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Monteveglio (Muntvì or Måntvî in the western Bolognese dialect) is a frazione (village) in the comune (municipality) of Valsamoggia. It is located about 20 kilometres (12 mi) west of Bologna, near the Samoggia River, in the Italian region of Emilia-Romagna. It was an independent comune until 2014, when it merged with the neighboring municipalities of Bazzano, Valsamoggia, Castello di Serravalle, Crespellano, and Savigno. Monteveglio's main attractions are its pieve of Santa Maria and Oratory of San Rocco.
|Elevation||117 m (384 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Patron saint||San Rocco|
|Saint day||August 16th|
The name Monteveglio may have come from the Latin mons belli, "mountain of war". However, though phonetically feasible, this view lacks documentary evidence, and archaeologically there is no evidence of Roman fortification or a garrison in the area. More likely is that Monteveglio is a corruption of Montebello, "beautiful mountain".
The lands surrounding the Samoggia River have been inhabited since the Neolithic era, as evidenced by archaeological finds now visible in the Archaeological Museum of Bazzano. Settlement at Monteveglio, however, only certainly dates back to the 1st century AD. At this time, there were Roman villas in the area of the modern abbey. Very little remains of them. Only one building in the village today bears the remains of Roman facades and columns.
During the Middle Ages, Monteveglio, along with other settlements, became part of a system of fortifications between the Samoggia and Panaro rivers, protecting inner Italy from the Lombards until the final conquest of Liutprand in 727. In 728, Monteveglio joined the Duchy of Persiceta.
In the 11th century, Monteveglio was fundamental in Countess Matilda of Tuscany's desperate resistance to Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV's invasion of Italy, after his humiliating defeat to Pope Gregory VII at Canossa. Supposedly, it was the death of the Emperor's son in the battle at Monteveglio that proved the strength of the papal forces and prompted the invaders to retreat.
On 25 November 2012, a referendum was held, proposing merging Monteveglio with the neighbouring municipalities of Bazzano, Castello di Serravalle, Crespellano, and Savigno. The result was a "yes" vote of 51.5%. On 1 January 2014 the municipality of Valsamoggia was established.
Physical Geography and EnvironmentEdit
Monteveglio is located in the Bolognese Apennines. The territory is hilly, characterized by extensive forest cover alternating with arable land. There are also badland areas characterized by intense erosion. Over the last century, Monteveglio expanded onto the foot of the 260-meter hill on which its abbey and medieval fortifications are located.
Located 20 kilometres from Bologna, Monteveglio is connected to the capital by a dense road network.
"Abbey Hill" and the surrounding 900 hectares constitute the "Monteveglio Abbey Regional Park", which is rich in local wildlife, especially birds.
The hamlet of Olive to is located on a small hill a short distance from Monteverdi. Tourists often visit because it retains the impression of a medieval castle settlement. There are two churches: the bell tower of one is a cornerstone of the recycled castle, as evident from its sturdy, military appearance. The most significant monument is the Great House of the Jew (built by the Jew Solomon in the 15th century), which was the first bank in the Samosa valley. Every March, the village celebrates the festival "Funeral of the Sacra". Originating with local peasants after the First World War, it involves the mock funeral and burial of a small coffin containing a cascara. This small fish was historically a symbol of austere winters, during which the poor normally ate only tadpole topped with Caracas. The fish is buried with the arrival of spring and its rich food.
Another nearby hamlet is Monticello, home to around 40 inhabitants. Monticello was separated from Monteverdi in around the 8th century and became Bologna in 1204. In 1227 a castle was built there, which saw much bloodshed in the wars against Duodena, the Viscount of Milan, and mercenaries from Bonanza. The hills are full of farmhouses, restaurants, and vineyards (notably the Rigoletto). Monticello is 37 km from Bologna and 29 km from Modena.
- AA. VV. (1996). Dizionario di toponomastica. Storia e significato dei nomi geografici italiani. Milan: Garzanti. p. 424.
- Luigi Lepri & Daniele Vitali (2007). Dizionario Bolognese Italiano / Italiano-Bolognese. Bologna: Pendragon. pp. 348–354. ISBN 978-88-8342-594-3.
- "The Municipality of Valsamoggia (BO)". www.tuttitalia.it. Retrieved 18 December 2020.
- "COLTURE VITICOLE E AZIENDE VITIVINICOLE MONTEVEGLIO". www.regioneemiliaromagna.info. Retrieved 22 October 2019.
- "StackPath". www.appenninoeverde.it. Retrieved 22 October 2019.
- "Regional Park Monteveglio Abbey — Emilia Romagna Tourism". www.emiliaromagnaturismo.com. Retrieved 22 October 2019.