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List of peaks by prominence

Chart showing the relationship between the 100 peaks with highest prominence in the world. (In the SVG version, hover over a peak to highlight its parent(s) and click it to view its article.)

This is a list of mountain peaks ordered by their topographic prominence.

Contents

TerminologyEdit

The prominence of a peak is the minimum height of climb to the summit on any route from a higher peak, or from sea level if there is no higher peak. The lowest point on that route is the col.

For full definitions and explanations of topographic prominence, key col, and parent, see topographic prominence. In particular, the different definitions of the parent of a peak are addressed at length in that article. Height on the other hand simply means elevation of the summit above sea level.

Regarding parents, the prominence parent of peak A can be found by dividing the island or region in question into territories, by tracing the runoff from the key col (mountain pass) of every peak that is more prominent than peak A. The parent is the peak whose territory peak A resides in.

The encirclement parent is found by tracing the contour below peak A's key col and picking the highest mountain in that region. This is easier to determine than the prominence parent; however, it tends to give non-intuitive results for peaks with very low cols such as Jabal Shams which is #110 in the list.

Note that either sort of parent of a typical very high-prominence peak such as Denali will lie far away from the peak itself, reflecting the independence of the peak.

Most sources (and the table below) define no parent for island and landmass highpoints; others treat Mount Everest as the parent of every such peak with the ocean as the "key col".

In the table below, where a single parent is listed, the different definitions agree; where two are given, the prominence parent is marked "1", and the encirclement parent "²".

Prominence tableEdit

The following sortable table lists the Earth's 125 most topographically prominent summits. Of these, China has the most: 16. Close behind it are Indonesia, with 13, and the United States with 12. In the Parent column, HP stands for 'highest point on' (an isolated landmass).

