservation Authority. 13 December 2007. Retrieved 23 March 2008.
  5. ^ Green Party Archived 3 December 2009 at the Wayback Machine – documents released under the OIA.
  6. ^ "Leaked report recommends mining option for Mt Aspiring". The New Zealand Herald. NZPA. 1 December 2009. Retrieved 26 October 2011.
  7. ^ Cumming, Geoff (6 March 2010). "Miners press to enter the green zone". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 26 March 2010.
  8. ^ "Data Table – Protected Areas – LINZ Data Service". Land Information New Zealand. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  9. ^ PeakVisor. "Mount Aspiring National Park". PeakVisor. Retrieved 5 December 2023.
  10. ^ "DOC Tititea / Mt Aspiring National Park Visitor Centre | Visitor Information Centres in Wanaka, New Zealand". www.newzealand.com. Retrieved 24 July 2021.
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