Moqaddam family

The Moqaddam family were the governors of the Iranian town of Maragheh between the 18th and 20th-centuries.[1]

Originally, the Moqaddam family were supposedly tribal leaders from the Caucasus, and had moved to Iran in the late 18th-century. However, by the early 19th-century, the family was a settled people, possessing a great number of villages.[2]

The administration of Maragheh was similar to the Qajar administration. For five generations the Moqaddams managed to have significant autonomy from the central government.[3]

After the abolition of Moqaddam authority in 1925 by Reza Shah, the members of the dynasty were expelled. They went into exile in Azerbaijan and Turkey. The descendants of the dynasty now live in various countries, and take the surnames Mükeddem, Mükeddem-Marağayi, Etimadi-Mükeddam and others.[4]


The Moqaddam governors of Maragheh were the following:

  • Ahmad Khan Moqaddam (?–1830)[5]
  • Hossein Pasha Khan (1830–1848)[6]
  • Eskandar Khan (late 1848–late 1890s)[7]
  • Samad Khan Shoja al-Dowleh (late 1890s–1911)[8]
  • Eskandar Khan Sadar Nasr (1911–1925)[9]


  1. ^ Good 1977, pp. 132–133.
  2. ^ Good 1977, p. 133.
  3. ^ Good 1977, p. 132.
  4. ^ Atkin, Muriel (2008). Russia and Iran, 1780—1828 (2nd ed.). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. ISBN 0-521-58336-5.
  5. ^ Good 1977, pp. 133–134.
  6. ^ Good 1977, p. 134.
  7. ^ Good 1977, p. 135, 138.
  8. ^ Good 1977, p. 138.
  9. ^ Good 1977, p. 135.


  • Bournoutian, George (2021). From the Kur to the Aras: A Military History of Russia's Move into the South Caucasus and the First Russo-Iranian War, 1801–1813. Brill. ISBN 978-9004445154.
  • Good, Mary-Jo Delvecchio (1977). "Social Hierarchy in Provincial Iran: The Case of Qajar Maragheh". Iranian Studies. 10 (3): 129–163. JSTOR 4310267. (registration required)