The 125 most topographically prominent summits on Earth

No. Peak Range[1] Location Height (m) Prominence (m) Col (m) Parent
1. Mount Everest Himalayas     Nepal /
  People's Republic of China
8,848 8,848 0 none — HP the world
2. Aconcagua Andes   Argentina 6,962 6,962 0 none — HP the Americas
3. Denali Alaska Range   United States (Alaska) 6,191 6,144 47 Aconcagua
4. Mount Kilimanjaro* Eastern Rift mountains   Tanzania 5,895 5,885 10 Everest
5. Pico Cristóbal Colón Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta   Colombia 5,700 5,509 191 Aconcagua
6. Mount Logan Saint Elias Mountains   Canada 5,959 5,250 709 Denali
7. Pico de Orizaba Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt   Mexico 5,636 4,922 714 Mount Logan
8. Vinson Massif Sentinel Range   Antarctica 4,892 4,892 0 none — HP Antarctica
9. Puncak Jaya Sudirman Range   Indonesia 4,884 4,884 0 none — HP New Guinea
10. Mount Elbrus Caucasus Mountains   Russia 5,642 4,741 901 Everest
11. Mont Blanc / Monte Bianco Alps   France /   Italy 4,808 4,695 113 Everest
12. Mount Damavand Alborz   Iran 5,610 4,667 943 Mount Elbrus
13. Klyuchevskaya Sopka Isolated volcanic group, Kamchatka   Russia 4,750 4,649 101 Everest
14. Nanga Parbat Himalayas   Pakistan 8,125 4,608 3,517 Everest
15. Mauna Kea Hawaiian Islands   United States (Hawaii) 4,205 4,205 0 none — HP Hawaii island
16. Jengish Chokusu Kakshaal Too   Kyrgyzstan /
  People's Republic of China
7,439 4,148 3,291 Everest
17. Bogda Peak Bogda Shan   People's Republic of China 5,445 4,122 1,323 Everest
18. Chimborazo Cordillera Occidental   Ecuador 6,263 4,118 2,145 Aconcagua
19. Namcha Barwa Himalayas   People's Republic of China 7,782 4,106 3,676 Everest
20. Mount Kinabalu Crocker Range   Malaysia 4,095 4,095 0 none — HP Borneo
21. Mount Rainier Cascade Range   United States 4,393 4,023 370 Orizaba1 / Denali ²
22. K2 Karakoram   Pakistan /
  People's Republic of China
8,611 4,017 4,594 Everest
23. Ras Dashen Semien Mountains   Ethiopia 4,550 3,997 553 Kilimanjaro
24. Volcán Tajumulco Sierra Madre de Chiapas   Guatemala 4,220 3,980 240 Orizaba1 / Denali ²
25. Pico Bolívar (La Columna) Sierra Nevada de Mérida   Venezuela 4,981 3,957 1,024 Chimborazo1 / Aconcagua ²
26. Mount Fairweather Saint Elias Mountains   United States (Alaska) /
  Canada
4,671 3,955 722 Mount Logan
27. Yushan (Jade Mountain) Yushan Range   Republic of China (Taiwan) 3,952 3,952 0 none — HP Taiwan
28. Mount Stanley Rwenzori Mountains   Democratic Republic of the Congo /
  Uganda
5,109 3,951 1,158 Kilimanjaro
29. Kangchenjunga Himalayas     Nepal /
  India
8,586 3,922 4,664 Everest
30. Tirich Mir Hindu Kush   Pakistan 7,708 3,908 3,800 K21 / Everest²
31. Mount Cameroon Cameroon line   Cameroon 4,040 3,901 139 Stanley1 / Kilimanjaro ²
32. Mount Kenya Eastern Rift mountains   Kenya 5,199 3,825 1,374 Kilimanjaro
33. Mount Kerinci Barisan Mountains   Indonesia 3,805 3,805 0 none — HP Sumatra
34. Mount Erebus Ross Island   Antarctica 3,794 3,794 0 none — HP Ross Island
35. Mount Fuji Honshu   Japan 3,776 3,776 0 none — HP Honshū
36. Toubkal Atlas Mountains   Morocco 4,167 3,757 410 Stanley1 / Kilimanjaro ²
37. Cerro Chirripó Cordillera de Talamanca   Costa Rica 3,820 3,727 93 Chimborazo1 / Aconcagua ²
38. Mount Rinjani Lesser Sunda Islands   Indonesia 3,726 3,726 0 none — HP Lombok
39. Aoraki/Mount Cook Southern Alps   New Zealand 3,724 3,724 0 none — HP South Island
40. Teide Tenerife   Spain 3,718 3,718 0 none — HP Tenerife
41. Finisterre Range HP Finisterrre Range   Papua New Guinea 4,150 3,709 441 Puncak Jaya
42. Monte San Valentin Andes   Chile 4,058 3,696 362 Aconcagua
43. Gunnbjørn Fjeld Watkins Range   Greenland 3,694 3,694 0 none — HP Greenland
44. Ojos del Salado Andes   Argentina /
  Chile
6,893 3,688 3,205 Aconcagua
45. Semeru Java   Indonesia 3,676 3,676 0 none — HP Java
46. Ritacuba Blanco Cordillera Oriental   Colombia 5,410 3,645 1,765 Chimborazo1 / Aconcagua ²
47. Mount Gongga Daxue Mountains   People's Republic of China 7,556 3,642 3,914 K21 / Everest²
48. Mount Ararat Armenian Highlands   Turkey 5,137 3,611 1,526 Damavand
49. Kongur Tagh Kongur Shan   People's Republic of China 7,649 3,585 4,064 K21 / Everest²
50. Mount Blackburn Wrangell Mountains   United States (Alaska) 4,996 3,535 1,461 Mount Logan
51. Mount Hayes Alaska Range   United States (Alaska) 4,216 3,501 715 Denali
52. Mount Latimojong Sulawesi   Indonesia 3,478 3,478 0 none — HP Sulawesi
53. Mount Saint Elias Saint Elias Mountains   United States (Alaska) /
  Canada (Yukon)
5,489 3,448 2,041 Mount Logan
54. Ismoil Somoni Peak Pamir Mountains   Tajikistan 7,495 3,402 4,093 K21 / Everest²
55. Dhaulagiri Himalayas     Nepal 8,167 3,357 4,810 K2
56. Mercedario Cordillera de la Ramada   Argentina 6,720 3,353 3,367 Aconcagua
57. Lautaro Andes   Chile 3,623 3,345 278 Aconcagua
58. Belukha Mountain Altai Mountains   Kazakhstan /
  Russia
4,506 3,343 1,163 K21 / Everest²
59. Mount Etna Sicily   Italy 3,329 3,329 0 none — HP Sicily
60. Monte San Lorenzo Andes   Argentina /
  Chile
3,706 3,319 387 Aconcagua
61. Mount Karisimbi Virunga Mountains   Rwanda /
  Democratic Republic of the Congo
