Monte San Valentín

Monte San Valentin, also known as Monte San Clemente, is the highest mountain in Chilean Patagonia[2] and the highest mountain south of 37°S outside Antarctica. It stands at the north end of the North Patagonian Icefield.

Monte San Valentin
Lago Gral. Carrera 01.JPG
San Valentin as seen from the shore of Lake General Carrera
Highest point
Elevation4,058 m (13,314 ft)[1]
Prominence3,696 m (12,126 ft)[1]
Ranked 42nd
Isolation1,132 km (703 mi) Edit this on Wikidata
ListingUltra
Coordinates46°35′42″S 73°20′45″W / 46.59500°S 73.34583°W / -46.59500; -73.34583Coordinates: 46°35′42″S 73°20′45″W / 46.59500°S 73.34583°W / -46.59500; -73.34583[1]
Geography
Monte San Valentin is located in Chile
Monte San Valentin
Monte San Valentin
Location in Chile
LocationPatagonia, Chile
Parent rangeAndes
Climbing
Easiest routemajor snow and ice climb

Monte San Valentin can be climbed from Lago Leones, to the south east, or from Laguna San Rafael, to the west. The ascent is long and is particularly subject to bad weather. The accident and fatality rate is high.

There is some confusion about the elevation. It was originally estimated at 3,876m by Nordenskjold in 1921 but later thought to be 4,058m. The latter is the most commonly quoted elevation and is quoted here. A French group that climbed the San Valentin in 1993 included two surveyors, who calculated an elevation of 4,080±20 m by using a GPS.[3] In 2001 a Chilean group measured 4,070±40 m, also using GPS.[4] SRTM and ASTER GDEM data also support an elevation in excess of 4,000 metres. However, Chilean IGM mapping gives only 3,910 metres. ChIGM maps are usually accurate and reliable,[citation needed] but the summit is uniformly white, which may have created problems for the cartographers.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c ""Argentina and Chile, Southern: Patagonia Ultra-Prominences" Peaklist.org. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
  2. ^ Although Monte San Valentin is often referred to as the highest mountain in all of Patagonia, Argentine Patagonia also comprises Neuquén Province, which includes Domuyo (4,709m).
  3. ^ "USGS P 1386-I -- Chile and Argentina - Wet Andes".
  4. ^ "Cumbres Australes".

ReferencesEdit

  • John Biggar, The Andes, A Guide for Climbers, Andes, 3rd edition, 2005, ISBN 0-9536087-2-7

External linksEdit

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