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Miramar is a suburb of Wellington, New Zealand, south-east of the city centre. It is on the Miramar Peninsula, directly east of the isthmus of Rongotai, the site of Wellington International Airport.

Miramar
Miramar is located in New Zealand
Miramar
Miramar
Miramar is located in New Zealand Wellington
Miramar
Miramar
Coordinates: 41°19′S 174°49′E / 41.317°S 174.817°E / -41.317; 174.817Coordinates: 41°19′S 174°49′E / 41.317°S 174.817°E / -41.317; 174.817
CountryNew Zealand
Local authorityWellington City
Established1904
Population
 (2013)[1]
 • Total8,898
Maupuia Karaka Bay
Kilbirnie
Miramar
Worser Bay
Rongotai Strathmore Park Seatoun

HistoryEdit

'Miramar' means "look at the sea" in Spanish. The name was chosen by the first European to settle in the area, Scotsman Coutts Crawford (1817-1889). Crawford was a former Royal Navy officer turned businessman and colonist, who arrived in Wellington in 1840. Crawford established a farm on the peninsula, which at the time was known as Watt's Peninsula, and drained a large lagoon known as Burnham Water. This lagoon covered much of the low-lying land on the peninsula; now this area is occupied by suburban houses, streets, parks and shops.

The original Māori name for the area when it was still an island was Te Motu Kairangi (meaning "esteemed" or "precious" island).[2]

On 18 November 1904 Miramar Borough was formed.[3] In April 1921, Miramar was incorporated into the City of Wellington.[4] The records of the Miramar Borough Council were transferred to the City of Wellington at the time of amalgamation and can still be accessed today through Wellington City Council.[5]

FilmEdit

Prior to World War II in 1936 the then government purchased an independent film company called Filmcraft in Darlington Rd, Miramar and set up a full body, government film production operation, to cover New Zealand's contribution in the war (and the 1940 Centennial celebrations). It was called the National Film Unit.[6] In 1979 the NFU moved to Avalon, Lower Hutt, next to the national television entity Avalon Studios. In the late nineties, film director Sir Peter Jackson purchased the Film Unit, as it was then known, to produce his films. He used the NFU's facilities while making Braindead. Since then, Jackson has brought the Film Unit back to Miramar, which would now be seen as a sunset arm of his empire.[citation needed]

Jackson and his colleagues Sir Richard Taylor (VFX) and Jamie Selkirk (Editor) have built a series of multimillion-dollar studios, sound stages, and pre- and post-production facilities in Miramar that include Stone Street Studios, Park Road Post, Weta Digital, and Weta Workshop. Jackson filmed the studio scenes of The Lord of the Rings trilogy and King Kong in Miramar. Miramar has been hailed by Mexican film director Guillermo del Toro as "Hollywood the way God intended it".[7]

EducationEdit

There are five primary schools in Miramar - Kahurangi school (Years 1 - 8), Holy Cross School (Years 1 - 8), Miramar Central School (Years 1 - 6), Miramar Christian School (Years 1 - 8), Miramar North School (Years 1 - 6).

ReferencesEdit

  • Struthers, John (1975). Miramar Peninsula: A Historical and Social Study. Wellington: John Struthers; Wright & Carman.