Mirsk [mʲirsk] (German: Friedeberg) is a town in Lwówek Śląski County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland. It is the seat of the administrative district (gmina) called Gmina Mirsk, close to the Czech border.
|• Total||14.66 km2 (5.66 sq mi)|
|Elevation||350 m (1,150 ft)|
|• Density||280/km2 (730/sq mi)|
The town is situated on the upper Kwisa river north of the Jizera Mountains, approximately 22 kilometres (14 mi) south-west of Lwówek Śląski, and 118 kilometres (73 mi) west of the regional capital Wrocław. As at 2006, the town has a population of 4,136.
The settlement arose in the 13th century where the medieval trade route from Jelenia Góra to Zittau crossed the border with Upper Lusatia. In the course of the German Ostsiedlung, it received town privileges by the Silesian Duke Henry I of Jawor in 1337. Upon the death of his successor Duke Bolko II the Small in 1368, it passed to the Bohemian Crown and was enfeoffed to the noble House of Schaffgotsch in 1425.
With most of Silesia, Friedeberg was annexed by Prussia in 1742 and incorporated into the Silesia Province. After World War II, the border changes demanded by the Soviet Union at the Potsdam Conference placed the town in Polish territory.
German names, 1201-1945: Eulendorf, Fridberg, Friedeberg; Friedeberg am Queis to distinguish it from Brandenburgian Friedeberg (Strzelce Krajeńskie), Friedeberg/Isergebirge from 1934; for a short period after World War II literally translated as Polish: Spokojna Góra meaning "peaceful mountain". The present name, adopted in 1947, is derived from the Polish word "mir", translated as "peace".
Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit
Mirsk is twinned with: