Mission Nuestra Señora del Rosario

Mission Nuestra Señora del Rosario was established in November 1754 by Spanish Franciscan missionary Father Juan de Dios Camberos to bring Christianity to the indigenous Karankawa people. At its peak, the mission owned a herd of 5,000 cattle, but mismanagement, lack of administrative support and resistance from the Karankawa led to the gradual decline of the mission.

Mission Nuestra Señora del Rosario
Mission Rosario Ruins.jpg
The ruins of Mission Nuestra Señora del Rosario
Religion
AffiliationRoman Catholic
Location
LocationGoliad County, Texas
 USA
Mission Nuestra Señora del Rosario is located in Texas
Mission Nuestra Señora del Rosario
Shown within Texas
Mission Nuestra Señora del Rosario is located in the United States
Mission Nuestra Señora del Rosario
Mission Nuestra Señora del Rosario (the United States)
Geographic coordinates28°38′40″N 97°26′20″W / 28.6444°N 97.4389°W / 28.6444; -97.4389Coordinates: 28°38′40″N 97°26′20″W / 28.6444°N 97.4389°W / 28.6444; -97.4389
Architecture
StyleSpanish Colonial
Date established1754
Specifications
Site area5 acres (2.0 ha)
Materialsstone and mortar
U.S. National Register of Historic Places
Added to NRHPSeptember 22, 1972
NRHP Reference no.72001363[1]

At the mission, the Karankawa were expected to adhere to a schedule of religious instruction, technical education and manual labor, however, few Karankawa would abandon their religion and culture and left the mission.

The architectural details of Mission Rosario are lost, but archaeologists believe the building consisted of a chapel, sacristy, bell tower and residence. Soldiers from nearby Presidio La Bahía most likely guarded the mission to protect it from threats.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.