Monumental church complex of Sant Pere de Terrassa
Monumental church complex of Sant Pere is a Bien de Interés Cultural landmark in Terrassa, Province of Barcelona, Spain. The Romanesque complex of churches includes Sant Pere, Sant Miquel and Santa Maria (San Pedro, San Miguel and Santa María). They are situated at the confluence of Vallparadís and Monner (now Park Vallparadís), the most important artistic area of the city, which is noted for Catalan Romanesque art. It was the site of the former Diocese of Egara, an old Visigoth nucleus, in the 5th-8th centuries.
The three churches were built near the old Roman Égara (whose remains are still preserved), which was the seat of the Bishop of Égara around the year 450 and lasted until the Saracen invasion in the 8th century. The episcopal group adhered to the ancient Byzantine model of three churches: San Pedro, Santa Maria and San Miguel. After a long construction process, the current churches, of Romanesque design, were completed in present form during the 11th and 12th centuries during the Visigoth era. In the 12th century, Santa María served as an Augustinian canonry till 1392. The church of San Pedro de Égara, home of the parish, lost its parish status in 1601 and became part of the new bishopric of Terrassa, currently the Terrassa Cathedral. In the 19th century, San Pedro regained its status of parish church.
Architects, archaeologists and historians, including Francisco de Paula Villar, Lluís Muncunill i Parellada, Josep Puig i Cadafalch, Josep de Calassanç Serra i Ràfols, and Jordi Ambròs continued research on the monuments at different times during the 20th century, in order to discover the episcopal history and that of the Roman Ègara. The work was highlighted by Puig, who made a thorough study of all historical restorations and excavations in Santa Maria and San Miguel. Puig also dealth with the reconstruction of the complex by adding a pool surrounded by eight central columns. Pere Antoni Ventalló i Vintró analyzed the constructive elements within San Miguel before the interventions by Puig. The site was declared a national monument in 1931, and a Bien de Interés Cultural landmark in 1985. The set of churches forms one part of the six sections of Terrassa Museum.
- Bergnes de las Casas, Antonio (1833). Diccionario geográfico universal : redactado de los mas recientes y acreditados diccionarios de Europa, particularmente españoles, franceses, ingleses y alemanes, por una sociedad de literatos, S.B.M.F.C.L.D. (Public domain ed.).CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Media related to Conjunt monumental de les esglésies de Sant Pere de Terrassa at Wikimedia Commons