Mohammad Martuza (Bengali: মোহাম্মদ মুর্তজা; 1 April 1931 – 14 December 1971) was a Bengali Physician, who was killed during the 1971 liberation war of Bangladesh. He is considered a martyr in Bangladesh.
Mortuza was born on 1 April 1931 in 24 Parganas, West Bengal, British Raj. He graduated from Baliganj Government High School in 1946 and from Kolkata Presidency College in 1948. He started his medical education in Kolkata Medical College. After the Partition of India he moved with his family to Arangghata, Daulatpur thana, Khulna, East Bengal, Pakistan. He completed his MBBS from Dhaka Medical College in 1954. Martuza joined the Dacca Medical Centre as a medical officer in 1955 after completing his schooling.
Martuza joined Dhaka University in 1955 as a medical officer. He was involved in left wing politics. He helped publish Gana-Shakti, edited by Badruddin Umar, where he had his own column titled Deshe Deshe Mukti Juddha. He also wrote many books. His book Jana Sankhya O Sampad won the National Bank Literary Award in 1964. He provided medical treatment and financial help to members of Mukti Bahini during Bangladesh Liberation war.
His body was recovered from a mass grave in Mirpur thana on 3 January 1972 after the end of the war. On 14 December 1991, the Bangladesh Post Office released commemoration postal stamp with his name.
On 3 November 2013, Chowdhury Mueen-Uddin, a Muslim leader based in London, and Ashrafuz Zaman Khan, based in the US, were sentenced in absentia after the court found that they were involved in the abduction and murders of 18 people – nine Dhaka University teachers, six journalists and three physicians including Dr. Martuza – in December 1971.
Dr. Mortaza was a dedicated communist writer. His notable works are:
- Chikita Shastrer Kahini
- Prachin Vijnaner Kahini
- Hunaner Krisak Andolan
- Pak-Bharater Yudher Tatparya
- Jana Sankhya o Sampad
- Shanti na Shakti.
- Kādira, Muhāmmada Nūrula (2004). Independence of Bangladesh in 266 days: history and documentary evidence. Mukto Publishers. p. 369. ISBN 9789843208583.
- Roy, Ajay. "Homage to my martyr colleagues". Mukto Mona. Mukto Mona. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
- Reaz, Bayzid Khurshid. "Mortaza, Mohammad -". en.banglapedia.org. Banglapedia. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
- Chowdhury, Syed Tashfin (3 November 2013). "UK Muslim leader Chowdhury Mueen Uddin sentenced to death in Bangladesh". The Independent. Retrieved 7 November 2013.