Mitzi Gaynor (born Francesca Marlene de Czanyi von Gerber; September 4, 1931) is an American actress, singer, and dancer. Her notable films include There's No Business Like Show Business (1954), The Birds and the Bees (1956), and South Pacific, the 1958 motion picture adaptation of the stage musical by Rodgers and Hammerstein.
Mitzi Gaynor, c. 1954
Francesca Marlene de Czanyi von Gerber
September 4, 1931
|Occupation||Actress, dancer, entertainer|
(m. 1954; died 2006)
Mitzi Gaynor was born as Francesca Marlene de Czanyi von Gerber in Chicago the daughter of Pauline, a dancer, and Henry de Czanyi von Gerber, a violinist, cellist, and music director. After her father remarried, she became step-sister to anti-war activist Donald W. Duncan.
Her family first moved to Elgin, Illinois, and then to Detroit, and later when she was eleven, on to Hollywood. She trained as a ballerina as a child and began her career in the corps de ballet. At 13, she was singing and dancing with the Los Angeles Civic Light Opera company. She lied about her address so she could attend Le Conte Junior High in Hollywood.
20th Century FoxEdit
She signed a seven-year contract with Twentieth Century-Fox at age 17. She sang, acted, and danced in a number of film musicals, often paired with some of the biggest male musical stars of the day. A Fox Studio executive thought that Mitzi Gerber sounded like the name of a delicatessen, and they came up with a name that used the same initials.
Gaynor made her film debut in a musical, My Blue Heaven (1950); Betty Grable and Dan Dailey starred and she had a supporting role. A college drama Take Care of My Little Girl (1951) followed with Gaynor playing the roommate of Jeanne Crain.
Fox then gave Gaynor a star part, in the musical biopic Golden Girl (1951), playing Lotta Crabtree. It was a mild success at the box office. Gaynor was one of several stars in the anthology comedy We're Not Married! (1952), then she was top billed in the musical, Bloodhounds of Broadway (1952), which made $2 million.
Fox put her in another biopic, The I Don't Care Girl (1952) and she played Eva Tanguay. The film made $1.25 million. Gaynor starred in Down Among the Sheltering Palms (1953), playing a South Sea island girl. She was the female lead in a Western, Three Young Texans (1954). Gaynor's most popular film in her time at Fox was Irving Berlin's There's No Business Like Show Business (1954). She was billed after Ethel Merman, Dan Dailey, Marilyn Monroe, Donald O'Connor and Johnnie Ray.
Gaynor married Jack Bean, a talent agent and public relations executive for MCA, in San Francisco on 18 November 1954. Their home was on North Arden Drive in Beverly Hills, California. She had just been released from Twentieth Century-Fox (before the start of There's No Business Like Show Business) with four years left on her contract and decided with the time off to get married. The union was childless. After their marriage, Bean quit MCA and started his publicity firm called Bean & Rose and managed Gaynor's career.
In 1956, Gaynor appeared in the Paramount remake of Anything Goes, co-starring Bing Crosby, Donald O'Connor, and Zizi Jeanmaire, loosely based on the musical by Cole Porter, P.G. Wodehouse and Guy Bolton. Paramount cast her in another remake, The Birds and the Bees (1956), playing the role originated by Barbara Stanwyck in The Lady Eve (1941). Her third film for Paramount was The Joker Is Wild (1957), a biopic of Joe E. Lewis starring Frank Sinatra, in which Gaynor played the female lead. In 1957, Gaynor appeared in MGM's Les Girls, directed by George Cukor, with Gene Kelly and Kay Kendall.
Her biggest international fame came from her starring role as Ensign Nellie Forbush in the film version of Rodgers and Hammerstein's South Pacific. For her performance, she was nominated for a Best Actress Golden Globe Award.
Gaynor followed this with a comedy at MGM, Happy Anniversary (1959) opposite David Niven, and the United Kingdom production Surprise Package (1960), a musical comedy thriller directed by Stanley Donen. Her co-stars were Yul Brynner and Noël Coward. The film's theme song was composed by Jimmy Van Heusen and performed by Sammy Cahn. Her last film role was For Love or Money (1963), starring Kirk Douglas.
Following her film work, Gaynor performed in other media. She appeared between two sets by The Beatles when they made their second appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show on 16 February 1964. She performed for a nine-minute segment from the stage of the Deauville Hotel, in Miami Beach, separated by one commercial break. She sang "Too Darn Hot" and a blues medley. At the 1967 Academy Awards ceremony, she sang the theme from the film Georgy Girl. Gaynor later added the number to her concert repertoire. Through the 1960s and 1970s, she starred in nine television specials that garnered 16 Emmy nominations.
