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Monica Vitti (born Maria Luisa Ceciarelli; 3 November 1931 – 2 February 2022) was an Italian actress who starred in several award-winning films directed by Michelangelo Antonioni during the 1960s. She appeared with Marcello Mastroianni, Alain Delon, Richard Harris, Terence Stamp, and Dirk Bogarde. On her death, Italian culture minister Dario Franceschini called her "the Queen of Italian cinema".
Maria Luisa Ceciarelli
3 November 1931
|Died||2 February 2022 (aged 90)|
Vitti won five David di Donatello Awards for Best Actress, seven Italian Golden Globes for Best Actress, the Career Golden Globe, and the Venice Film Festival Career Golden Lion Award.
Born Maria Luisa Ceciarelli in Rome on 3 November 1931 to Adele (née Vittiglia) and Angelo Ceciarelli. She took her stage name from her mother's maiden name. Vitti acted in amateur productions as a teenager, then trained as an actress at Rome's National Academy of Dramatic Arts (graduating in 1953) and at Pittman's College, where she played a teen in a charity performance of Dario Niccodemi's La nemica. She toured Germany with an Italian acting troupe, and her first stage appearance in Rome was for a production of Niccolò Machiavelli's La Mandragola.
Vitti's first film role was an uncredited bit part in Edoardo Anton's Laugh! Laugh! Laugh! (1954). She was in Adriana Lecouvreur (1955), the TV series L'alfiere (1956) and the TV movies Questi ragazzi (1956) and Il tunnel (1958). She did an episode of the television series Mont-Oriol (1958) and dubbed Rossana Rory's voice in Big Deal on Madonna Street (1958).
Vitti's first widely noted performance was at 26, in Mario Amendola's Le dritte (1958) with Franco Fabrizi. She was in the TV movie Il borghese gentiluomo (1959).
In 1957 she joined Michelangelo Antonioni's Teatro Nuovo di Milano and dubbed the voice of Dorian Gray in the director's Il Grido (The Cry, 1957). Over the next several years in several "intense portraits of alienation she became the perfect mouthpiece for Antonioni himself". She played a leading role in Antonioni's internationally praised film L'Avventura (1960) as a detached and cool protagonist drifting into a relationship with the lover of her missing girlfriend. Giving a screen presence that has been described as "stunning", she is also credited with helping Antonioni raise money for the production and sticking with him through daunting location shooting. L'Avventura made Vitti an international star. Her image later appeared on an Italian postage stamp commemorating the film. According to The New York Times, Vitti's "air of disenchantment perfectly conveys the unreal aura of her heroines."
Vitti received critical praise for her starring roles in the Antonioni film La Notte (Night, 1961), with Jeanne Moreau and Marcello Mastroianni. Vitti starred in a TV movie Le notti bianche (1962), then did a third with Antonioni, L'Eclisse (1962) with Alain Delon.
Vitti was one of many stars in an anthology movie, Three Fables of Love (1962). She had a cameo in Sweet and Sour (1963) and played the lead in a comedy for Roger Vadim, Nutty, Naughty Chateau (1963). Vitti was then in another anthology film High Infidelity (1964) and made a fourth with Antonioni, Il Deserto Rosso (Red Desert, 1964), with Richard Harris. The director said Vitti "certainly inspires me, because I like to watch and direct her, but the parts I give her are a long way from her own character." After Vitti's relationship with Antonioni ended, the two did not work together again until Il mistero di Oberwald (1980).
Vitti starred in a comedy for Tinto Brass, The Flying Saucer (1964), and appeared in the anthology, The Dolls (1964).
Vitti's first English-language film was Modesty Blaise (1966), a mod James Bond spy spoof that co-starred Terence Stamp and Dirk Bogarde and was directed by Joseph Losey, it had only mixed success and received harsh critical reviews.
She performed in the anthology movie The Queens (1966), a television series Les fables de La Fontaine (1966), Kill Me Quick, I'm Cold (1967) with Jean Sorel, and I Married You for Fun (1967).
Vitti appeared in On My Way to the Crusades, I Met a Girl Who... (1967) with Tony Curtis, The Girl with a Pistol (1968) with Stanley Baker, The Bitch Wants Blood (1969) with Maurice Ronet, and Help Me, My Love (1969) with Alberto Sordi.
