Montréal-Nord

Montreal North (French: Montréal-Nord) is a borough (arrondissement) of the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. It consists entirely of the former city of Montréal-Nord on Island of Montreal in southwestern Quebec. It was amalgamated into the City of Montreal on January 1, 2002.

Arrondissement de Montréal-Nord
Montréal-Nord Borough Hall
Montréal-Nord Borough Hall
Official logo of Arrondissement de Montréal-Nord
Montréal-Nord location on the Island of Montreal.
Montréal-Nord location on the Island of Montreal.
Coordinates: 45°36′N 73°37′W / 45.600°N 73.617°W / 45.600; -73.617
Country Canada
Province Quebec
CityMontreal
RegionMontréal
Incorporated1915 (from Sault-au-Récollet)
Merge into
Montreal
January 1, 2002
Electoral Districts
Federal

Bourassa
Honoré-Mercier
ProvincialBourassa-Sauvé
Maurice-Richard
Government
 • TypeBorough
 • MayorChristine Black (EM)
 • Federal MP(s)Emmanuel Dubourg (LPC)
Pablo Rodríguez (LPC)
 • Quebec MNAPaule Robitaille (LIB)
Marie Montpetit (LIB)
Area
 • Land11.1 km2 (4.3 sq mi)
Population
 • Total84,234
 • Density7,623.0/km2 (19,743/sq mi)
 • Dwellings
35,015
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)(514) and (438)
Access Routes[5]
A-25

Route 125
Websitewww.ville.montreal.qc.ca/mtlnord

Around the start of the 21st century, Montréal-Nord developed a reputation of being one of Montreal's most dangerous boroughs, along with Hochelaga-Maisonneuve. The area contains a sizable community living below the poverty line, though it also has middle-class and upper-middle-class residences. It's also home to one of Canada's largest Haitian communities.

GeographyEdit

 
Pierre Granche's sculpture in park in Montréal-Nord.

The borough is an oblong municipal division situated along the Rivière des Prairies, in the northeastern part of the island.

It is bordered to the west by Ahuntsic-Cartierville, to the southwest by Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension, to the south by Saint Leonard, at the southeast corner by Anjou, and to the east by Rivière-des-Prairies–Pointe-aux-Trembles. The borough counts 29 parks and leisure structures.

Major thoroughfares in Montréal-Nord include Saint-Michel Blvd., Pie IX Blvd. (Autoroute 25), Lacordaire Blvd., Langelier Blvd., Léger Blvd., and Henri-Bourassa Blvd. The Pie IX Bridge connects Montréal-Nord to the Laval district of Saint-Vincent-de-Paul.

It has an area of 11.07 km² and a population of 83,911.

PoliticsEdit

Federal and provincial electionsEdit

The borough is located almost entirely in the federal riding of Bourassa, except for a tiny southeastern corner in Honoré-Mercier.

The provincial electoral district of Bourassa-Sauvé is coterminous with the borough except for a northwestern section in the electoral district of Maurice-Richard.

Demographics[4]Edit

Historical populations
YearPop.±%
196667,806—    
197189,140+31.5%
197697,250+9.1%
198194,914−2.4%
198690,303−4.9%
199185,516−5.3%
199681,581−4.6%
200183,600+2.5%
200683,911+0.4%
201183,868−0.1%
201684,234+0.4%
Home language (2016)
Language Population Percentage (%)
French 48,010 67%
English 5,635 8%
Other languages 18,515 26%
Mother Tongue (2016)
Language Population Percentage (%)
French 40,965 52%
English 3,115 4%
Other languages 34,500 44%
Visible Minorities (2016)
Ethnicity Population Percentage (%)
Not a visible minority 41,885 51.3%
Visible minorities 39,755 48.7%

GovernmentEdit

Borough councilEdit

District Position Name   Party
Borough mayor
City councillor
Christine Black   Ensemble Montréal
Marie-Clarac City councillor Abdelhaq Sari   Ensemble Montréal
Borough councillor Jean Marc Poirier   Ensemble Montréal
Ovide-Clermont City councillor Chantal Rossi   Ensemble Montréal
Borough councillor Philippe Thermidor   Ensemble Montréal

According to the 2016 Census, visible minorities made up 48.7% of the population.