Gaynor recorded two albums for the Verve Records label, one called Mitzi and the second called Mitzi Gaynor Sings the Lyrics of Ira Gershwin. She is thought to have earned more from the record royalties on the South Pacific soundtrack album than her salary for the movie. She also recorded the title song from her film Happy Anniversary for the Top Rank label. For several decades, Gaynor appeared regularly in Las Vegas and at nightclub and concert venues throughout the United States and Canada.
During the 1990s, Gaynor became a featured columnist for the newsmagazine The Hollywood Reporter. During her nightclub years, Gaynor developed and rehearsed her routines at The Cave, a club in Vancouver. She became fond of the city and frequently made guest appearances on local television for interviews. "Mitzi's back in town" became an annual slogan when Gaynor would come to the city for a number of weeks each year to develop her Las Vegas routines. On December 4, 2006, Jack Bean, Gaynor's husband of 52 years, died of pneumonia in the couple's Beverly Hills home, aged 84. A producer and personal manager, Bean guided Gaynor's career.
On 30 July 2008, Gaynor – along with Kenny Ortega, Elizabeth Berkley, Shirley MacLaine, and the cast members from High School Musical, So You Think You Can Dance, Dancing with the Stars, and other performers – appeared on the Academy of Television Arts and Sciences TV Moves Live, a celebration of 60 years of dance on television. Gaynor appeared performing the final few bars of "Poor Papa", a song-and-dance number from her 1969 TV special, Mitzi's 2nd Special. Four months later, on 18 November 2008, City Lights Pictures released Mitzi Gaynor Razzle Dazzle: The Special Years, a documentary celebrating Gaynor's annual television specials of the 1960s and 1970s. The film, which was broadcast on public television and released on DVD, includes moments from the original specials (digitally remastered in 5.1 stereo) along with newly taped interviews with Gaynor colleagues, friends, and admirers, including Bob Mackie, Carl Reiner, Kristin Chenoweth, Rex Reed, Tony Charmoli, Alton Ruff, Randy Doney, and Kelli O'Hara. Gaynor's one-woman show, Razzle Dazzle: My Life Behind the Sequins, toured the United States and Vancouver from 2009 thru 2014, including a two-week engagement in New York City.
On 14 October 2006, the NY Alumni "adopted" Gaynor as an official "New Yorker" at Beverly Hills High School. New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg issued a proclamation paying tribute to her distinguished career as a singer, dancer, actress and writer.
On 10 April 2007, she was honoured by the Museum of Television & Radio in Los Angeles with a special evening celebrating her television specials of the 1960s–1970s. The sold-out event, Mitzi Gaynor Razzle-Dazzle!: The Special Years, featured a screening followed by a panel discussion with Gaynor, designer Bob Mackie and director-choreographer Tony Charmoli. In conjunction with the event, the museum also featured a month-long gallery exhibit, Mitzi by Mackie, featuring Bob Mackie's Emmy-winning costumes from her specials along with a selection of costumes from Gaynor's legendary stage shows and concert appearances.
On 7 November 2009, Gaynor was honoured with Chapman University's lifetime achievement in the arts award during the 28th annual American celebration gala night at Chapman University in Orange, California. On 10 July 2009, she was honoured with the Tremaine 2009 entertainer of the year award from the Joe Tremaine dance competition nationals final gala in Orlando, Florida.
On 18 April 2010, Gaynor won the 2010 National Academy of Television Arts & Sciences - New York Chapter Emmy Award for Outstanding Entertainment Program/Special for her public television musical documentary "Mitzi Gaynor: Razzle Dazzle! The Special Years".
On 30 September 2017, Gaynor was inducted into the Great American Songbook Hall of Fame, which celebrates lyricists, composers, and performers who helped to create “the soundtrack of our lives” with their contribution to American Popular song, by its founder Michael Feinstein.
On October 14, 1968, Gaynor starred in her first television special, Mitzi. In specials including Mitzi – The First Time and Mitzi ... Zings into Spring she showcased the talents she had first used as a theatrical performer, then in films like There's No Business Like Show Business, Les Girls, and South Pacific, and finally as a concert performer.