Vitti starred with Marcello Mastroianni in Ettore Scola's highly successful romantic comedy, Dramma della gelosia (The Pizza Triangle, 1970). She followed it with Ninì Tirabusciò, la donna che inventò la mossa (1970), Le coppie (1970) with Sordi, The Pacifist (1970), La supertestimone (1971), That's How We Women Are (1971), and Orders Are Orders (1972).
Vitti was in a version of La Tosca (1973) and in several comedies directed by Carlo Di Palma, who was her partner for several years in the 1970s, beginning with Teresa the Thief (1973). She made Polvere di stelle (1973), directed by Alberto Sordi, for which she won the 1974 David di Donatello award for Best Actress.
Vitti played a key part in one of vignettes in Luis Buñuel's The Phantom of Liberty (1974). She did two films with Claudia Cardinale, The Immortal Bachelor (1975) and Blonde in Black Leather (1975).
She was in Duck in Orange Sauce (1975), Mimì Bluette... fiore del mio giardino (1976), Basta che non si sappia in giro!.. (1977), L'altra metà del cielo (1977), State Reasons (1978), Il cilindro (1978, for television), Per vivere meglio, divertitevi con noi (1978), Amori miei (1978), and Tigers in Lipstick (1979) (with Ursula Andress).
Vitti's second English-language film was An Almost Perfect Affair (1979), directed by Michael Ritchie and co-starring Keith Carradine, which was set during the Cannes Film Festival. A New York Times article from that period reported Vitti had resisted starring in American films as she did not like long travel, especially by air, and believed that her English was not of a high enough standard. Indeed, such was her aversion to travelling from Europe that Paramount Pictures was apparently forced to cancel the first leg of a publicity tour organised in the US to promote the release of An Almost Perfect Affair.
Vitti reunited with Antonioni in The Mystery of Oberwald (Il mistero di Oberwald, 1980). She followed it with I Don't Understand You Anymore (1980), Camera d'albergo (1981), Tango of Jealousy (1981), I Know That You Know That I Know (1982) with Sordi, Scusa se è poco (1982), Flirt (1983), and Francesca è mia (1986). She also co-wrote the last two films. In 1984, France awarded her the Order of Arts and Letters. French Culture Minister Jack Lang praised her for helping spur a renewal of Italian films: "We need Italian cinema to find its health again so that French cinema will not remain an island in the middle of other European countries," Lang said. On 26 January 1995, she was raised to the rank of Commander of that Order. By 1986, Vitti had returned to the theatre as an actress and teacher.
In 1989, Vitti tried writing and directing and created Scandalo Segreto (1990), in which she also starred alongside Elliott Gould. The film was unsuccessful and she then retired from cinema. During the 1990s, she did television work, acting in the television miniseries Ma tu mi vuoi bene? (1992).
In 1993, Vitti was awarded the Festival Tribute at the Créteil International Women's Film Festival in France.
Personal life and deathEdit
Antonioni and Vitti met in the late 1950s, and their relationship grew stronger after L'Avventura was made, because it had shaped both their careers. However, by the late 1960s, they ceased working on films, making the relationship strained until it officially ended. In a later interview, Vitti stated that Antonioni ended their relationship.
For several years in the 1970s her partner was Carlo Di Palma, best known as a cinematographer though she starred in three films he directed.
In 2000, Vitti married Roberto Russo, with whom she had been in a relationship since 1973. She made her last public appearance in 2002 when she attended the Paris premiere of the stage musical Notre-Dame de Paris. In 2011, it was disclosed that Alzheimer's disease had "removed her from the public gaze for the last 15 years". In 2018, her husband confirmed she was still living at home with him in Rome and that he looked after her with the assistance of a caregiver.
Vitti died of complications from Dementia with Lewy bodies disease in Rome on 2 February 2022, at the age of 90.
- Nastro d'Argento for Best Supporting Actress, 1962
- Nastro d'Argento for Best Actress, 1969 and 1976
- David di Donatello for Best Actress: 1969 for The Girl with a Pistol, 1971, 1974, 1976 for Duck in Orange Sauce, and 1979 for Amori miei
- Golden Grail (Italy): 4 occasions
- Silver Bear for an outstanding single achievement, 34th Berlin International Film Festival, 1984
- Leone d'oro for Lifetime Achievement, 1995
- Ma tu mi vuoi bene? (1992 miniseries)
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- ^ Features/Articles/People: Monica Vitti. Walter, Eugene. Vogue; New York Vol. 147, Iss. 4, (15 February 1966): 122, 123, 124, 125, 155.