RiotEdit

For yet undisclosed reasons on August 9, 2008 officers of the Service de police de la Ville de Montréal shot and killed Honduran immigrant Fredy Alberto Villanueva.[6] This served to set off the tensions that had already been simmering in this multi-ethnic borough, and riots erupted the next evening, after an otherwise peaceful protest march in the afternoon. Rioters looted neighborhood stores, several cars and garbage cans were set on fire, one paramedic and two police officers were wounded and one female police officer shot.[7] Firetrucks and firefighters arriving to put out the fires were then targeted by the rioters.[6]

EducationEdit

Primary and secondary schoolsEdit

The Commission scolaire de la Pointe-de-l'Île (CSPÎ) operates French-language public schools. Public high schools that are part of this school board in this borough are École secondaire Calixa-Lavallée and École Secondaire Henri-Bourassa.[8] There is also the Le Prélude program.[9] There are 14 Francophone primary schools in Montréal-Nord.[10]

The English Montreal School Board operates Anglophone public schools:

Prior to 1998 it was in the Montreal Catholic School Commission (CECM) and the Protestant School Board of Greater Montreal, as at that time public schools were by religious denomination instead of on linguistic lines. In 1998 some schools in the eastern portion of CECM were transferred to the former area of Commission scolaire Jérôme-Le Royer, which at that time became the territory of the CSPÎ.[14]

Public librariesEdit

The borough has four libraries of the Montreal Public Libraries Network: Belleville, Bibliothèque de la Maison culturelle et communautaire, Charleroi, and Henri-Bourassa.[15]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ministère des Affaires Municipales et Régions: Montréal-Nord
  2. ^ Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: BOURASSA (Quebec)
    Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: HONORÉ-MERCIER (Quebec)
  3. ^ Chief Electoral Officer of Québec - 40th General Election Riding Results: BOURASSA-SAUVÉ
    Chief Electoral Officer of Québec - 40th General Election Riding Results: CRÉMAZIE
  4. ^ a b http://ville.montreal.qc.ca/pls/portal/docs/PAGE/MTL_STATS_FR/MEDIA/DOCUMENTS/PROFIL_SOCIOD%C9MO_MONTR%C9AL-NORD%202016.PDF[bare URL PDF]
  5. ^ Official Transport Quebec Road Map
  6. ^ a b "Family 'destroyed' by death of Montreal man shot by police". CBC News. 15 August 2008.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-11-05. Retrieved 2013-08-04.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "LÂCHE PAS! Tu vas réussir toute une expérience. École Amos is one of the high schools for adults located in this borough on St-Vital's boulevard. Elementary schools located in Montreal-Nord are Saint-Remi, Saint-Vincent-Marie, Pierre-de-Coubertin, René-Guénette, Sainte-Gertrude and many others.Archived 2015-09-23 at the Wayback Machine" Commission scolaire de la Pointe-de-l'Île. Retrieved on December 8, 2014. PDF p. 22/24.
  9. ^ "Secondaire Archived 2015-03-31 at archive.today." Commission scolaire de la Pointe-de-l'Île. Retrieved on December 8, 2014.
  10. ^ "Primaire Archived 2015-03-31 at archive.today." Commission scolaire de la Pointe-de-l'Île. Retrieved on December 8, 2014.
  11. ^ http://www.emsb.qc.ca/fr/adults_fr/pages/adultacademic.asp?id=86 - http://www.emsb.qc.ca/en/adults_en/pages/adultacademic.asp?id=86
  12. ^ "About Our School." Gerald McShane School. Retrieved on December 8, 2014.
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-07-22. Retrieved 2014-12-07.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ Lagacé, Roger. "L’école Calixa Lavallée: depuis plus de 40 ans à Montréal-Nord." Métro (Canadian newspaper). 14 January 2015. Retrieved on 4 August 2016.
  15. ^ "Les bibliothèques par arrondissement." Montreal Public Libraries Network. Retrieved on December 7, 2014.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 45°36′N 73°37′W / 45.600°N 73.617°W / 45.600; -73.617 (Nontreal-Nord)