Ministry of Education (New Zealand)

The Ministry of Education (Māori: Te Tāhuhu o te Mātauranga) is the public service department of New Zealand charged with overseeing the New Zealand education system.

Ministry of Education
Te Tāhuhu o Te Mātauranga
EducationNZ-logo.svg
Agency overview
Formed1989
Preceding agency
JurisdictionNew Zealand
Headquarters33 Bowen St,
WELLINGTON 6140
Annual budgetTotal budgets for 2019/20[1]
Vote Education
Increase$12,609,535,000
Vote Tertiary Education
Increase$3,487,920,000
Minister responsible
Agency executive
  • Iona Holsted,
    Chief Executive and Secretary for Education
Child agencies
Websitewww.education.govt.nz

The Ministry was formed in 1989 when the former, all-encompassing Department of Education was broken up into six separate agencies.

HistoryEdit

The Ministry was established as a result of the Picot task force set up by the Labour government in July 1987 to review the New Zealand education system. The members were Brian Picot, a businessman, Peter Ramsay, an associate professor of education at the University of Waikato, Margaret Rosemergy, a senior lecturer at the Wellington College of Education, Whetumarama Wereta, a social researcher at the Department of Maori Affairs and Colin Wise, another businessman.[2] The task force was assisted by staff from the Treasury and the State Services Commission (SSC), who may have applied pressure on the task force to move towards eventually privatizing education, as had happened with other government services.[3] The mandate was to review management structures and cost-effectiveness, but did not include curriculum, teaching or effectiveness. In nine months the commission received input from over 700 people or organizations.[4]

The Picot task force released its report Administering for Excellence: Effective Administration in Education in May 1988. The report was critical of the Department of Education, which it labelled as inefficient and unresponsive. The task force conceived of the school charter as a contract between school boards, the local community and central authority and the government accepted many of the recommendations subsequently published in their response - Tomorrow's Schools. This recommended a system where each school would be largely independent, governed by a board consisting mainly of parents, although subject to review and inspection by specialized government agencies. Another recommendation was that boards of trustees were made responsible to the Minister of Education, who gained the power to dismiss boards.

The Picot report became the basis for a drawn out process of educational reform in New Zealand starting in 1989.[5] When National was elected in October 1990, it carried out a further series of educational reviews culminating in the publication Education Policy: Investing in People, Our Greatest Asset. This resulted in further modifications to the structure of education reform, and according to one academic, created "a system which is a far cry from the Picot intentions... There has been an ongoing series of changes and reassessments that has caused chaos, confusion and massive insecurity throughout the education sector".[6]

ResponsibilitiesEdit

The Ministry's role is to "shape an education system that delivers equitable and excellent outcomes".[7] It is not an education provider. That role is met by licensed early childhood services, individual elected Boards of state schools, the proprietors of State-integrated schools, registered private schools and tertiary education providers. The Ministry has numerous functions - advising government, providing information to the sector, providing learning resources, administering sector regulation and funding, and providing specialist services. The Ministry works with other education agencies including the Education Review Office, the New Zealand Qualifications Authority, the Tertiary Education Commission, Education New Zealand, and the Teaching Council of Aotearoa New Zealand.[8]

Although the Ministry's primary purpose is to in ensuring equitable and excellent outcomes, it is also the mechanism through which the Government of the day implements its education policy. When government changes aspects of its policy on education, the Ministry is responsible for implementing those changes. Sometimes the Ministry ends up in the difficult position of trying to implement politically induced changes in education policy to which teachers, parents, and school boards may be opposed. Changes introduced by the National Government in 2008–2012 are an example.[9]

In order for the Ministry and the wider education sector to perform its role effectively, it is dependent on taxpayer funding provided by Government. When government increases funding or requires financial cutbacks, this also impacts on the ability of the Ministry to fulfil its role. In 2013, the Government provided about $12.2 billion to fund education in New Zealand.[10] By 2021, the Education budget was some $16.3 billion.[11]

MinistersEdit

The Ministry serves 1 portfolio, 1 minister and 3 associate ministers.[12]

OFFICEHOLDER PORTFOLIO(S) OTHER RESPONSIBILITY(IES)
Hon Chris Hipkins Lead Minister (Ministry of Education)
Minister of Education
Hon Jan Tinetti Associate Minister of Education
Hon Kelvin Davis Associate Minister of Education (Māori Education)
Hon Aupito William Sio Associate Minister of Education (Pacific Peoples)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Total Appropriations for Each Vote". Budget 2019. The Treasury. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
  2. ^ Fiske & Ladd 2000, pp. 48.
  3. ^ Roger Dale and Joce Jesson (1993). "Mainstreaming Education: The Role of the State Services Commission" (PDF). New Zealand Annual Review of Education, 7, 7-34. Retrieved 13 December 2010.[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ Levin 2001, pp. 44.
  5. ^ Levin 2001, pp. 45.
  6. ^ The Myth of Partnership: Educational Reform and Teacher Disempowerment
  7. ^ https://assets.education.govt.nz/public/Documents/Ministry/Publications/Statements-of-intent/SPG-0775-Statement-of-Intent-2021-2026_AW-Web-1.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  8. ^ https://assets.education.govt.nz/public/Documents/Ministry/Publications/Statements-of-intent/SPG-0775-Statement-of-Intent-2021-2026_AW-Web-1.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  9. ^ https://researchcommons.waikato.ac.nz/bitstream/handle/10289/11677/560-2117-1-PB.pdf?sequence=2[bare URL PDF]
  10. ^ Teachers want Government to 'come clean'
  11. ^ "Hey big spending: The Budget in five charts". 20 May 2021.
  12. ^ "Our Ministers". Ministry of Education. April 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2020.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 41°16′32″S 174°46′44″E / 41.275615°S 174.778782°E / -41.275615; 174.778782