List of television specialsEdit
- The Kraft Music Hall: The Mitzi Gaynor Christmas Show (1967) (NBC)
- Mitzi (1968) (NBC)
- Mitzi's 2nd Special (1969) (NBC)
- Mitzi...The First Time (1973) (CBS)
- Mitzi...A Tribute to the American Housewife (1974) (CBS)
- Mitzi...and a Hundred Guys (1975) (CBS)
- Mitzi...Roarin' In the 20's (1976) (CBS)
- Mitzi...Zings Into Spring (1977) (CBS)
- Mitzi...What's Hot, What's Not (1978) (CBS)
- Mitzi Gaynor: Razzle Dazzle! The Special Years (2008) (PBS)
|1950||My Blue Heaven||Gloria Adams|
|1951||Take Care of My Little Girl||Adelaide Swanson|
|Golden Girl||Lotta Crabtree|
|1952||We're Not Married!||Patricia 'Patsy' Reynolds Fisher|
|Bloodhounds of Broadway||Emily Ann Stackerlee|
|1953||The I Don't Care Girl||Eva Tanguay|
|Down Among the Sheltering Palms||Rozouila|
|1954||Three Young Texans||Rusty Blair|
|Irving Berlin's There's No Business Like Show Business||Katy Donahue|
|1956||Anything Goes||Patsy Blair|
|The Birds and the Bees||Jean Harris|
|1957||The Joker Is Wild||Martha Stewart|
|Les Girls||Joanne 'Joy' Henderson|
|1958||South Pacific||Ensign Nellie Forbush, USN|
|1959||Happy Anniversary||Alice Walters nee Gans|
|1960||Surprise Package||Gabby Rogers|
|1963||For Love or Money||Kate Brasher|
In popular cultureEdit
In The Simpsons episode "All About Lisa", Sideshow Mel takes Lisa Simpson aside after she becomes Krusty the Clown's assistant. He tells her that the key to dealing with Krusty is to always be prepared to cater to his needs—have a cigar at the ready, never directly look him in the eye, and pretend to know who Mitzi Gaynor is if he mentions her – he always does. She then uses this reference when Krusty says Lisa is the best thing since... "Mitzi Gaynor!" Lisa exclaims.
- McManus, Margaret (October 12, 1969), "Presenting Francesca Mitzi", The Milwaukee Journal
- Motion Picture, Macfadden-Bartell, 1952, p. 86
- "unknown?", Daily Boston Globe: 7, January 22, 1955
- McFadden, Robert D. (May 6, 2016). "Donald W. Duncan, 79, Ex-Green Beret and Early Critic of Vietnam War, Is Dead". The New York Times.
- Sotonoff, Jamie; Gire, Dann (March 19, 2013). "Mitzi Gaynor: Superstar, one-time Elgin girl". Daily Herald. Arlington Heights, Illinois.
- "The Top Box Office Hits of 1951", Variety, January 2, 1952.
- 'Top Box-Office Hits of 1952', Variety, January 7, 1953
- 'The Top Box Office Hits of 1953', Variety, January 13, 1954
- Christy, George (January 9, 2015). "Memories" (PDF). The Beverly Hills Courier. p. 6.
- Parish, James Robert & Pitts, Michael R. (2003). Hollywood Songsters: Singers Who Act and Actors Who Sing: A Biographical Dictionary, Volume 2. Taylor & Francis. p. 346. ISBN 978-0-415-94333-8.
- "Milestones". Time: 70. November 29, 1954.
- Johnson, Erskine (August 10, 1957), "unknown?", Warsaw Times-Union, Warsaw, Indiana: 8
- Surprise Package [Title Sequence] (Motion picture). 1960.
- "Surprise Package SoundTrack", IMDb, retrieved January 7, 2014
- "A Tribute For Two Legends: Neil Sedaka & Mitzi Gaynor honored by the NY Alumni Assn". LA Style Watch. October 14, 2006. Archived from the original on November 18, 2006.
- Hetrick, Adam (February 25, 2009). "Gere and Gaynor to Be Honored By Boston Youth Moves; Rivera to Present". Playbill. Retrieved February 10, 2017.
- Bunce, Donna (November 17, 2009). "American Celebration at Chapman University". The Orange County Register.
- "2009 Entertainer of the Year: Mitzi Gaynor". TremaineDance.com. Archived from the original on December 8, 2013. Retrieved October 16, 2010.
- Elli (2010). "Review: 25th Annual Bistro Awards". Nite Life Exchange. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016.
- "Mitzi Gaynor wins Emmy while performing in Boca Raton". Boca Raton Tribune. April 23, 2010.
- "Celebration of Dance". Americandancemovement.org. June 13, 2015. Retrieved October 24, 2019.
- "Mitzi Gaynor donates extensive collection to Great American Songbook Foundation". October 3, 2017.
- Ponywether, Ariel (May 19, 2008). "Review – The Simpsons 'All About Lisa'". Firefox News. Archived from the original on March 19, 2016.