4,507 3,312 1,195 Mount Stanley
62. Jabal an Nabi Shu'ayb Sarawat Mountains   Yemen 3,666 3,311 355 Mount Ararat1 / Everest²
63. Mount Waddington Coast Mountains   Canada 4,019 3,289 730 Mount Fairweather
64. Mulhacén Sierra Nevada   Spain 3,479 3,285 194 Mont Blanc
65. Mount Slamet Java   Indonesia 3,428 3,284 144 Semeru
66. Sabalan Alborz   Iran 4,811 3,283 1,528 Mount Ararat
67. Mount Marcus Baker Chugach Mountains   United States (Alaska) 4,016 3,269 747 Mount Hayes
68. Sauyr Zhotasy Saur Mountains   Kazakhstan /
  People's Republic of China
3,840 3,252 588 Belukha Mountain1 / Everest²
69. Cerro del Bolsón Andes   Argentina 5,552 3,252 2,300 Salado1 / Aconcagua²
70. Tomort Tian Shan   People's Republic of China 4,886 3,243 1,643 Bogda Feng
71. Jade Dragon Snow Mountain Yun Range   People's Republic of China 5,596 3,202 2,394 K21 / Everest²
72. Mount Meru Eastern Rift mountains   Tanzania 4,565 3,170 1,395 Mount Kenya
73. Shiveluch Isolated volcanic group, Kamchatka   Russia 3,307 3,168 139 Klyuchevskaya
74. Nanda Devi Himalayas   India 7,816 3,139 4,677 Dhaulagiri1 / K2²
75. Ichinsky Sredinny Range   Russia 3,607 3,125 482 Klyuchevskaya
76. Mount Lawu Java   Indonesia 3,265 3,118 147 Semeru
77. Batura Sar Karakoram   Pakistan 7,795 3,118 4,677 K2
78. Mount Siple Siple Island   Antarctica 3,110 3,110 0 none — HP Siple Island
79. Pico Duarte Cordillera Central   Dominican Republic 3,098 3,098 0 none — HP Hispaniola
80. Manaslu Himalayas     Nepal 8,163 3,092 5,071 Everest
81. Mount Whitney Sierra Nevada   United States 4,418 3,073 1,345 Orizaba
82. Piton des Neiges Réunion   France (Réunion) 3,069 3,069 0 none — HP Réunion
83. Raung Java   Indonesia 3,332 3,069 263 Semeru
84. Xuelian Feng Tian Shan   People's Republic of China 6,627 3,068 3,559 Peak Jengish Chokusu
85. Haleakalā Hawaiian Islands   United States (Hawaii) 3,055 3,055 0 none — HP Maui
86. Mount Lucania Saint Elias Mountains   Canada 5,226 3,046 2,180 Mount Logan
87. Mount Agung Bali   Indonesia 3,031 3,031 0 none — HP Bali
88. Mount Binaiya Seram   Indonesia 3,027 3,027 0 none — HP Ceram
89. Popocatepetl Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt   Mexico 5,400 3,020 2,380 Orizaba
90. Pico Basilé Bioko   Equatorial Guinea 3,011 3,011 0 none — HP Bioco
91. Koryaksky Vostochny Range, Kamchatka   Russia 3,456 2,999 457 Klyuchevskaya
92. Gangkhar Puensum Himalayas   Bhutan /
  People's Republic of China
7,570 2,995 4,575 Kangchenjunga
93. Mount Stephenson Douglas Range   Antarctica 2,987 2,987 0 none — HP Alexander Island
94. Annapurna Himalayas     Nepal 8,091 2,984 5,107 Everest
95. Pik Talgar Trans-Ili Alatau   Kazakhstan 4,979 2,982 1,997 Peak Jengish Chokusu1 / Everest²
96. Mount Shasta Cascade Range   United States 4,317 2,977 1,340 Whitney1 / Orizaba ²
97. Mount Wilhelm Bismarck Range   Papua New Guinea 4,509 2,969 1,540 Puncak Jaya
98. Pico do Ramelau or Mount Ramelau Timor   Timor-Leste 2,963 2,963 0 none — HP Timor
99. Mount Apo Apo–Talomo   Philippines 2,954 2,954 0 none — HP Mindanao
100. Gyala Peri Nyenchen Tanglha Mountains   People's Republic of China 7,294 2,942 4,352 Dhaulagiri1 / K2²
101. Mount Leuser Sumatra   Indonesia 3,466 2,941 525 Mount Kerinci
102. Mount Paget Allardyce Range   United Kingdom (South Georgia) 2,934 2,934 0 none — HP South Georgia
103. Chakragil Kunlun Mountains   People's Republic of China 6,760 2,934 3,826 Gongga Shan1 / Everest²
104. Emi Koussi Tibesti Mountains   Chad 3,445 2,934 511 Karisimbi1 / Kilimanjaro²
105. Monarch Mountain Coast Mountains   Canada 3,555 2,930 625 Waddington1 / Denali²
106. Mount Suckling Owen Stanley Range   Papua New Guinea 3,676 2,925 751 Puncak Jaya
107. Mount Pulag Cordillera Central   Philippines 2,922 2,922 0 none — HP Luzon
108. El Mela Andes   Argentina 4,150 2,907 1,243 Salado1 / Aconcagua²
109. Kuh-e Taftan Baluchestan Mountains   Iran 3,941 2,901 1,040 Sabalan
110. Jabal Shams Al Hajar Mountains   Oman 3,019 2,899 120 Jabal an Nabi Shu'ayb1 / Everest²
111. Shishapangma Himalayas   People's Republic of China 8,027 2,897 5,130 Annapurna I
112. Pico da Neblina Cerro de la Neblina   Brazil 2,994 2,886 108 Ritacuba Blanco1 / Aconcagua²
113. Saramati Patkai   India /
  Myanmar
3,826 2,885 941 Dhaulagiri1 / Everest²
114. Maromokotro Madagascar   Madagascar 2,876 2,876 0 none — HP Madagascar
115. Mount Shishaldin Aleutian Range   United States (Alaska) 2,869 2,869 0 none — HP Unimak
116. Moncong Lompotabang Sulawesi   Indonesia 2,874 2,857 17 Mount Rantemario
117. Buni Zom Hindu Raj   Pakistan 6,542 2,845 3,697 K21 / Everest²
118. Kuh-e Bandaka Hindu Kush   Afghanistan 6,812 2,834 3,978 Tirich Mir
119. Mount Robson Rainbow Range   Canada 3,959 2,829 1,130 Whitney1 / Orizaba²
120. Mount Fogo Fogo   Cape Verde 2,829 2,829 0 none — HP Fogo
121. Kamet Himalayas   India 7,756 2,825 4,931 Nanda Devi
122. Rakaposhi Karakoram   Pakistan 7,788 2,818 4,970 K2
123. Aneto Pyrenees   Spain 3,404 2,812 608 Mulhacén
124. Arjuno-Welirang Java   Indonesia 3,339 2,812 527 Semeru
125. Jiuding Shan Daxue Mountains   People's Republic of China 4,969 2,808 2161 K21 / Everest²
No. Peak Range Location Height (m) Prominence (m) Col (m) Parent

