1992–93 Montenegrin general election

General elections were held in Montenegro, at the time a constituent republic of Yugoslavia, on 20 December 1992. A second round of the presidential election was held on 10 January 1993. The elections were seen as a referendum on independence for Montenegro, and were won by the Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro who favoured greater autonomy within Yugoslavia. The presidential elections were won by Momir Bulatović, who received 63.4% of the vote in the second round.[1] The result of the parliamentary elections was a victory for the Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro (DPS) who succeed ruling League of Communists of Montenegro. DPS won 46 of the 85 seats.

1992–93 Montenegrin general election

Presidential election
← 1990 20 December 1992 (first round)
10 January 1993 (second round)
1997 →
  Momir Bulatović (cropped).jpg Branko Kostić.jpg
Candidate Momir Bulatović Branko Kostić
Party DPS Independent
Popular vote 158,722 92,045
Percentage 63.3% 36.7%

President before election

Momir Bulatović
DPS

Elected President

Momir Bulatović
DPS

Parliamentary election

← 1990 20 December 1992 1996 →
Party Leader % Seats ±
DPS Momir Bulatović 42.66 46 -37
NS Novak Kilibarda 12.71 14 -1
LSCG Slavko Perović 12.04 13 New
SRS Duško Sekulić 7.56 8 New
SDPR Miodrag Marović 4.01 4 New
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Prime Minister before Prime Minister after
Milo Đukanović
DPS
Milo Đukanović
DPS

BackgroundEdit

The breakup of Yugoslavia drew new boundaries in the Montenegrin political scene. The League of Communists of Montenegro formally changed their identity, renaming themselves the Democratic Party of Socialists. After the president of DPS, Momir Bulatović, initially showed support for Carrington's 1991 peace plan, he was summoned to Belgrade by Borisav Jović and Slobodan Milošević, who persuaded him to reverse his commitment to Carrington.[2] As a result, Bulatović no longer pursued Montenegrin independence under the Carrington model and agreed to holding an independence referendum in 1992. Although there was a boycott among those who wanted independence, Montenegrin voters chose to remain within Yugoslavia. Even so, Bulatović's brief support for the Carrington plan deeply shook Milošević's confidence in him as a political ally. Milošević ultimately supported Branko Kostić, also from DPS, ahead of the presidential election in 1993.[3]

ResultsEdit

National AssemblyEdit

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro 126,083 42.66 46 –37
People's Party of Montenegro 37,549 12.71 14 +1
Liberal Alliance of Montenegro 35,596 12.04 13 New
Serbian Radical Party 22,329 7.56 8 New
Social Democratic Party of Reformists 13,002 4.1 4 New
Democratic Alliance in Montenegro 11,393 3.85 0 New
Socialist Party of Montenegro 8,433 2.85 0 New
Democratic Opposition[a] 7,847 2.65 0
League of Communists – Movement for Yugoslavia 6,249 2.11 0 New
Civic Group - Association of Fighters '91-'92 4,230 1.43 0 New
Serbian National Renewal for Montenegro and Herzegovina 3,905 1.32 0 New
Demo-Christian (Orthodox) Party 2,484 0.84 0 0
Civic Group-Ecological Movement of Montenegro 2,078 0.7 0 New
Communist Party of Yugoslavia in Montenegro 1,932 0.65 0 0
Social Democratic Party of Montenegro 1,199 0.41 0 New
New Communist Movement of Yugoslavia 1,092 0.37 0 New
Serbian Fatherland Movement 962 0.32 0 New
Civic Group-Democratic Left–Humanism and Technical Progress 705 0.24 0 New
Montenegrin Federalist Movement-Cetinje 561 0.19 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 7,685
Total 295,519 100 85 –40
Registered voters/turnout 67.31
Vote share
DPS
42.66%
NS
12.71%
LSCG
12.04%
SRS
7.56%
SDPR
4.01%
DS
3.85%
SP
2.85%
DO
2.65%
SK–PJ
2.11%
Others
6.29%
Parliamentary seats
DPS (46)
54.12%
NS (14)
16.47%
LSCG (13)
15.29%
SRS (8)
9.41%
SDPR (4)
4.71%

a The Democratic Opposition consisted of the Democratic Party, the People's Democratic Party, the Democratic Alliance of Independent Businessmen and the Serbian Democratic Party.

PresidentEdit

Candidate First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Momir Bulatović 123,183 42.8 158,722 63.3
Branko Kostić 68,296 23.7 92,045 36.7
Slavko Perović 52,736 18.3
Novak Kilibarda 25,979 9.0
Dragan Hajduković 10,270 3.6
Slobodan Vujošević 2,770 1.0
Veselin Kaluđerović 1,606 0.6
Predrag Popović 1,419 0.5
Živojin Kiro Radović 1,399 0.5
Invalid/blank votes 8,150 2,863
Total 295,808 100 253,630 100
Registered voters/turnout 429,047 68.9 429,047 59.1
Source: Slavic-Eurasian Research Centre
First round
Bulatović
42.8%
Kostić
23.7%
Perović
18.3%
Kilibarda
9.0%
Others
6.2%
Second round
Bulatović
63.3%
Kostić
36.7%

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Montenegro. Presidential Election 1992 Electoral Geography
  2. ^ Morrison 2009, p. 99-101.
  3. ^ Novak Adžić (4 May 2019). "Predsjednički izbori u Crnoj Gori 1992/93. godine: Prve pukotine u vlasti i biranje "manjeg zla"". Vijesti (in Serbian).

BibliographyEdit

Morrison, Kenneth (2009). Nationalism, Identity and Statehood in Post-Yugoslav Montenegro. London: I.B. Tauris & Co Ltd. ISBN 978-1-84511-710-8.