Motherland Party (Iran)

Motherland Party,[1] National Party[3] or Patriotic Party[4] (Persian: حزب میهن‎, romanizedḤezb-e Mihan) was a party in Iran during 1940s.[1] It was a small organization of intellectuals[4] and a triumvirate of three parties called Peykār (transl. Battle) Esteqlāl (transl. Independence) and Mihanparastān (transl. Patriots).[2]

Motherland Party
LeaderKarim Sanjabi
Merger ofBattle Party, Patriots' Party and Independence Party
Merged intoIran Party
NewspaperIran-e Ma[2]
IdeologyIranian nationalism

The party enjoyed influence in western parts of Iran due to its leader, Karim Sanjabi,[1] who came from a Kurdish tribal nobility background.[5]

The central leadership of the Motherland Party voted to merge it with the Iran Party[4] because of the common objectives and the approach of resistance adopted by both parties. As a result, the latter succeeded the branches and offices of the party in various cities.[1] They later became part of the National Front.[3]


  1. ^ a b c d e Haddad Adel, Gholamali; Elmi, Mohammad Jafar; Taromi-Rad, Hassan. "Iran Party". Political Parties: Selected Entries from Encyclopaedia of the World of Islam. EWI Press. pp. 141–151. ISBN 9781908433022.
  2. ^ a b Parvin, Nassereddin. "IRĀN-E MĀ". In Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.). Encyclopædia Iranica. Bibliotheca Persica Press. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
  3. ^ a b Frank Tachau (1994). "National Party (Hezb-e Mihan)". Political parties of the Middle East and North Africa. Greenwood Press. p. 164. ISBN 9780313266492.
  4. ^ a b c Abrahamian, Ervand (1982). Iran Between Two Revolutions. Princeton University Press. pp. 300. ISBN 0-691-10134-5.
  5. ^ Abrahamian, Ervand (1982). Iran Between Two Revolutions. Princeton University Press. pp. 254. ISBN 0-691-10134-5.