Additional peaksEdit

The list of peaks that follow is not complete, but the peaks are all notable. Note that island high points (whose prominence is equal to their elevation) can be found at the List of islands by highest point; hence most are not included below. Some well-known peaks listed here do not score highly by prominence.

All peaks with a prominence of more than 1,500 metres rank as an Ultra. For a complete listing of all 1,524 peaks with prominence greater than this level, see the lists of Ultras.

Peak Location Height (m) Prominence (m) Col (m) Parent
Mount Ruapehu   New Zealand (North Island) 2,797 2,797 0 none — HP North Island, New Zealand
Mount Cereme   Indonesia (Java) 3,078 2,792 286 Semeru
Huascarán   Peru 6,746 2,776 3,970 Ojos del Salado
Mount Arfak   Indonesia 2,955 2,775 179
Mount Elbert   United States (Colorado) 4,401 2,772 1,629 Mount Whitney
San Gorgonio Mountain   United States (California) 3,506 2,528 978 Olancha
Anamudi   India (Kerala) 2,695 2,479 216 Western Ghats
Mount Bazardüzü   Azerbaijan /
  Russia
4,466 2,454 2012
Galdhøpiggen   Norway 2,469 2,372 97 Sauyr Zhotasy¹ / Everest²
Mount Olympos   Greece 2,919 2,355 564 Großglockner¹ / Mont Blanc²
Gerlachovský štít   Slovakia 2,655 2,355 300 Mont Blanc
Mount Kosciuszko   Australia 2,228 2,228 0 none — HP mainland Australia
Monte Rosa    Switzerland 4,634 2,165 2,469 Mont Blanc
Hvannadalshnúkur   Iceland 2,110 2,110 0 none — HP Iceland
Barre des Écrins   France 4,102 2,045 2057 Mont Blanc
Hermon   Lebanon /
  Syria
2,814 1,804 1010 Qurnat as Sawda', HP Lebanon
Zugspitze   Germany /
  Austria
2,962 1,746 1,216 Piz Bernina1 / Mont Blanc²
Roman-Kosh   Ukraine 1,545 1,541 4
Morne Diablotins   Dominica 1,447 1,447 0 none — HP Dominica
Ben Nevis   United Kingdom (Scotland) 1,344 1,344 0 none — HP Great Britain
Kailash   China (Tibet) 6,638 1,319 5,319 Lunpo Gangri
Machhapuchhare     Nepal 6,993 1,233 5,760 Annapurna I
Carrauntoohil   Ireland 1,038 1,038 0 none — HP Ireland
Snowdon   Wales 1,085 1,038 47 Ben Nevis
Matterhorn/Monte Cervino    Switzerland /
  Italy
4,478 1,031 3,447 Weisshorn (4,507 m)
Eiger    Switzerland 3,967 362 3,605 Mönch (4,099 m)

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

*.^ By convention, cols created by human activity are not counted. Therefore, the Suez, Panama and other canals are ignored in these calculations. Cuts that lower the natural elevations of mountain passes are also ignored.[2] Towers, monuments and similar on the peaks are also ignored.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit