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Morni is a village and tourist attraction in the Morni Hills at the height of 1,267 metres (4,157 ft) in the Panchkula district of the Indian state of Haryana. It is located around 45 kilometres (28 mi) from Chandigarh, 35 kilometres (22 mi) from Panchkula city and is known for its Himalayan views, flora, and lakes. The name of Morni is believed to derive from a queen who once ruled the area two thousand years back. She was a just and noble ruler of her Queendom.
|Elevation||1,220 m (4,000 ft)|
|Listing||List of Indian states and territories by highest point|
|Location||Panchkula district, Haryana|
|Parent range||Shivalik Hills of Himalayas|
|Easiest route||Hike / scramble|
- 1 Geography
- 2 Tourism
- 3 Gallery
- 4 References
The Morni Hills are offshoots of the Shivalik range of the Himalayas, which run in two parallel ranges. The village of Morni lies on the mountainside, at 1,220 metres (4,000 ft) above mean sea level. Among the spurs of the hills lie two lakes, the larger of these being about 550 metres (1,800 ft) long and 460 metres (1,510 ft) broad, and the smaller around 365 metres (1,198 ft) either way.
The Haryana Government has constructed the Mountain Quail Resort for tourists, along with a motorable road to connect the Morni Hills with the Haryana State Highway near Panchkula. Three further roads connect Morni to Chandigarh and other nearby towns.
Haryana Tourism runs the Mountain Quail tourist resort at Tikkar Taal, grounds of which also have dormitory style camping accommodation for campers. Indian Forest Department rest house named Lal Munia and a PWD rest house have also been constructed to accommodate tourists and trekkers. The resort includes playgrounds for children, along with a roller skating rink and a swimming pool. Tikker taal itself has large camping and picnic ground with outdoor seats, cobbled paths, a very high fountain, picnic facilities, boating, paragliding, cafe, adventure park for kids built in 2013.
Morni Fort MuseumEdit
Forests Department of Haryana has converted the fort into a museum and nature study centre which houses old photographs of the fort, endangered birds and animals, awareness of dangers of plastic, etc.
Garhi Kotaha FortEdit
Garhi Kotaha is a fort on NH1 which lies 27 km south of the Morni Fort and 3 km east of Raipur Rani tehsil headquarter. It now lie in ruins since it was partially demolished by the British Raj after the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Mir muslims of Kotaha ruled from Garhi Kotaha Fort with smaller forts at Morni and Massompur.
Masoompur Fort is a smaller outpost fort with thick stone-brick masonry walls on a mud hillock. It is northeast of Massompur village which is 5km from the main Garhi Kotaha Fort via road passing through Rehana village. It was built to control the access route to Samlotha temple, which lies northeast of the fort, to collect the hefty jizya (religious ransom tax)from the Hindus pilgrimage.
Twin lakes of Tikkar Taal: Bhim Taal and Draupdi TaalEdit
A hill divides the two lakes, the larger one is called Bhim Taal or just Tikkar Taal which is 550 meter wide and 460 meter long and the smaller one is called Draupdi Taal or Chota Tikkar Taal (meaning the little tikkar lake) is 365 meter wide and long, as the legend goes there is a hidden channel linking them, as the water level of two lakes remains roughly the same. Morni locals look upon the lakes as sacred.
Morni Hill WaterfallEdit
Morni Pheasant Breeding CenterEdit
Morni Pheasant Breeding Center focuses on the breeding of red junglefowls and kalij pheasants, and regularly releases birds raised in captivity into the wild every year. Red junglefowl had become extinct from most of its range and there are concerns of loss of its genetic purity due to breeding with other related species of fowls. Consequently, in 1991-92 a pheasant breeding center at Morni Hills was established with 6 aviaries and a walk-in a aviary to preserve the wild breed.
Morni Hill Archaeological Temple SiteEdit
Thakur Dwar temple, dedicated to lord Krishna, at the banks of Tikkar Taal is built on the site of 10th Century temple. Excavations in 1970 found Hindu sculptures dating back to Pratihara era (7th to 11th century CE), some of which are housed at Government Museum and Art Gallery, Chandigarh and some remain in-situ at the Thakur Dwara temple at Morni Hills.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Morni Hills and Tikkar Taal.|
- Jatayu Conservation Breeding Centre, Pinjore
- Adi Badri, Haryana
- Geography of Haryana
- List of National Parks & Wildlife Sanctuaries of Haryana, India
- List of mountains in India
- List of mountains by elevation
- World Herbal Forest
- "Morni hills". Haryana Tourism. 2008. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
- http://haryana.punjabkesari.in/hisar/news/cm-has-done-inspection-of-herbal-forests-734137 CM has done inspection of herbal forests, Punjab Kesari, 8 Jan 2018.
- Haryana Samvad, Oct 2018, p38-40.
- Masoompur fort ruins.
- http://tourism.webindia123.com/tourism/hillstations/Morni/index.htm Morni Hills
- Taals of Morni hill.
- Tikker lake
- Red junglefowl.
- William Wilson Hunter, 1885, The Imperial Gazetteer of India.
- Morni Hills Thakur Dwara temple.
- H.A. Rose, 1911, A Glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province.
- 1934, Gazetteer of the Sirmur State.