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- ^ "Bellaria: a stamp for Raffaella Carrà. From today the cancellation on the first day of issue". Italy 24 Press News. 25 November 2022. Retrieved 7 December 2022.
a portrait of Monica Vitti with her handwritten signature on the left
- ^ Davis, Melton S. (15 November 1964). "Most Controversial Director". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 December 2022.
- ^ Houston, Penelope. "The Eclipse". Sight and Sound; London Vol. 32, Iss. 2 (Spring 1963): 90.
- ^ In the Red Desert Manceaux, Michele. Sight and Sound; London Vol. 33, Iss. 3, (Summer 1964): 118.
- ^ a b Scandal, sex, lies and Vitti tapes: After a life in front of the camera, Monica Vitti has stepped behind it as director Vidal, John. The Guardian 11 May 1990: 36.
- ^ Crowther, Bosley (29 June 1965). "Screen: Italian Vignettes:Gina Lollobrigida Tops International Cast". The New York Times.
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- ^ Movie Call Sheet: Columbia to Film 'Gorgeous'. Martin, Betty. Los Angeles Times 19 September 1966: C28.
- ^ Beauty Bulletin: Monica Vitti: A Woman for All Seasons, Vogue; New York Vol. 156, Iss. 9, (15 November 1970): 148, 149.
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- ^ Canby, Vincent (14 October 1974). "Brilliant Bunuel Film Closes 12th Festival". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 December 2022.
- ^ "The Immortal Bachelor". Roger Ebert. 28 November 1980. Retrieved 7 December 2022.
- ^ Moliterno, Gino (2020). Historical Dictionary of Italian Cinema. Rowman and Littlefield. p. 170. Retrieved 7 December 2022.
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- ^ a b Moliterno, Gino (2009). The A to Z of Italian Cinema. Scarecrow Press. p. 373. Retrieved 8 December 2022.
- ^ OF PIRATES AND PERRIER. Rosenfield, Paul. Los Angeles Times 26 August 1979: m1.
- ^ a b At the Movies: Monica Vitti working again on a project with Antonioni. Buckley, Tom. The New York Times, 11 May 1979: C6.
- ^ If Vanessa talks Trotsky, Timothy trots. Adams Sloan, Robin. Detroit Free Press 16 April 1979: 11B.
- ^ "France honors actress Monica Vitti". The Globe and Mail. 7 March 1984. p. M.9.
- ^ "Archives du Bureau du Cabinet du ministre de la Culture. Ordre des arts et lettres (1962-2000)". Archives Nationales (in French). p. 91. Retrieved 7 December 2022.
- ^ "MA TU MI VUOI BENE? (1992)". British Film Institute. Retrieved 7 December 2022.
- ^ "Créteil: Monica Vitti, au 15e Festival de films de femmes". L'Humanité (in French). 12 February 1993. Retrieved 7 December 2022.
- ^ Porro, Maurizio (5 November 2020). "Monica Vitti compie 89 anni: la verità sulla malattia, il marito: «Ci capiamo con gli occhi»". Corriere della sera (in Italian). Retrieved 30 May 2021.
- ^ ""Ecco come sta mia moglie". Monica Vitti e la verità sulla sua malattia". 17 January 2018.
- ^ "Monica Vitti: the last appearance before the illness". tipsforwomens.org. 10 December 2019.
- ^ "Antonioni's muse is 80: Happy Birthday Monica Vitti". 3 November 2011.
- ^ "Il marito di Monica Vitti: "Basta fake news, non è in una clinica svizzera"". 18 January 2018.
- ^ "Monica Vitti obituary". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 3 February 2022.
- ^ "Berlinale: 1984 Winners". Berlinale. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
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- Antonioni, Michelangelo (1963). Michelangelo Antonioni: an introduction. Trans. by Scott Sullivan. New York: Simon and Schuster
- Arrowsmith, William & Perry, Ted, eds. (1995). Antonioni: the poet of images. New York: Oxford University Press
- Borsatti, Cristina (2005). Monica Vitti. Palermo: L'epos
- Brunette, Peter (1998). The Films of Michelangelo Antonioni. New York: Cambridge University Press
- Chatman, Seymour (1985). Antonioni, or the Surface of the World. Berkeley: University of California Press
- Delli Colli, Laura (1987). Monica Vitti. Rome: Gremese Editore
- Monica Vitti at IMDb
- Monica Vitti discography at Discogs